What Is A Type 4 Diabetes?

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Types Of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, lifelong condition that affects your body's ability to use the energy found in food. There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. All types of diabetes mellitus have something in common. Normally, your body breaks down the sugars and carbohydrates you eat into a special sugar called glucose. Glucose fuels the cells in your body. But the cells need insulin, a hormone, in your bloodstream in order to take in the glucose and use it for energy. With diabetes mellitus, either your body doesn't make enough insulin, it can't use the insulin it does produce, or a combination of both. Since the cells can't take in the glucose, it builds up in your blood. High levels of blood glucose can damage the tiny blood vessels in your kidneys, heart, eyes, or nervous system. That's why diabetes -- especially if left untreated -- can eventually cause heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and nerve damage to nerves in the feet. Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. It used to be called juvenile-onset diabetes, because it often begins in childhood. Type 1 diabetes is an a Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Shravan Kumar

    As a reminder, type 1 diabetes is the insulin-dependent form of diabetes mellitus where pancreatic beta cells (typically destroyed by an autoimmune response) do not supply insulin to the body to signal cellular glucose uptake, resulting in high blood sugar.
    Type 2 diabetes mellitus is primarily caused by insulin resistance (cells becoming desensitized to insulin’s action due to overuse), and decreased insulin production over time as the pancreas gets “worn out” from overproduction. This type of diabetes is often associated with obesity, inactivity, and aging.
    type 4 diabetes is associated with older age, rather than weight gain.

    You can join online communities like the diabetes community on the CareSpace app CareSpace - Android Apps on Google Play to meet others who suffer from it as well as doctors and physicians who can advice you further.

  2. Michael George

    It is not generally accepted nomenclature. Salk labs recently named type 4 diabetes insulin resistance coming with age in lean body types. Another obscure lab decided to call something else Type 4, unrelated to Salk’s findings I believe. My guess is that neither will stick — but I could be wrong.

  3. Ron Hunter

    One sign that you’re getting insulin resistant is that you start to gain weight. It’s somewhat a function of insulin triggering fat storage.

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