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Vitamin D’s Role In Preventing Type 1 Diabetes

Vitamin D’s Role In Preventing Type 1 Diabetes

Vitamin D’s Role In Preventing Type 1 Diabetes

Vitamin D supplementation could possibly reduce the risk of type 1 diabetes in susceptible children.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM) has been found to be more frequent in people who live at higher altitudes. These people are also at higher risk of developing a vitamin D deficiency. Since vitamin D is related to immune system regulation and increased autoimmunity, it is a potential contender in T1DM prevention. It has been suggested that vitamin D may be related to lower risk of T1DM in infants. Some studies have failed to find a relation between childhood dietary vitamin D and islet autoimmunity (IA). However, dietary intake of vitamin D is only one of the sources that depicts serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). 25(OH)D is the precursor of vitamin D, and a good indicator of vitamin D levels in the body. Numerous other studies have found mixed results on whether 25(OH)D is associated with IA and T1DM. This is perhaps due to study design issues, population diversity, and/or failing to consider genetic variation.
Genes vital to the vitamin D pathway include, GC, CYP27B1, CYP24A1, VDR and RXRA. GC transports 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D. CYP27B1 transforms 25(OH)D to 1,25(OH)2D. CYP24A1 is responsible for degradation of 1,25(OH)2D. VDR and RXRA both enable 1,25(OH)2D. Genetic variations of these genes may result in ineffective or insufficient levels of 25(OH)D and past studies have failed to consider this. Therefore, the main goal of the following prospective study, called The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY), was to evaluate 25(OH)D blood levels Continue reading

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''Free'' Foods for Diabetes

''Free'' Foods for Diabetes

A List of Foods That Don't Impact Blood Sugar
In diabetes meal planning, blood sugar control is the main goal. Typically, people with diabetes are advised to follow carbohydrate-controlled diets in order to minimize blood sugar spikes and manage their disease. Since many foods contain carbohydrates, this can be a challenge. One must learn not only which foods contain carbohydrates, but how to control those portion sizes and divide the carbohydrate foods appropriately into meals and snacks for the day.
During this process of learning and planning, you may also hear about "free foods." In the diabetes world, ''free'' foods are defined as foods (or drinks) that contribute a very small amount of carbohydrates and are also very low in calories. There are two categories of ''free'' foods.
Category #1: Even though this group is called "free," people with diabetes cannot eat them with reckless abandon (the name is slightly misleading). Rather, these foods are considered "free" because when eaten in specified portions, they do not need to be added to a person's allotted carbohydrate amount for a meal or snack. That's because these particular foods, although they may contain a small amount of carbohydrates, have a very minimal impact on blood sugar levels.
In order for a food or drink to be in this category (and not count as a carbohydrate food in diabetes meal planning), it must contain fewer than 5 grams of carbohydrates and less than 20 calories per serving.
These foods should be limited to no more than 3 servings per day, spread throughout the day. If all three servings were eate Continue reading

Are You Having Symptoms Of Pre-Diabetes?

Are You Having Symptoms Of Pre-Diabetes?

The advancements in medical science and technology have had great successes in finding easy cures as well as completely getting rid of some of the diseases which were considered deadly and fatal in the previous centuries.
You can take a look at the comparison between cases of tuberculosis, its life expectancy, and advanced treatment in the past twentieth century and current times. The cases have not only gone down to a big extent but most of the diagnosed have been treated successfully.
You can actually have many treatment options available for a certain health condition depending on the current state, severity, and your choice. However, looking at the current health concerns and statistics, countries are now facing even worse issues.
The previously considered health concerns have now been replaced with others. Coronary heart diseases, COPD, cancer, and diabetes have been listed as the most common causes of death in the United States and rest of the world.
One thing you should note about these diseases is that they are interlinked many times. A person with coronary heart diseases is likely to have hypertension and fluctuating blood sugar levels leading to a diagnosis of diabetes or pre-diabetes.
Diabetes has been becoming a huge issue in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Diabetes Statistics report, 37% percent of the population in the US over the age of 18 and 51% of adults over the age of 50 have diabetes symptoms.
In addition, the latest report suggests that there are around 86 million adults solely in the United S Continue reading

The Apple Watch could one day help monitor diabetes

The Apple Watch could one day help monitor diabetes

Apple apparently has a team working on technology that would enable blood sugar to be monitored by a wearable device. The team – and any progress they've made – are currently top-secret, but as it’s wearable tech it’s safe to assume the device will be an Apple Watch or something similar if the project comes to fruition.
The tech giant isn’t by any means the first company to try its hand at this technology, but hearing about actual progress from a big player is exciting.
If Apple manages to get the technology to work it could be revolutionary for diabetes sufferers, who currently have to go through a convoluted and invasive process every time they want to check their blood sugar.
Currently measuring blood sugar requires piercing the skin, applying a small amount of blood to a test strip, then inserting the strip into a blood glucose monitoring device. The process is unpleasant and time-consuming, and the need for a constant supply of strips can become an expensive proposition.
By contrast, this development would work using optical sensors to shine a light through the skin to test for sugar levels in the blood. If it works, it would be a revolutionary development, although not an inexpensive one for Apple.
A costly enterprise
The executive chairman of industry-leading glucose-monitoring company DexCom, Terrance Gregg, has previously said that to succeed in this field would cost a company “several hundred million dollars or even a billion dollars”.
It would be worth it though, with a recent study at the University of London estimating that the global cost of diab Continue reading

What You Need To Know About Diabetes

What You Need To Know About Diabetes

Across the globe, the rate of diabetes has skyrocketed — quadrupled, in fact — in the last few decades. As of 2012, over 9% of the U.S. population has diabetes — and more than 8.1 million people who have it don't know it, according to the American Diabetes Association. We spoke with Dorothy Fink, MD, an endocrinologist at NYU Langone Medical Center, to find out what you need to know about the condition, including its main warning signs.
What's the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
To understand the two diseases, you have to first understand what's supposed to happen. After eating — if you're healthy — your digestive system will break down food into basic sugars (a.k.a. glucose) that it can use as fuel. In order for it to do that, though, your pancreas has to release the hormone insulin, which acts like a key for each of your cells, unlocking them so the glucose can enter and be used for fuel. But in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, there is a kink in this system.
Dr. Fink explains that type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune response, which means that antibodies from a patient's own immune system start to attack the pancreas, damaging it and preventing it from producing insulin. Without the insulin, the body's cells can't use the glucose, so it builds up in the blood, causing the "high blood sugar" that can be dangerous. People with type 1 usually have to rely on insulin injections to make sure their bodies can regulate their blood sugar and their cells get the fuel they need.
Patients with type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, can still make insulin Continue reading

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