Using Insulin to Treat Type 2 Diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, you probably already know that a healthy lifestyle -- including diet, exercise and weight control -- is a very important part of your treatment. You also may need to take oral medications, either a single drug or a combination of drugs. If your type 2 diabetes is not well-controlled on oral medications, you may need to take insulin.
How Does Insulin Work?
Insulin helps keep your blood sugar levels within a normal range by moving glucose from your blood into your body’s cells.
Your cells then use the glucose for energy. People who do not have diabetes make the correct amount of insulin on their own.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you may be able to control your levels of insulin and blood sugar with oral medication. However, some people with type 2 diabetes can't control their blood sugar with oral medications alone and need to add insulin injections to their treatment.
How Do I Take Insulin?
You will need to learn how to inject yourself with insulin, which you may need to take one or more times each day. Your doctor or a diabetes nurse can help you decide which method of taking insulin is best for you and will teach you how to inject yourself.
Taking injections. You will give yourself shots using a needle and syringe. Your doctor or nurse will show you how to get the correct amount of insulin into the syringe and how to inject it under your skin. Some people use an insulin pen, which looks like a pen but has a needle for its point and is prefilled with the correct amount of insulin.
Using an insulin jet injector. This device, which looks like a Continue reading