Type 1 Diabetes Prevented In Animal Model

Type 1 Diabetes Prevented in Animal Model

Type 1 Diabetes Prevented in Animal Model

A way to reverse and possibly prevent type 1 diabetes has been discovered through an animal model experiment, according to new research published in Endocrinology.
Thomas Burris and his colleagues from Saint Louis University found they could block the autoimmune process that destroys beta cells and leads to diabetes.
For the research the team focused on a specific immune "T-cell" type, called TH17.
"None of the animals on the treatment developed diabetes even when we started treatment after significant beta cell damage had already occurred," Burris said in a press statement.
"We believe this type of treatment would slow the progression of type 1 diabetes in people or potentially even eliminate the need for insulin therapy."
TH17 Cells Could Be The Solution
Researchers found that by targeting the receptors for the development of TH17 cells they were able to stop the autoimmune process from being triggered and spare beta cells.
This resulted in a reversal of diabetes in mice with the condition, suggesting that the autoimmune response that occurs with type 1 diabetes could potentially be prevented in humans.
"These results confirm that TH17 cells likely play a key role in the development of type 1 diabetes and suggest that the use of drugs that target this cell type may offer a new treatment for the illness," said researchers.
Source: Saint Louis University Medical Center
Image courtesy of pat138241/FreeDigitalPhotos.net
Type 2 diabetes is different from type 1 diabetes in many ways. As its alternate name of adult-onset diabetes implies, it is usually only found in adults. How Continue reading

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Avoiding Injection Site Problems with Type 1 Diabetes

Avoiding Injection Site Problems with Type 1 Diabetes

The bodies of those who suffer from type 1 diabetes cannot make insulin on their own. For this reason, patients are subject to multiple injections of insulin each day. Because injections can be more or less comfortable to take, depending upon where in the body they are placed, it is not uncommon for patients to utilize the same areas of the body over and over for injections.
The risks of over-utilizing certain areas of the body include developing abnormal accumulations of fat beneath the skin. As the fat accumulates the skin will become visibly lumpy and injection will become more difficult.
Techniques for Effective Insulin Injection
Insulin is accepted into the body at faster or slower rates, depending upon where the injection is located. An insulin injection is subcutaneous, which is to say that the insulin is injected beneath the skin using a small needle.
There are techniques to injection that prevent insulin from being injected into muscle, where it will work too quickly, or into the skin, a painful injection that will not be processed by the body. These involve injecting at an angle, with the angle depending upon body type.
Where in the body insulin is injected is important as well. Injections into the abdomen are absorbed most quickly, with the upper arms next. Injections to the thighs and then to the buttocks are absorbed more slowly.
Injections for the same time frame each day should be given in the same body region. For instance, morning insulin given in the abdomen one day should be given in a different part of the abdomen each day.
Injection sites should be cont Continue reading

Diabetes-Friendly Carrot-Zucchini Bread

Diabetes-Friendly Carrot-Zucchini Bread

Serves 8
2 eggs
½ cup grated carrot
½ cup buckwheat flour
¼ cup wheat bran
¼ cup flax meal
1 tsp baking powder
¼ cup raw honey
¼ cup Greek yogurt or almond milk
½ cup grated zucchini
¼ cup chopped walnuts
½ tsp ground cinnamon
¼ tsp ground nutmeg
Pinch of salt
Preheat oven to 350 F.
Place eggs and carrot in a blender. Blend for about 1 minute. Set aside.
In a bowl, combine buckwheat flour, wheat bran, flax meal and baking powder. Set aside.
In a separate bowl, mix honey into yogurt or milk until honey dissolves.
Add flour mixture and stir.
Add carrot mixture and stir until well-combined.
Add zucchini, walnuts, cinnamon, nutmeg and salt. Mix well, then place in a baking pan that's been sprayed with cooking spray.
Bake for 30 minutes.
Nutrition Information per Serving
131 Calories
6 g Fat
48 mg Cholesterol
74 mg Sodium
18 g Carbohydrate
3 g Fiber
5 g Protein
Source: The Daily Meal
Not every recipe on our site is appropriate for every person with diabetes. Please follow the recommendations of your doctor, dietitian or nutritionist.
Type 2 diabetes is different from type 1 diabetes in many ways. As its alternate name of adult-onset diabetes implies, it is usually only found in adults. However, the rate of children acquiring the disease is going up.
Type 2 diabetes is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes due to the fact that, unlike type 1, insulin injections are not always required for treatment.
In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas either doesn't produce any insulin, or the insulin that is produced is not properly utilized. This is due to Continue reading

Cheap Diabetes Tests Can Now Be Printed With an Ink-Jet Printer

Cheap Diabetes Tests Can Now Be Printed With an Ink-Jet Printer

Glucose strips that diabetics use to measure their blood sugar levels can be pretty pricey - but students have now come up with a way for people in poorer regions to simply print them out at home.
Bioengineering students in the US have developed technology that lets people in the developing world use a hacked printer to print out glucose strips for just five cents each. They're also providing them with cheap parts to make their own device to measure their blood sugar levels.
Glucose strips are part of blood glucose level tests diabetics need to perform around five or more times a day to work out how much insulin or food they need to inject to manage their diabetes and avoid complications such as blindness and cardiovascular disease. These strips are then inserted into machines called glucometers, which give them a reading of their levels.
But right now, glucometer machines are hard to access and expensive. And if someone in a developing region can get their hands on one, it will only work with a specific brand of store-bought glucose strips, which can cost around $1 each. For a quarter of the people in Tanzania, where the students started their project, that adds up to around 10 times their average monthly salary.
Now students from Clemson University in South Carolina have developed technology that lets people in developing countries build their own simple glucose testing systems at home for a fraction of the cost, and using easy-to-access parts.
Called GlucoSense, the glucometer is made entirely from off-the-shelf parts that can be bought in electronics stores or easily sh Continue reading

How to Make a Recipe Diabetes-Friendly

How to Make a Recipe Diabetes-Friendly

Adapting a recipe to be diabetes-friendly isn't all that difficult if you know what adjustments need to be made.
Keep in mind that portion size must be taken into account, meaning that just because you alter a recipe doesn't mean it's necessarily healthy to eat more of it.
The following tips are guidelines for making any recipe more diabetes-friendly. For meal and snack ideas that are already diabetes-safe, visit our recipe collection.
Lower the Carbs
One of the most important things to keep in mind when changing recipes is the total carbohydrate count. Depending on the recipe, you can lower the carbohydrates by doing the following:
Swap vegetables high in carbohydrates, such as potatoes, for lower-carb vegetables like leafy greens.
Swap white or wheat flour for coconut or almond flour.
Cut fruit or sugar measurements in half.
Use fresh ingredients instead of canned or frozen food.
Stay mindful of "hidden" carbohydrates, typically from sauces, dairy or condiments.
Steer Clear of Sugars
Recipes that call for sugar are probably not inherently diabetic-friendly, but you can generally make them safe by using sugar substitutes such as stevia or erythritol.
If that's not possible, try to cut down on the amount of sugar used in the recipe.
Focus on Protein, Fat and Fiber
Diabetics benefit from the blood-sugar stabilizing properties of protein, especially from sources that are lean and lower in calories. Make protein the main event in savory dishes like soups, casseroles or stir-frys.
Healthy sources of fat will also curb hunger and can be used in dishes (but keep in mind that fat Continue reading

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