Top Ten Facts About Diabetes
Introduction to Diabetes
All of us know at leat one person suffering from diabetes. This sums up the prevalence of diabetes. Apart from being one of the most prevalent diseases in the world, it is a disease that opens up the pandora's box of many complications. No wonder it is a dreaded disease and people who are diabetic end up with other medical issues as well.
Diabetes is a group of diseases with one thing in common - a problem with insulin. The problem could be that your body either doesn't make any insulin, doesn't make enough insulin or doesn't use insulin properly.
How is Insulin formed ?
The pancreas, which is an organ present in the abdominal cavity of the body, secretes this hormone insulin. This hormone is the key to the way your body processes food, as it helps maintain proper sugar levels (glucose) in your blood. Glucose is your body's fuel. Cells use glucose to produce energy to grow and function. Glucose is escorted by insulin through your bloodstream and insulin helps in unlocking cells to allow glucose to enter.
In diabetes, lack of insulin or the resistance of your cells to insulin prevents the right amount of glucose from entering your cells. The unused glucose builds up in your blood, a condition called hyperglycemia.
What are the Types of Diabetes?
The disease occurs in two types:
Type 1 Diabetes :
In this type of diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin
This type of diabetes generally affects 4-7 years olds or 10-14 years olds and requires treatment with insulin
Type 2 Diabetes:
This is the most common type of diabetes, it generally develop Continue reading