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Thyroid Disorders And Diabetes

Thyroid Disorders and Diabetes

Thyroid Disorders and Diabetes

Thyroid disorders are very common in the general U.S. population, affecting up to 27 million Americans, although half that number remains undiagnosed. It is second only to diabetes as the most common condition to affect the endocrine system — a group of glands that secrete hormones that help regulate growth, reproduction, and nutrient use by cells. As a result, it is common for an individual to be affected by both thyroid disease and diabetes.
Since the thyroid gland plays a central role in the regulation of metabolism, abnormal thyroid function can have a major impact on the control of diabetes. In addition, untreated thyroid disorder can increase the risk of certain diabetic complications and can aggravate many diabetes symptoms. Luckily, abnormal thyroid function can easily be diagnosed by simple blood tests, and effective treatment is available. For all of these reasons, periodic screening for thyroid disorder should be considered in all people with diabetes.
What is the thyroid?
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, just below the Adam’s apple and above the collarbone. It produces two hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which enter the bloodstream and affect the metabolism of the heart, liver, muscles, and other organs. The thyroid gland operates as part of a feedback mechanism involving the hypothalamus, an area of the brain, and the pituitary gland, which is located within the brain.
First, the hypothalamus sends a signal to the pituitary through a hormone called TRH (thyrotropin-releasing hormone). When the pituitary gland Continue reading

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How to Prevent Alzheimer’s & Type 3 Diabetes

How to Prevent Alzheimer’s & Type 3 Diabetes

Some experts are calling Alzheimer’s disease (AD) “Type 3 diabetes,” because it relates to problems with insulin function. Preventing this condition combines good diabetes self-management with care for the brain.
Alzheimer’s is a progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions. People with Type 2 diabetes are 50–65% more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease than people with normal blood sugars. Approximately half of people with Type 2 will go on to develop Alzheimer’s in their lifetime.
Thinking of Type 3 diabetes as another complication of Type 2 gives some ideas on how to prevent it. Here are 10 possible approaches for avoiding Alzheimer’s disease:
1. Diabetes medications might help. Metformin seems to. A study at Tulane University followed 6,000 veterans with diabetes and showed that the longer a person used metformin, the lower his chances of developing Alzheimer’s and other dementias. People who took metformin for more than 4 years had only one quarter the risk of these diseases.
Newer diabetes drugs in the class known as GLP-1 receptor agonists have been found to improve memory and prevent Alzheimer’s changes in mice and preliminary human studies.
2. Food plays a significant role. Unfortunately, different experts have different prescriptions on what to eat.
Dr. Mark Hyman, author of The Blood Sugar Solution, says, “Balance your blood sugar with a whole-foods, low-glycemic diet. You can achieve this by taking out the bad stuff (refined carbs, sugar, alcohol, caffeine, processed foods, dairy, and inflammatory, omega-6 Continue reading

47% in China Likely Have Prediabetes Or Diabetes

47% in China Likely Have Prediabetes Or Diabetes

Over 10% of China's population has diabetes -- one of the high prevalence rates in the world -- and more than a third are likely to be prediabetic, according to a new nationally representative study.
Led by Limin Wang, MPH, of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Beijing, and colleagues, the analysis reported the estimated standardized prevalence for diabetes among China's population for 2013 was pegged at 10.9% (95% CI 10.4%-11.5), which included diagnosed (4%, 95% CI 3.6%-4.3%) and undiagnosed cases of diabetes.
Published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, the prevalence of China's prediabetes population was estimated at 35.7% (95% CI 34.1%-37.4%).
Compared to the U.S., which had a combined diabetes and prediabetes estimate of 49%-52% between 2011-2012, China was only slightly lower with a combined 47% prevalence rate in 2013.
Following a nationwide survey conducted in 2010, China's prediabetes prevalence was estimated at 50.1%, while their diabetes prevalence was estimated at 11.6%. However, Wang's group suspected these numbers overestimated the true prevalence, and therefore aimed to do better in their current study.
The research group drew on data from 170,287 adults who participated in the China Chronic Disease and Risk Factors Surveillance study, conducted every three years. The survey included an in-depth questionnaire to gather information on lifestyle risk factors, medical history, and demographics, as well as physical and lab evaluations (similar to NHANES in the U.S.).
All participants not previously diagnosed with diabetes u Continue reading

6 Tips on How to Prevent Feline Diabetes

6 Tips on How to Prevent Feline Diabetes

As the owner of a diabetic cat who, fortunately, has been in remission for a few years now, I get asked about feline diabetes quite a bit. One question a lot of people have is how they can keep their cats from getting the disease. The good news is that for the vast majority of cats, there are six simple steps you can take to prevent your furry friend from getting feline diabetes.
1. The first step in preventing feline diabetes: watch your cat’s weight
As with Type 2 diabetes in humans, the most common risk factor for development of the diabetes in cats is obesity. A recent study revealed that 58 percent of cats are overweight or obese, and that’s a lot of ticking diabetes time bombs. Fat cats may be cute, but the health risks certainly are not. Make sure you feed your cat according to the instructions on his food, and if you are going to feed treats and snacks, make sure you compensate by feeding less at mealtime.
2. Feed your cat a species-appropriate diet
Cats are obligate carnivores. Their bodies evolved to eat a high-protein, low-carbohydrate and grain-free diet. Most vets these days agree that cats do best on a diet of canned food because the protein-carbohydrate balance is more in alignment with what their systems are designed to handle. Talk to your vet to determine the right diet for your cat.
3. Provide exercise and enrichment
Not only will exercise keep your cat’s weight down, it will reduce his stress level as well, so be sure to play with him every day. A bonus of daily play is that it will strengthen the bond between you and your furry friend. Environment Continue reading

Sugar and Your Brain: Is Alzheimer’s Disease Actually Type 3 Diabetes?

Sugar and Your Brain: Is Alzheimer’s Disease Actually Type 3 Diabetes?

It starves your brain, tangles and twists vital cells, and for decades it has been misrepresented as an untreatable, genetically determined disease. Alzheimer's disease is the 6th leading cause of death in North America1. The truth, however, is that this devastating illness shares a strong link with another sickness that wreaks havoc on millions of individuals in North America — Diabetes.
We all know that individuals affected by Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes have a notable resistance to insulin. Type 1 is caused by the body's inability to produce insulin, and Type 2 is caused by the deterioration of the body's insulin receptors and associated with the consumption of too much refined carbohydrate like processed grains and sugar. But when studies began to appear in 2005 that revealed a shocking correlation between insulin and brain cell deterioration, major breaks were made around Alzheimer's prevention[i]. Health practitioners became curious about a critical question — could Alzheimer's disease simply be Type 3 Diabetes?
Alzheimer's disease has long been perceived as mysterious and inevitable. 5.3 million individuals suffer every year from the disease that appears to be untreatable[ii]. But, if this illness is associated with insulin resistance, this simply isn't the case.
We already know that diabetics are at least twice as likely to experience dementia[iii]. The cells of your brain can become insulin-resistant just like other cells in the body. What was once considered a mysterious accumulation of beta amyloid plaques characteristic in the Alzheimer brain is now associate Continue reading

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