The Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
High blood sugar is the hallmark indicator of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and in both forms of diabetes the hormone insulin is a focus of attention.
Insulin, manufactured in the pancreas, is responsible for shuttling blood sugar, or glucose, into our cells for fuel. If insulin is low, absent, or not utilized properly by the body, the fuel we need to function accumulates in our blood stream, causing problems.
Those with type 1 diabetes have very little or no insulin in their system because their pancreas manufactures little or none of it. People with type 2 diabetes produce some, but not enough insulin, or their body may not respond to insulin’s effects.
Type 1 Diabetes
The onset of type 1 diabetes is typically sudden and the diagnosis clear-cut. Individuals go to their doctor or an emergency room complaining of intense thirst, hunger, increase in urination, blurry vision, weight loss (even if they are eating more), a higher incidence of infections, and pain or tingling in their extremities; hospitalization is sometimes necessary.
Formerly, type 1 diabetes was called “juvenile diabetes” since nearly three-fourths of diagnoses occur before the age of 30, or was called “insulin-dependent diabetes,” because taking insulin daily is necessary for survival and well-being. Five to ten percent of people diagnosed with diabetes have this type.
Individuals with type 1 diabetes, many of them young children, must check their blood sugar level several times each day and administer insulin by injection or with an insulin pump. Barring a cure or treatment innovations, they will d Continue reading