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The Best Foods You Can Eat To Prevent Diabetes

The Best Foods You Can Eat to Prevent Diabetes

The Best Foods You Can Eat to Prevent Diabetes

Coming down with a diabetes diagnosis is more than just frustrating. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it’s the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S. But what exactly is it? Diabetes Research explains diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes the body to produce too little insulin. Insulin allows the glucose, or sugar, from the foods that you eat to enter your cells to use as energy, but diabetics don’t have enough insulin to make this happen. This means the sugars stay in your blood, and your body doesn’t have the energy necessary to complete daily functions.
To lower your risk of diabetes, try adding the following six foods to your meals.
1. Whole grains
There’s evidence to suggest that whole grains can protect you from diabetes, whereas refined carbohydrates, like those you would find in white bread, can increase your risk, explains Harvard’s School of Public Health. The fiber and bran found in whole grains make it harder for your digestive system to break down the grains into glucose. Because this process is more difficult, your blood sugar and insulin are increased very slowly, putting less stress on the body. Choosing whole grains that have a low glycemic load can decrease your risk of diabetes dramatically.
2. Carrots
The color of carrots is a key indicator that they’re rich in carotenoids, which are antioxidants that may help prevent diabetes, says Prevention. Research from the University of Minnesota School of Public Health found, out of 4,500 people tested over a 15-year span, those who had the highest levels of carote Continue reading

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Diabetes risk gene 'from Neanderthals'

Diabetes risk gene 'from Neanderthals'

A gene variant that seems to increase the risk of diabetes in Latin Americans appears to have been inherited from Neanderthals, a study suggests.
We now know that modern humans interbred with a population of Neanderthals shortly after leaving Africa 60,000-70,000 years ago.
This means that Neanderthal genes are now scattered across the genomes of all non-Africans living today.
Details of the study appear in the journal Nature.
The gene variant was detected in a large genome-wide association study (GWAS) of more than 8,000 Mexicans and other Latin Americans. The GWAS approach looks at many genes in different individuals, to see whether they are linked with a particular trait.
People who carry the higher risk version of the gene are 25% more likely to have diabetes than those who do not, and people who inherited copies from both parents are 50% more likely to have diabetes.
The higher risk form of the gene - named SLC16A11 - has been found in up to half of people with recent Native American ancestry, including Latin Americans.
Drug hope
The variant is found in about 20% of East Asians and is rare in populations from Europe and Africa.
This could illuminate new pathways to target with drugs and a deeper understanding of the diseaseProf Jose Florez, Harvard Medical School
The elevated frequency of this variant in Latin Americans could account for as much as 20% of these populations' increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes - the origins of which are complex and poorly understood.
"To date, genetic studies have largely used samples from people of European or Asian ancestry, which Continue reading

Majority of California adults have prediabetes or diabetes

Majority of California adults have prediabetes or diabetes

Up to 30 percent of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within five years, and as many as 70 percent of them will develop the disease in their lifetime.
Nearly half of California adults, including one out of every three young adults, have either prediabetes — a precursor to type 2 diabetes — or undiagnosed diabetes, according to a UCLA study released today. The research provides the first analysis and breakdown of California prediabetes rates by county, age and ethnicity, and offers alarming insights into the future of the nation’s diabetes epidemic.
Conducted by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and commissioned by the California Center for Public Health Advocacy, the study analyzed hemoglobin A1c and fasting plasma glucose findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey together with California Health Interview Survey data from over 40,000 respondents.
The study estimates that some 13 million adults in California, or 46 percent, have prediabetes or undiagnosed diabetes, while another 2.5 million adults, or 9 percent, have already been diagnosed with diabetes. Combined, the two groups represent 15.5 million people — 55 percent of the state’s population. Because diabetes is more common among older adults, the study’s finding that 33 percent of young adults aged 18 to 39 have prediabetes is of particular concern.
“This is the clearest indication to date that the diabetes epidemic is out of control and getting worse,” says Dr. Harold Goldstein, executive director of the health advocacy center. “With limited availa Continue reading

Carbohydrate-Counting Chart for People with Diabetes

Carbohydrate-Counting Chart for People with Diabetes

A Single-Serving Reference Guide
Carbohydrates are your body’s main energy source. During digestion, sugar (simple carbohydrates) and starches (complex carbohydrates) break down into blood sugar (glucose). If you consume too much carbohydrate-rich food at one time, your blood sugar levels may rise too high, which can be problematic. Monitoring your carbohydrate intake is a key to blood sugar control, as outlined in a plan by your doctor or dietitian.
Carbohydrates are found in lots of different foods. But the healthiest carbohydrate choices include whole grains, vegetables, fruits, legumes, beans, and low-fat dairy products. The chart below shows a single serving of carbohydrate-containing foods, which equals 15 grams:
Grains
1 Serving = 15 g carbs
Bagel (white or whole wheat)
1/2 of a small
Bread (white or whole wheat)
1 slice (1 ounce)
Bun (white or whole wheat)
1/2 of a small
Crackers, round butter style
6
Dry cereal, unsweetened
3/4 cup
English muffin
1/2 of a small
Hot cereal (oatmeal, grits, etc.)
1/2 cup cooked
Macaroni, noodles, pasta or spaghetti
1/3 cup cooked
Pancakes and waffles
1 (4-inch diameter)
Pizza crust, thin
1/8 of a 12-inch pizza
Rice (white or brown)
1/3 cup cooked
Beans & Legumes
1 Serving = 15 g carbs
Baked beans
1/3 cup cooked
Beans (navy, black, pinto, red, etc.)
1/2 cup cooked
Lentils
1/2 cup cooked
Starchy Vegetables
1 Serving = 15 g carbs
Baked potato (regular or sweet)
1/2 medium (4 inches long)
Corn
1/2 cup cooked
French fries, regular cut
10-15 fries
Peas
1/2 cup cooked
Winter squash (acorn, butternut, etc.)
1 cup cooked
Vegetable soup
1 cu Continue reading

New Diabetes Products for 2017: Apps, Glucose Gel, and Sweetener

New Diabetes Products for 2017: Apps, Glucose Gel, and Sweetener

For the last year, Diabetes Self-Management has been following all the new innovations and products aimed at helping to improve the lives of those living with diabetes. From the latest glucometers and monitoring systems to insulin pumps, pens, and treatments, several major advancements made their impact on the diabetes community in 2016.
When selecting some of the new products, we first talked to Gary Scheiner, MS, CDE, clinical director of Integrated Diabetes Services of Wynnewood, Pennsylvania. Scheiner, known as the MacGyver of diabetes products, has lived with Type 1 diabetes for more than 30 years. He tries out new products before recommending them to patients. “It’s important to see new products from the user’s point of view, not just from the [health-care practitioner’s] side of things,” said Scheiner.
In 2016, the pace of innovation continued to race ahead with unbelievable technology right out of a Star Trek episode. The growing use of smartphone technology and mobile applications has led to better access to blood glucose readings, general health information, and much more. Read on to learn about the newest products. We guarantee you there’s something here for everyone, whether you live with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.
In this installment, we look at mobile apps, glucose gel, and sweetener that have recently or are expected to soon hit the market.
Mobile apps
DietSensor is the first nutritional coaching app to help better manage chronic conditions like diabetes. Available since late last year, DietSensor tracks intake of macronutrients such as carbs, fat Continue reading

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