Swapping for Fructose: Effects of a Sugar Replacement on Diabetes
Researchers determine the effects of replacing glucose or sucrose with fructose on glucose, insulin, and triglyceride concentrations.
When you think about eating healthier, what do you think about limiting in your diet? Sugar? Carbohydrates? Both?
Over the years, sugar has gained a bad reputation. The bad sugar that usually comes to mind is sucrose, commonly known as table sugar. However, there are two other types of sugars: glucose and fructose. Glucose and fructose are referred to as simple sugars because they are made up of single sugar molecules. Joined together, glucose and fructose form sucrose.
Our bodies break down sucrose into the simple sugars glucose and fructose.
Glucose, our bodys preferred energy source, is often referred to as blood sugar because it circulates in our blood. When we eat, our body breaks down sugar and carbohydrates into glucose for energy. Our bodies can either use glucose immediately, or store it muscle or liver cells in the form of glycogen for later use.
Fructose is a sugar naturally found in fruits and vegetables. It differs from the other sugars because our bodies process it differently. Fructose is not our bodys preferred energy source and unlike glucose, it does not cause insulin to be released.
Our bodies need the hormone insulin so that glucose can be taken up into our cells for energy.
Individuals with diabetes either dont make enough insulin, or their bodies do not respond properly to the insulin that is produced. In some cases, it is a combination of both. In type 1 diabetes, which usually begins in childhood, the body att Continue reading