Study suggests link between A1 beta-casein and Type 1 diabetes
RESEARCH: Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease in which the body attacks its own insulin-producing cells, is on the rise globally.
Early evidence of an association between Type 1 diabetes and a protein in cow milk, known as A1 beta-casein, was published in 2003. However, the notion that the statistically strong association could be causal has remained controversial.
As part of a seven-person team, we have reviewed the overall evidence that links A1 beta-casein to type 1 diabetes. Our research brings forward new ways of looking at that evidence.
Different types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is the form of diabetes that often manifests during childhood. The key change is an inability of the pancreas to produce insulin, which is essential for transporting glucose across internal cell membranes.
There is common confusion between Type 1 and the much more common Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. This means that the immune system attacks the body's own cells. Insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are then destroyed by "friendly fire".
* A1 or A2 milk? Where's the research?
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* What does A2 milk have to offer?
There is no accepted lifestyle change that will prevent or cure Type 1 diabetes and daily insulin injections are required throughout life.
In contrast, people who develop Type 2 diabetes still produce some insulin, but the liver and muscles become resistant to insulin's ability to move glucose out of the blood and into the tissues. Type 2 diabetes is primarily a disease of middle-aged and older people and is Continue reading