Study Links A Lack Of Sleep In Children With Increased Risk Of Developing Type 2 Diabetes

Study links a lack of sleep in children with increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes

Study links a lack of sleep in children with increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes

Children who don't get enough sleep at night are at higher risk for developing Type 2 diabetes, according to a new study published Tuesday by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Researchers observed self-reported sleep times, then took body measurements and blood samples in over 4,500 children aged 9 and 10 in Britain. Children who slept on average one hour longer per night than others in the study had a lower body mass index, lower insulin resistance, and lower fasting glucose than those who who slept an hour less.
While the study did not follow the participants long enough to see if they actually developed diabetes, the markers that are considered type 2 diabetes risk factors in adults were there.
The researchers suggest that increasing sleep duration by even half an hour could be associated with a lower body mass index and a reduction in insulin resistance.
The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommend 11 to 14 hours of sleep a night for children ages one to two and 10 to 13 hours of sleep for ages three through five. In school-aged children, the groups recommend nine to 12 hours of sleep a night for children up to 12 and eight to ten hours of sleep for teenagers.
Dr. Edith Bracho-Sanchez, a pediatric specialist, told ABC News that she often tells her patients that sleep is just as important for health as eating healthy or getting enough exercise.
Inadequate sleep for children is linked to lower academic performance, irritability and behavior problems, difficulty concentrating, and now even an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, a Continue reading

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This Is What Happens When People With Diabetes Lose Medicaid

This Is What Happens When People With Diabetes Lose Medicaid

In 2003, Jose Sanchez was a recent graduate just starting out in the world, hustling to get his graphic design business off the ground. Then, one day, his life changed.
“I went to take a nap and then I didn’t wake up for two days,” he said. “When I woke up, I looked like the Matrix. I had all these tubes coming out of me.”
Sanchez discovered he had Type 1 diabetes only after he had fallen into diabetic ketoacidosis, a life-threatening condition. His story is a reminder of what many diabetics went through in the years before the Affordable Care Act, and what many could face again if it’s rolled back.
Because he had very little income at the time, Sanchez was able to qualify for New York State’s Medicaid program. Between changing his diet and lifestyle and getting insulin and other health care through Medicaid, he managed to stay relatively healthy after the incident.
Eventually, he found stable employment and had a son. But then another disaster hit. In 2007, he learned that his job—working nights at Abercrombie & Fitch, prepping the store for the morning crowds—paid just a little too much for him to continue to qualify for Medicaid.
“That’s when I found out the true cost of being a diabetic,” he said.
Without insurance, insulinrefillsalone cost him $225 every three weeks. Diapers, food and milk for his son came first, so he rationed the medication and ended up in the emergency room over and over again, racking up tens of thousands of dollars in medical bills he had no way to pay on his salary.
“I would end up being in the hospital for a weeklong vi Continue reading

How to Recognize Diabetes Symptoms

How to Recognize Diabetes Symptoms

The symptoms of diabetes are many, but the recognizable ones are few. Many of the symptoms associated with diabetics are also associated with other problems, including just getting older. Recognizing the signs of diabetes, however, can mean catching it early and thus having a better outcome for treatment and even a cure.
Any single symptom may not necessarily be proof of diabetes, though any of the following symptoms should be followed up with a physician. Ask about diabetes information when you do.
Sudden Weight Loss
Although diabetes is associated with obesity in most people's minds, it can work both ways. Some who are normal or just slightly overweight can suddenly see weight loss. This is especially true in type 1 diabetes. Even if it's not because you're diabetic, sudden weight loss is never a good sign and should be checked quickly.
Frequent Urination
Another common sign, this one may or may not indicate diabetes. If it's happening alongside another symptom, though, it's something to have checked immediately. Sometimes, urination just happens more often because of dietary changes (perhaps less salt, more water intake, etc) and is not serious.
Blurred Vision
A fairly common symptom of diabetes, blurred vision is often a first sign of many ailments. If your vision perceptibly changes as often as daily, you should definitely see a doctor.
Extreme Thirst
If you just can't seem to quench your thirst, it's a sign you could be having one of several problems, including diabetes.
Numbness / Tingling
A numbness or tingling in your extremities is a sign of circulatory problems a Continue reading

How a Novel Algorithm Can Improve the Prognosis for Type 2 Diabetes

How a Novel Algorithm Can Improve the Prognosis for Type 2 Diabetes

Transforming patient care, one algorithm at a time
Dimitris Bertsimas was a young boy in Athens, Greece, when his mother was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. He was already familiar with the disease—a chronic, hereditary condition that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal—because his grandfather had died of complications related to it. His mother’s sister, who lived only a few streets away, also suffered from the illness.
Even as a child, Bertsimas recalls being puzzled by the fact that his mother and aunt received such very different treatment from their respective physicians. His mother never took insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels; instead, she ate a restricted diet and took other oral drugs. His aunt, meanwhile, took several injections of insulin each day and dealt with many more serious side effects.
“Back then, there was no way to provide targeted treatments, no data to show which treatment was best, and no understanding that patients of similar age, heritage, and genetics might respond to certain drugs in the same way,” he says. “These two sisters had the same disease but very different medical trajectories.”
In the dawning era of personalized medicine, times are different. The availability of genomic information and the increasing use of electronic medical records (EMRs), combined with new methods of machine learning that allow researchers to process large amounts of data, are speeding efforts to understand genetic differences within diseases—including diabetes—and to develop treatments for them.
Bertsimas Continue reading

How Does Gestational Diabetes Affect Your Baby? Experts Weigh In

How Does Gestational Diabetes Affect Your Baby? Experts Weigh In

Ashley Batz/Romper
Gestational diabetes [GD] is a very common worry among pregnant ladies. Especially because in addition to all the other stuff you put up with while you're pregnant, who wants to give themselves insulin injections or prick their finger several times a day to check their glucose levels? According to the American Pregnancy Association (APA), 2 to 5 percent of women develop GD. And if you have certain risk factors, that number rises to 7 to 9 percent. But in addition to how gestational diabetes affects you, how does gestational diabetes affect your baby?
What is gestational diabetes exactly, and how do you get it? The APA noted that, much like having diabetes when you’re not pregnant, it’s a condition where your body doesn’t produce enough insulin while you’re pregnant, which affects how your body regulates sugar. "It may also be called glucose intolerance or carbohydrate intolerance," the website added.
Thankfully, only 5 percent of women develop diabetes during their pregnancy, says Dr. Kurt Martinuzzi, OB-GYN at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, in an email to Romper.
So how do some women end up with gestational diabetes and others do not?
According to Martinuzzi, unfortunately, women who have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), or are Hispanic, African American, Native American, or Pacific Islander have an increased risk of getting gestational diabetes. He also notes that some women's bodies naturally produce too much blood sugar in their bloodstreams through no fault of their own, because the placenta is producing large amounts of hormones th Continue reading

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