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Potato Consumption And Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes: Results From Three Prospective Cohort Studies

Potato Consumption and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: Results From Three Prospective Cohort Studies

Potato Consumption and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: Results From Three Prospective Cohort Studies

OBJECTIVE We aimed to elucidate whether potato consumption is associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D).
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed data in three cohorts consisting of U.S. male and female health professionals without diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline: 70,773 women from the Nurses’ Health Study (1984–2010), 87,739 women from Nurses’ Health Study II (1991–2011), and 40,669 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986–2010). Potato consumption was assessed quadrennially using validated food frequency questionnaires (FFQs), and we calculated 4-year change in potato consumption from consecutive FFQs. Self-reported T2D diagnosis was confirmed using a validated supplementary questionnaire.
RESULTS During 3,988,007 person-years of follow-up, 15,362 new cases of T2D were identified. Higher consumption of total potatoes (including baked, boiled, or mashed potatoes and french fries) was significantly associated with an elevated risk for T2D: the pooled hazard ratio (HR) of T2D compared with <1 serving/week was 1.07 (95% CI 0.97–1.18) for 2–4 servings/week and 1.33 (95% CI 1.17–1.52) for ≥7 servings/week after adjustment for demographic, lifestyle, and dietary factors. In addition, the pooled HRs of T2D for every 3 servings/week were 1.04 (95% CI 1.01–1.08) for baked, boiled, or mashed potatoes, and 1.19 (95% CI 1.13–1.25) for french fries. We further estimated that the HR of T2D was 0.88 (95% CI 0.84–0.91) for replacing 3 servings/week of total potatoes with the same amount of whole grains. Last, in c Continue reading

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Vitamin D and Its Role in Diabetes

Vitamin D and Its Role in Diabetes

Vitamin D, otherwise known as the “sunshine vitamin,” is vital for bone health but may soon be regarded as an important marker of health similar to cholesterol and blood pressure. Over the last few decades, scientists have looked past the skeletal support this micronutrient offers and are discovering that vitamin D may play a vital role in insulin, glucose, and inflammation regulation as well as potentially being a warning sign for different cardiovascular and endocrine diseases — including type 2 diabetes.
So What Exactly Is Vitamin D?
Vitamins are chemicals the body needs to function properly and are required to maintain good health. There are two main categories of vitamins: water soluble and fat soluble vitamins.
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A (retinol)
B1 Thiamine
B7 Biotin
Vitamin D
B2 Riboflavin
B9 Folate
Vitamin E
B3 Naicin
B12 Cobalamin
K
B5 Pantothenic acid
C Ascorbic acid
B6 Pyridoxine
As seen in the table above, water-soluble vitamins like vitamin B and vitamin C are generally excreted and can be replenished daily with little to no worry about toxicity for most people. Fat-soluble vitamins like vitamin D are stored in the liver and fatty tissue and are not always required daily by everyone (depending on your nutritional status).
Excessive amounts of vitamin D and other fat-soluble vitamins can be toxic, but being deficient in one of these vitamins can cause numerous other health problems as well.
Vitamin D is unlike any other micronutrient in that the body can produce its own from sunlight whereas most other vitamins are acquired by Continue reading

Entrepreneurs are wearing implants made for diabetes in the pursuit of 'human enhancement'

Entrepreneurs are wearing implants made for diabetes in the pursuit of 'human enhancement'

In a photo posted to Instagram earlier this year, Dave Asprey, founder and CEO of Bulletproof Coffee, smiles big as he flexes his left arm, revealing a small white disk attached to this tricep.
"It's official. I'm a cyborg," the caption reads.
In Silicon Valley, a growing number of entrepreneurs and biohackers are using a medical technology called a continuous glucose monitor, or CGM, in order to learn more about how their bodies work. They wear the device under their skin for weeks at a time.
CGMs, which cropped up on the market less than 10 years ago and became popular in the last few years, are typically prescribed by doctors to patients living with diabetes (both types 1 and 2). They test glucose level, or the amount of sugar in a person's blood, and send real-time results to a phone or tablet. Unlike fingerstick tests, CGMs collect data passively, painlessly, and often.
For people taking a DIY approach to biology, CGMs offer a way to quantify the results of at-home experiments around fasting, exercise, stress, and sleep.
A patient checks their blood glucose level using a conventional fingerstick test. Stoyan Nenov/Reuters
Asprey, a self-proclaimed biohacker who's spent over $1 million on "smart drugs," wearable tracking devices, and diagnostics tests in the pursuit of cognitive enhancement, has been wearing a CGM on and off for two months. He does not have diabetes, though he's familiar with fingerstick tests from 20 years ago when he weighed 300 pounds and was told by his doctor to monitor his glucose.
In 2017, Asprey bought the device from a European vendor online. ( Continue reading

Diabetes by the Numbers

Diabetes by the Numbers

We Americans love our sweets, that’s a fact. There are hundreds of varieties of candies and cakes out there; enough to satisfy even the largest of sweet-tooths (you can even get fried Coca-Cola at some county fairs! Fried soda!). Though we do love these treats, there should be general restraint used. That’s not to say they should be cut out entirely; eating sweets in limited quantity every once in awhile might not be so bad, but it’s once you start habitually over-consuming that the problems can occur. One of the (obvious) unintended consequences of this sugar over-consumption is the toll that can be taken on your health, specifically in the form of diabetes.
Today’s infographic from jsonline.com gives us an overview of Americans with diabetes. According to the graphic, more than 8% of the U.S. population has diabetes. While that might not seem like a huge percentage, it still equals out to around 28 million people who are afflicted! Diabetes is also a leading cause of limb amputation, but with comprehensive foot care programs the number of limbs lost could be reduced drastically.
For more information on diabetes in America refer to the infographic below. [Via]
5k Continue reading

New Sweetener From The Tequila Plant May Aid Diabetes, Weight Loss

New Sweetener From The Tequila Plant May Aid Diabetes, Weight Loss

Could a new sugar substitute actually lower blood sugar and help you lose weight? That's the tantalizing - but distant - promise of new research presented at the American Chemical Society (ACS) this week.
Agavins, derived from the agave plant that's used to make tequila, were found in mouse studies to trigger insulin production and lower blood sugar, as well as help obese mice lose weight.
Unlike sucrose, glucose, and fructose, agavins aren't absorbed by the body, so they can't elevate blood glucose, according to research by Mercedes G. López, a researcher at the Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados, Biotechnology and Biochemistry Irapuato, in Guanajuato, Mexico.
And by boosting the level of a peptide called GLP-1 (short for glucagon-like peptide-1), which triggers the body's production of insulin, agavins aid the body's natural blood sugar control. Also, because agavins are type of fiber, they can make people feel fuller and reduce appetite, López's research shows.
"We believe that agavins have a great potential as light sweeteners since they are sugars, highly soluble, have a low glycemic index, and a neutral taste, but most important, they are not metabolized by humans," read the study abstract. "This puts agavins in a tremendous position for their consumption by obese and diabetic people."
The caveat: The research was conducted in mice, and more study is necessary before we'll know whether agavins are effective and safe in humans. In other words, we're a long way from agavins appearing on grocery store shelves.
That said, with almost 26 millions of America Continue reading

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