Nursing Care Plan for Diabetes
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Diabetes Mellitus is when blood glucose (sugar in the blood) is unable to move into the cells and help in the making of ATPAKA energy. The body makes insulin to assist with this process. Insulin is a hormone that allows the sugar in the blood to move across the cell wall so the body can use to to produce ATP. There are two types of diabetes. Type I and Type II.
Type I is an autoimmune disorder where the cells attack the insulin producing cells in the pancreas. Thus the body is producing very little or no insulin leaving the sugar in the blood and the cells starve.
Type II is when the cells dont respond to the insulin trying to get sugar into them, called insulin resistance. Thus the sugar stays in the blood and the cells starve.
The cause for Type I diabetes is unknown, but hypothesized to be potentially genetic or triggered by a virus. The cause for Type II diabetes is caused by a storm of events culminating such as weight gain, lack of activity, genetics, and stress levels.
Blood sugar control with minimal side effects.
Diabetes Mellitus (Type I and Type II) Nursing Care Plan
Blood sugar monitoring: Normal range 70-180 mg/dL *patient may have a different target blood sugar level, make sure to know what each patients target is.
The physician will make a target blood glucose level. Teach the patient that they need to monitor their blood glucose.They need to call their primary care physician if they have blood glucose levels higher than their target fo Continue reading