Newer Forms of Insulin Make for Easier Diabetes Management
According to the latest report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, six million American adults with diabetes currently use insulin to help keep their blood sugar levels under control. A naturally occurring hormone produced by the pancreas, insulin helps to transport the sugar in food from the bloodstream into the cells, which then convert the sugar into energy.
Without insulin, sugar (also known as glucose) remains in the blood and builds up. Over time, high blood glucose levels can lead to the serious complications associated with diabetes, such as heart disease, kidney disease, poor circulation to the limbs, and amputations.
Insulin therapy can help manage blood sugar when the body can’t do it on its own. Insulin is a must for everyone with type 1 diabetes, because their bodies are not capable of even producing insulin. People who have type 2 diabetes do produce insulin, but their bodies may not produce enough or may not use the insulin properly. Consequently, they may need insulin therapy depending on their blood glucose levels, related medical conditions, and other medications they are taking.
While conventional insulin products have been very effective in helping to keep blood glucose levels under control, they do have some limitations. For example, blood sugar rises very quickly following a high-carbohydrate meal, and the insulin products we've had available can’t act fast enough to keep up.
It also can be challenging to know how much insulin to take, and when, to effectively manage blood sugar. Just as too little insulin leads to high blood gluco Continue reading