Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus: Its Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Diet
Not many people know that diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus are two different terms are not synonymous to each other. Diabetes insipidus is mainly caused due to the problems in the kidney and the main hormone responsible for the same is the anti diuretic hormone or the vasopressin. In this article, we shall deep dive and know more about one particular type of diabetes insipidus which is known as nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
So, come and join in for the article “Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus: Its Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Diet.”
What is Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus?
Diabetes Insipidus is a condition that is related to the inefficient functioning of the antidiuretic hormone produced by the hypothalamus. Whenever the body experiences any type of fluid loss, the antidiuretic hormone is released and allows the kidney to retain the water. However, in nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, the kidneys fail to respond appropriately to the hormone. Hence, the kidneys do not retain or absorb enough water and as a result, alarge volume of dilute urine is produced by the organ.
There are two main types of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
Acquired nephrogenic diabetes insipidus which is caused by several factors mostly related to the lifestyle of an individual and Hereditary nephrogenic diabetes insipidus which, as the name suggests, is a condition that is carried out through various gene mutations.
Causes of Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
The causes of the disease include:
Increased levels of calcium in the patient’s blood
Hypokalemia or extremely low levels of potassi Continue reading