Massage, Diabetes Type 1 , &Hypoglycemia
The gateway to quality education & improved client care
PART 1 OF 2: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of diseases characterized by chronic elevated blood glucose levels. It is caused by insufficient amounts of insulin, resistance to insulin by the cells, or both. Several types of DM have been identified such as type 1 & type 2. Gestational diabetes discussed HERE .
In type 1 DM, pancreatic beta cells are damaged or destroyed, creating a lack of insulin. Without insulin, glucose cannot enter cells. Hence the individual develops a dependence on insulin. Another term used to describe type 1 DM is insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Type 1 accounts for approximately 5-10% of all diabetes cases (1) & affects approximately 1.25 million people in the United States (2).
Glucose is the bodys main source of fuel & energy. Glucose can only enter cells with the help of the hormone, insulin. Insulin is produced by beta cells located in the pancreas. When glucose enters body cells, blood glucose levels are lowered. Without insulin, glucose does not enter the
cells & blood glucose levels remain high called hyperglycemia.
Signs and symptoms of DM are excessive urination, excessive thirst, & excessive hunger. Others include fatigue, blurred vision, unexplained weight loss, & increased frequency of infections. Persistent hyperglycemia damages cells & leads to complications such as vision problems or diabetic retinopathy, reduced sensations or diabetic neuropathy, & kidney, cardiovascular, & neurologic diseases.
Treatment consists of a lifelong commitment of monitoring blood Continue reading