Managing diabetes to live a longer, healthier life
November is National Diabetes Month. Learn to manage your diabetes for a longer, healthier life. Diabetes has no cure, but a healthy lifestyle can reduce its impact on your life. Make a difference with what you do every day: eat healthy diet, get physically active, take medications as prescribed, and keep health care appointments to stay on track.
The basics of diabetes
According to the Centers for Disease Control, more than 30 million people in the United States have diabetes and one out of four of them don’t even know they have it. There are three types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy).
With type 1 diabetes, your body is unable to make insulin. If you are a type 1 diabetic, you will have to take insulin every day. Insulin is a hormone that acts like a key to let blood sugar into cells to be used for energy. Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 (less than 5 percent of those with diabetes have type 1). There is no known prevention for type 1 diabetes.
Nine out of 10 people with diabetes have type 2. At least one out of three people will develop diabetes in their lifetime. With type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t use insulin well and is unable to keep blood sugar at normal levels. Knowing you have diabetes and making healthy changes will benefit you now and in the future. Risk of death for adults with diabetes is 50 percent higher than for adults without diabetes.
Risk Factors for Diabetes
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:
· Having prediabetes (blood sugar levels higher than normal, but not high enough to be Continue reading