Magnesium To Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
Diet may play a major role in magnesium and its association to type 2 diabetes.
Nutrients and their effect on diabetes prevention have become a major topic of research in numerous studies. Magnesium is of significant interest because it has been recognized that almost half of the U.S. population has a magnesium deficiency. Low magnesium intake is also known to impair insulin function. Magnesium deficiency tends to be more distinct in individuals with prediabetes and diabetes. It has also been suggested that low magnesium intake results in an increased risk of prediabetes and diabetes development. Previous studies have shown that a higher magnesium intake does in fact result in decreased diabetes risk. However, few studies have analyzed how diet and carbohydrate quality affect this relation.
The following study analyzed data from three large cohorts conducted in the U.S called the Nurses’ Health Studies (NHS and NHS2) with a total of 160,647 participants and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) with a total of 42,096 participants. The study aimed to determine whether a higher magnesium intake results in type 2 diabetes risk reduction and how high glycemic index (GI) diets, those low in cereal fiber and high in carbohydrates, more specifically foods high in sugar and foods made with white flower, affect this association.
Participants in the three cohorts were followed for 28 years and evaluated for onset of type 2 diabetes. Food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) completed at baseline and every 4 years were utilized to obtain specific details on dietary intake. FFQs Continue reading