Increased Prevalence in Diabetes Among Chinese Adults
Studies show that half of Chinese adults have an increased risk for prediabetes and diabetes; Tibetan and Muslim Chinese at lowest risk.
Diabetes has been growing drastically throughout the years, serving as one of the major risk factors of morbidity and mortality among various individuals. Diabetes is a risk factor for several disease states, which include but are not limited to ischemic heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease and myocardial infarctions. As one of the largest countries in the world, China contributes to this increase in morbidity and mortality and moreover diabetes pandemic. The prevalence of diabetes in China has been increasing since 1980 from less than 1% to 9.7% with approximately 92.4 million adults in China affected. As such, adults in China with diabetes are prone to losing, on average, nine years of life compared to those who do not have diabetes.
In the study titled Half of Chinese Adults Have Pre-diabetes or Diabetes, researchers estimated the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes in Chinese adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted in several parts of China, using 170,287 participants, aged 18 years or older. Glycemic control was measured using fasting plasma glucose and hemoglobin A1c for those who have diabetes and a 2-hour oral glucose for individuals without diabetes. Main outcomes and measures were assessed using total diabetes and prediabetes as primary outcomes, in addition to awareness and treatment measures to diabetes. Approximately 36.5% participants with diabetes were aware of their diagnosis, 32.2% of individuals with dia Continue reading