'I Have Type 1 Diabetes And It Isn't Because Of My Diet Or Weight'

'I have type 1 diabetes and it isn't because of my diet or weight'

'I have type 1 diabetes and it isn't because of my diet or weight'

With the WHO reporting a fourfold increase in the number of people living with diabetes since 1980, the role poor diet and lack of exercise has in causing the condition is back in focus.
Despite eating well and playing hockey, 19-year-old Lydia Parkhurst has type 1 diabetes.
"It isn't about diet," she explains.
"Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where your pancreas stops working properly."
BBC Advice has more help and information about diabetes.
Because her pancreas no longer produces insulin, Lydia has to monitor her blood sugar levels throughout the day, and make sure enough insulin is being injected into her body.
Type 2 diabetes is mainly driving the increase reported by the WHO and this is caused by a variety of factors, which can include obesity.
Not all countries in the world have the resources to do the tests which are required to distinguish between type 1 and type 2, which is why global estimates for them as distinct conditions "do not exist", according to the WHO.
"It's important to make the distinction between the two because type 1 is not due to lifestyle choices," says Dr Peter Hindmarsh, a specialist in childhood and juvenile diabetes from University College London Hospitals.
"This is a condition which we don't really know the cause of but it's where the body turns against itself and destroys the insulin-producing cells."
If diabetes isn't cared for properly it can cause a variety of problems, such as damage to eyesight or kidney function.
And if Lydia's blood sugar levels fall too low she could end up in a diabetic coma.
According to JDRF, the charity Continue reading

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Seven-day diabetes meal plan: Options for healthful eating

Seven-day diabetes meal plan: Options for healthful eating

A diabetes meal plan can help. A good meal plan can help people to meet their nutritional needs, eat an appropriate mix of foods, and lose weight if needed.
A 7-day diabetes meal plan not only provides a week's worth of healthful eating, but it also makes shopping and cooking duties simpler and can help people save money.
Two menus for 7 days
The ideal diabetes meal plan will offer menus for three meals a day, plus two snacks.
Plans tend to suggest consuming 1,500 to 1,800 calories a day.
The number of calories people with diabetes need to eat each day will vary, depending on their activity level, height, and gender, and whether they're trying to lose, gain, or maintain their weight.
The meal plans below provide a maximum of three servings of healthful, high-fiber carbohydrate choices at each meal or snack.
Diet plans for weight loss
Carrying excess weight puts additional stress on the body's ability to use insulin and regulate blood sugar levels. Unfortunately, close to 90 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight, according to the Obesity Society.
It is helpful for most people with diabetes to consider weight loss guidelines when developing a meal plan. Under the guidance of a doctor, many choose to follow a reduced calorie plan.
Step-by-step guide to meals for a week
These three practices can help people with diabetes enjoy a healthful, varied diet and successfully manage their blood sugar:
balancing carbohydrates, proteins, and fat to meet dietary goals
measuring portions accurately
planning ahead
With these ideas in mind, the following steps can help people Continue reading

WHO calls for healthier diets to combat alarming surge in diabetes

WHO calls for healthier diets to combat alarming surge in diabetes

WHO calls for healthier diets to combat alarming surge in diabetes
World Health Organisation says there were 422 million adults living with diabetes in 2014, a fourfold increase since 1980
Last modified on Tue 28 Nov 2017 18.42EST
The biggest increase is in type 2 diabetes, linked to obesity and decreasing levels of physical activity.Photograph: Christian K Lee/AP
Governments around the world must act to ensure people can make healthier food choices, the World Health Organisation has said in a report (pdf) revealing a fourfold increase in global diabetes cases since 1980.
There are 422 million adults living with diabetes globally, most of them in poorer countries with limited access to treatment although the numbers are rising everywhere, says the report released for World Health Day on Thursday. That is 8.5% of the global adult population. In 1980, there were 108 million, which was 4.7%.
There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 begins usually in childhood and the causes are unclear. The big increase in numbers is in type 2, which is linked to obesity and decreasing levels of physical activity.
Diabetes in India rising, with women at a particular disadvantage
If we are to make any headway in halting the rise in diabetes, we need to rethink our daily lives: to eat healthily, be physically active and avoid excessive weight gain, said Dr Margaret Chan, WHO director general. Even in the poorest settings, governments must ensure that people are able to make these healthy choices and that health systems are able to diagnose and treat people with diabetes.
More than one Continue reading

The Unrelenting Global March Of Diabetes [Infographic]

The Unrelenting Global March Of Diabetes [Infographic]

A major new report from the World Health Organization has revealed that global diabetes cases have almost quadrupled to 422 million in 2014 from 108 million in 1980. Diabetes now affects nearly one in 11 adults with high blood sugar levels linked to 3.8 million deaths every year. Even though the report covers both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the latter (which is connected to poor lifestyle) is primarily responsible for the majority of cases.
The Eastern-Mediterranean region has experienced the most dramatic increase in diabetes cases since 1980. Back then, 5.9 percent of that region's population had diabetes and that increased to 13.7 percent by 2014. During the same time frame, the number of adults with diabetes in the Americas region went from 18 million to 62 million. Accounting for approximately 1.5 million deaths each year, diabetes is the world's eighth biggest killer.
*Click below to enlarge (charted by Statista) Continue reading

WHO: Diabetes cases in adults quadrupled since 1980

WHO: Diabetes cases in adults quadrupled since 1980

The World Health Organization released its first global report on diabetes on Wednesday, a day before World Health Day. The agency warned that if left unchecked, the disease could soon be one of the top causes of death worldwide.
"Globally, an estimated 422 million adults were living with diabetes in 2014, compared to 108 million in 1980," the UN agency said, warning that the condition had worsened due to worldwide changes "in the way people eat, move and live."
According to WHO, the disease directly caused 1.5 million deaths in 2012 - the latest year available for global figures - but high blood-glucose levels related to diabetes caused an additional 2.2 deaths that year.
The report states that, given the current upward trend, diabetes could become one of the top seven causes of death worldwide by 2030, or even earlier.
Asian regions most affected
The Western Pacific region - which includes China and Japan - was the worst region to be affected with 131 million estimated cases in 2014. The heavily-populated Southeast Asia region - including Indonesia and India - was the second-most affected, with 96 million cases.
Europe and the Americas came in third and fourth on the list, with 64 million and 62 million respective cases.
"Over the past decade, diabetes prevalence has risen faster in low- and middle-income countries than in high-income countries," the report stated. Dr. Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General said the data shows diabetes is "no longer a disease of predominantly rich nations."
"If we are to make any headway in halting the rise in diabetes, we need to rethink ou Continue reading

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