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Gluten-free Diets May Be Tied To An Increased Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Gluten-free diets may be tied to an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes

Gluten-free diets may be tied to an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes

Gluten-free diets are all the rage, but shunning gluten may offer no benefit to overall health for most people, a new analysis suggests.
In fact, the people in the study who ate more gluten were 13 percent less likely to develop Type 2 diabetes over the 30-year study than those who ate less gluten, the researchers found.
For some individuals, there are health reasons to avoid gluten, a protein found in grains such as wheat, rye and barley. Certain people, for example, have an intolerance to gluten, which can lead to abdominal pain, bloating or fatigue. Others have celiac disease, an autoimmune disorder that affects mostly the small intestine; when people with this disease eat gluten, their immune system responds by attacking the intestine’s lining.
However, even some people who do not have celiac disease or an intolerance to gluten believe that gluten-free diets are healthier than those that include gluten products, and the researchers wanted to see whether this belief might have any scientific merit, said lead study author Geng Zong, a nutrition research fellow at Harvard University’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston.
In the study, the researchers looked at surveys conducted every two to four years in which nearly 200,000 people reported what they ate. The researchers estimated the participants’ gluten intake based on this information, and then looked at which participants went on to develop Type 2 diabetes over the 30-year study period. Type 2 — the most common form of diabetes — occurs when the body has lost the ability to use insulin efficiently. Th Continue reading

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Does Nigeria have the most people with diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa?

Does Nigeria have the most people with diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa?

Diabetes is a growing concern for Nigeria, a drug multinational executive said ahead of a recent summit on the chronic disease in Lagos.
“About three years ago South Africa and Ethiopia tended to have more diabetes than Nigeria,” said Dr Philip Ikeme, the medical director of the Nigeria, Ghana and eastern African arm of pharmaceutical giant Sanofi. Among Sanofi’s products are the insulin shots used to manage diabetes.
“Now Nigeria has the highest incidence of diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa.” (Note: Incidence refers to the number of new cases in a given period, say a month or a year, while prevalence is the total number of people in a population with a disease in a specific time period.)
“In terms of actual numbers we are looking at five million people whom we know have diabetes,” Ikeme said, adding that the actual number was “much more”.
Does the data support Ikeme’s claim?
We examined the numbers.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease caused by the body’s inability to produce required amounts of insulin – the hormone that regulates blood sugar – or to efficiently use the insulin it produces, according to the World Health Organisation. These are called type 1 and type 2 diabetes respectively.
In 2015, it was the 6th leading cause of death in lower and middle income countries. WHO notes that over the past decade, the prevalence of diabetes has risen faster in low and middle-income countries than in high-income ones. It estimates that in 2014, about 25 million people in sub-Saharan Africa were living with the disease, up from 4 million in 1 Continue reading

Does gluten prevent type 2 diabetes? Probably not

Does gluten prevent type 2 diabetes? Probably not

A recent analysis of a massive study observing the effect of food on the health of nearly 200,000 American health professionals suggested eating more gluten was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
But is it really this simple?
Can gluten be linked to diabetes?
A considerable amount of published research has looked at the potential links between coeliac disease and type 1 diabetes (a chronic condition where the pancreas produces little or no insulin). This has led to the discovery that they often share similar genetic markers linked to the immune system.
Another recent study found that although coeliac disease was more common in people with type 1 diabetes there were no more cases of coeliac disease in people with type 2 diabetes (which usually presents in adulthood, and is typically associated with lifestyle factors) than the general population.
However, while studies in animals suggest gluten may increase risk of developing type 1 diabetes, human studies do not. A large review investigating when infants are first given gluten and their risk of developing type 1 diabetes found no link, unless infants were fed solids in their first three months, which is much younger than the six months recommended by the World Health Organisation.
And in animal studies of type 2 diabetes, it has been suggested gluten may increase the risk of developing diabetes.
How reliable are the study results?
Mice studies are interesting, but we need to look at data from people. This is typically done in either clinical trials, which can assess causality (that one thing caused the other), Continue reading

Adherence to Therapies in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Adherence to Therapies in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

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Introduction
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is increasing globally and has become a major public health problem. In the USA, a study of 17,306 people over 20 years of age showed that those diagnosed with diabetes increased significantly from 6.5% in the 1999–2002 period to 7.8% in 2003–2006 [1]. In 2011, 366 million people worldwide had diabetes and it is predicted that by 2030, this figure will be 552 million [2]. Diabetes is currently among the top five causes of death in most high-income countries and resulted in 4.6 million deaths globally in 2011. The majority of cases of diabetes mellitus are type 2, and the greatest numbers of people with this disease are aged from 40 to 59 years [2].
The increase in type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, hypertension, and an increasingly elderly population. Over the last 18 years in the USA, the proportion of adults in the age group 40–74 years with a body mass index ≥30 kg/m2 has increased from 28% to 36%, while the proportion undergoing physical activity 12 times a month or more has decreased from 53% to 43%, exacerbating the obesity problem [3]. However, despite strong clinical recommendations for individuals with a history of diabetes to adopt a healthier lifestyle, adherence to improved diet and exercise is poor [3]. Although type 2 diabetes usually occurs in people over the age of 40 years, it is becoming increasingly common in children, adolescents and young adults due to reduced physical activity and unhealthy eating patterns, leading to obesity [4].
The majority of patients with type 2 diabet Continue reading

Describe Diabetes in ONE Word!

Describe Diabetes in ONE Word!

Recently, I asked members of the Diabetes Online Community (DOC) to describe diabetes to them using only one word.
I knew this would be a challenge, as diabetes can be described with so many different feelings and so many different words.
However, it was pretty amazing to see what everyone came up with. No matter our battle (Type 1 or Type 2), diabetes is definitely a chronic condition that touches even the most intimate moments in someone’s life.
If you are here reading this article, and do not have diabetes yourself, it will be a real eye opener. To look at what others feel like their diabetes truly is to them by using only one word is quite heartbreaking. While some also take a positive spin on it and choose to be optimistic. Read on to find out what everyone thinks about diabetes, both type 1 and type 2.
Claudia Beteille: Sucks
Jack Heineman: Hell
Jana Russell: Sugarfree! (I ran the two words together)
Erica Soder: Complicated
Nichole Tesoriero: Frustrating
Miranda Erin Grove: Frustrating
Ashlyn Mills: Exhausting
Joe D. Deaver: Inconsistent
Emily Taylor: Hell
Christine Barber: Hard!
Cindy Pike: Shithouse
Bridget Montgomery: Unpredictable
Tennelle Fabrick: Bullshit
Amanda Shaver: Despondent
Jack Heineman: Fun…….j/k crazy!
Cheryl Parks: Lifestyle
I recommend reading the following articles:
Sara Stevens: Hell
Taylor Mire: Tiring
Amber Denzel: Rollercoaster
Marissa Saylor: Aggravating
Bjørn Hee Jensen: I feeling lonely
Kathy Klusman Lentz: You are not alone!
Bridget Montgomery: Heartbreaking
Susanna Catherine Belina: Shitty
Lucie Lapalme: Unforgiving
Amanda Garibay: Continue reading

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