Get Well Wednesday: Diabetes 101
ARE AFRICAN-AMERICANS AT A HIGHER RISK OF DEVELOPING DIABETES? IF SO, IS IT MORE HEREDITARY OR DIET AND LIFESTYLE?
Yes, African-Americans have twice the risk of developing diabetes as white Americans. This is more likely attributed to diet and lifestyle factors. There is a higher rate of obesity in the African-American community and there is a direct link between obesity and diabetes.
Diet and exercise plays a key role in preventing and managing the onset of diabetes. Adopting a healthy lifestyle with daily activity and diets with food lower in fat and calories and higher in fiber as well as fruits, vegetables and whole grains is very important.
HOW LIKELY IS IT THAT A CHILD WILL DEVELOP DIABETES IF PARENT HAS IT?
Though there is a genetic component to developing diabetes, if a parent has diabetes, it does not necessarily mean a child will have it as well.
WHATS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 DIABETES?
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does produce insulin but it cannot effectively use it.
Type 1 is an autoimmune disease where the bodys immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, so therefore the body cannot produce the insulin it needs to absorb the glucose (sugar) out of the blood and bring it into the cells where it needs energy. Type 1 usually occurs early on in childhood. The exact cause is not known but it is probably a combination of the genes a person is born with and something in the environment that triggers the genes to become active.
Type 2 disease Continue reading