Expert: Diabetes, And How To Recognise The Signs
There's an estimated 225,840 people living with Diabetes in Ireland; and the prevalence of Type 1 Diabetes is on the rise. Typically diagnosed in childhood, people with Type 1 Diabetes account for approximately 14,000 – 16,000 of the total diabetes population in Ireland. It's estimated that there are 2,750 people under 16 years-of-age living with Type 1 diabetes, and up to 5 Irish children and teenagers are diagnosed each week.
But what exactly is Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes? What are the signs to look out for, and how can symptoms be managed? Vicky Doyle, Health Promotion Executive for Diabetes Ireland, is here to give you all the answers.
What is Diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is a lifelong condition caused by a lack, or insufficiency of Insulin: A hormone of vital importance, that's made by your pancreas. It acts like a key to open doors into your cells, letting sugar (glucose) in. But in Diabetes, the pancreas makes too little insulin to enable all the sugar in your blood to get into your muscle and other cells to produce energy. If sugar can’t get into the cells to be used, it builds up in the bloodstream: So, Diabetes is characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels.
Before you got Diabetes
Before you got Diabetes, your body automatically kept your blood sugar exactly at the right level. Here’s how that worked: After a meal containing carbohydrates, sugar is absorbed into the blood stream very quickly. The amount of sugar in your blood must not get too high or too low. Two hormones – Insulin and Glucagon – were produced in the pancreas, to ensure t Continue reading