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Eating Fresh Fruit Every Day And Making Lifestyle Changes Lower The Risk Of Diabetes, Study Says

Eating fresh fruit every day and making lifestyle changes lower the risk of diabetes, study says

Eating fresh fruit every day and making lifestyle changes lower the risk of diabetes, study says

EATING fresh fruit every day lowers the risk of diabetes, say researchers.
The Oxford University team monitored 500,000 adult volunteers over seven years in China.
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Despite fruit’s recognised health benefits. Type 2 diabetes can be treated with healthy lifestyle changes such as eating fresh food.
But due to fruit's natural sweetness, there has previously been uncertainty around effects of its sugar content on diabetics.
The study revealed that people without diabetes who eat fruit every day stand a lower chance of developing the condition.
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Results highlighted a 12 per cent lower relative risk of developing diabetes, compared to those test subjects who never or rarely ate fresh fruit.
It also showed that people with diabetes stand less change of dying from the condition. They also develop a lower risk of vascular complications which can lead to amputations.
Diabetic test subjects who ate fruit each day showed a 17 per cent lower relative risk of dying from complications due to the condition.
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Study member Dr Huaidong Du said: "Participants completed a detailed questionnaire interview and underwent physical measurements and blood tests, with their health tracked subsequently for seven years.
"To our knowledge, this is the first large prospective study demonstrating similar inverse associations of fruit consumption with both incident diabetes and diabetic complications.
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"These findings suggest that a higher intake of fresh fruit is Continue reading

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Diabetes, addiction and ageing: The shocking truth about sugar

Diabetes, addiction and ageing: The shocking truth about sugar

Food companies were yesterday accused of ruining the nation's health by adding too much sugar to our foods. It's blamed for fuelling the obesity crisis, which is linked to a host of killer diseases, and one expert claims sugar is "the new tobacco". We reveal the shocking facts about the white stuff.
* Sugar was first imported to Britain in the 14th century from plantations in Madeira. Later it began to arrive from colonies in the Caribbean and was sold in loaf or cone form. Imports really took off in the 18th century but sugar remained an expensive luxury, costing the equivalent today of £50 a pound. But as more plantations were opened prices fell and sugar became a source of energy for the poor, replacing honey as a sweetener.
* The average Briton consumes 150lb of sugar every year. That's equivalent to about 34 teaspoons a day and is thought to be 20 times more than in the 1700s.
* Most of us don't realise how much sugar we're eating or where it comes from because it takes so many different forms and is present in so many everyday foods. Sugar occurs naturally in fruit but is added to biscuits, cakes, fizzy drinks and sweets during the manufacturing process.
All types of sugar can make us fat but we're encouraged to eat fruit because it also contains other important nutrients. Added sugars give us energy but have no nutrients. Experts say any more than 15 teaspoons of all types of sugar a day is unhealthy.
* Drinks often push up our sugar levels. A can of Pepsi or Coca Cola contains 9 teaspoons of sugar, while a tall Starbucks caramel frappuccino with whipped cream conta Continue reading

Diabetes could cause up to 12% of US deaths

Diabetes could cause up to 12% of US deaths

The proportion of deaths attributable to diabetes in the US is as high as 12 percent—three times higher than estimates based on death certificates suggest—a new analysis shows.
For a new study, published in PLOS ONE, researchers used two large datasets that included more than 300,000 people to estimate the fraction of deaths attributable to diabetes among people ages 30 to 84 between 1997 and 2011. To come up with the estimates, researchers calculated the prevalence of diabetes in the population, as well as excess mortality risk among people with diabetes over five years of follow up.
The proportion of deaths attributable to diabetes was estimated to be 11.5 percent using one dataset—the National Health Interview Study (NHIS)—and 11.7 percent using the other—the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Among the subgroups examined, the attributable fraction was highest among individuals with obesity (19.4 percent).
The proportion of deaths overall was significantly higher than the 3.3 to 3.7 percent of deaths in which diabetes is identified on death certificates as the underlying cause.
“The frequency with which diabetes is listed as the underlying cause of death is not a reliable indicator of its actual contribution to the national mortality profile,” writes Andrew Stokes, assistant professor of global health at Boston University School of Public Health, and Samuel Preston, professor of sociology and a researcher with the Population Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania.
They say their analysis indicates that diabetes was the thir Continue reading

Diabetes: Sudden cardiac death risk sevenfold higher in young people

Diabetes: Sudden cardiac death risk sevenfold higher in young people

The preliminary findings of a study from Denmark suggest that children and young adults with diabetes may have seven times the risk of sudden cardiac death of young people without it.
The study — led by researchers at Copenhagen University Hospital in Denmark — was presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2017, held this week in Anaheim, CA.
Its findings also revealed that children and young adults with diabetes may have eight times the risk of dying from any type of heart disease compared with peers without diabetes.
The researchers suggest that the reason for the raised risk might be because diabetes causes abnormalities in blood vessels.
"Although we have become better at helping people manage both type 1 and type 2 diabetes," says study contributor Jesper Svane, a postgraduate medical research student at Copenhagen University Hospital, "it is still associated with increased risk of death, especially among young people."
Sudden cardiac death
Sudden cardiac death is that which occurs as a result of sudden cardiac arrest, a deadly condition wherein the heart suddenly stops pumping and cannot send blood to the lungs, brain, and other organs.
It results in an almost instant loss of pulse and consciousness, followed by certain death within minutes if the affected person does not receive immediate treatment.
The trigger for sudden cardiac arrest is thought to be an abrupt malfunction in the heart's electrical system, which maintains the steady rhythm of pumping essential for effective blood circulation. Such a malfunction gives rise to irregular he Continue reading

Type 2 diabetes: Sponge implants may reduce blood sugar and weight gain

Type 2 diabetes: Sponge implants may reduce blood sugar and weight gain

In a search for new treatments for type 2 diabetes, researchers have discovered that implanting polymer sponges into fat tissue might offer a way forward.
So suggests new research from the University of South Carolina (USC) in Columbia that is featuring at the American Chemical Society's 254th National Meeting & Exposition, held in Washington, D.C.
The team found that 3 weeks after receiving polymer sponge implants in their fatty abdomens, obese mice with type 2 diabetes fed on a high-fat diet gained less weight and had lower levels of blood sugar than untreated equivalent mice.
Diabetes is a long-lasting disease that develops when the body either does not make enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or cannot use insulin effectively (type 2 diabetes).
Insulin is a hormone that helps cells to take up sugar from the blood so they can use it for energy. Major tissues and organs, such as the liver, brain, and skeletal muscles, need lots of blood sugar to work properly.
If untreated, diabetes can result in vision loss, heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and other health problems, due to damage caused by excess glucose in the bloodstream.
Body fat is an 'active organ'
Around 30.3 million people in the United States have diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes. Approximately 95 percent of them have type 2 diabetes.
The number of U.S. adults with diabetes has more than tripled in the past 20 years, largely as a result of an aging population and rising numbers of overweight and obese people.
As yet there is no cure for diabetes, and current treatments depend heavily on patients' ability to Continue reading

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