Diabetes Rates Rising Fastest Among Minority Youth
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes rates continually grew among all U.S. youth, and most notably among racial and ethnic minority groups, researchers reported.
Type 1 diabetes rates among U.S. youth showed an adjusted relative incidence increase by 1.8% annually between 2002 and 2012 (P<0.001), while type 2 diabetes increased by 4.8% annually (P<0.001), reported Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, PhD, chair of the Department of Nutrition at the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Public Health in Chapel Hill, and colleagues in the study, online in The New England Journal of Medicine,.
Using an unadjusted model, the researchers found that the annual estimated incidence rates of type 1 diabetes grew by 1.4%, rising from 19.5 cases for each 100,000 youth annually between 2002 to 2003, up to 21.7 cases per 100,000 youth annually between 2011 to 2012 (P=0.03). Estimated incidence rates for type 2 diabetes among U.S. youth increased by 7.1% during this time period in an unadjusted model, growing from 9 cases per 100,000 youth annually during 2002 to 2003, up to 12.5 cases per 100,000 annually between 2011 to 2012 (P<0.001 for trend across race/ethnic group, sex, and age subgroups).
"Data on the trends in incidence are needed to understand the current and potential burden of diabetes more fully," Mayer-Davis and co-authors wrote, referring to the type 1 and type 2 diabetes comorbidities and complications as a "substantial clinical and public health burden."
The findings come from a recent analysis from the multicenter, ongoing SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study, which plans to continue Continue reading