Diabetes Rates Rise Among US Youth, Especially Minorities
The gap in disease incidence among ethnic groups demands a policy response, say experts who weighed in on the SEARCH data.
Results from the first decade a major study by the CDC and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) show diabetes incidence is rising rapidly among US youth, but especially among racial and ethnic minorities.
The findings from the Search for Diabetes in Youth Study (SEARCH), which began in 2000 and will continue until at least 2020,1 were published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) in mid-April,2 and were consistent with a claims study reported by FAIR Health earlier this year.
The study is the first to analyze trends in new cases of both type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) among US youth younger than age 20 across 5 ethnic groups: non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, and Native Americans.
While the findings were not quite a surprise, the gap in disease incidence among ethnic groups, and the trends in the Hispanic population in particular, demand policy responses and increased levels of research, according to several experts who contacted Evidence-Based Diabetes Management™ (EBDM™).
The current findings report data from 2002-2003 to 2011-2012, and found the unadjusted incidence of T1D cases rose significantly by about 1.4% per year, but rates varied by demographic characteristics. For instance, new cases increased much more among boys than girls. After adjusting for age, sex, and race or ethnic group, the researchers found a 1.8% relative annual increase in T1D incidence. They Continue reading