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Diabetes Mellitus Case Study

Diabetes Mellitus Case Study

Diabetes Mellitus Case Study

INTRODUCTION:
Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin or cells stop responding to the insulin that is produced, so that glucose in the blood cannot be absorbed into the cells of the body. Symptoms include frequent urination, lethargy, excessive thirst, and hunger. The treatment includes changes in diet, oral medications, and in some cases, daily injections of insulin.
The most common form of diabetes is Type II, It is sometimes called age-onset or adult-onset diabetes, and this form of diabetes occurs most often in people who are overweight and who do not exercise. Type II is considered a milder form of diabetes because of its slow onset (sometimes developing over the course of several years) and because it usually can be controlled with diet and oral medication. The consequences of uncontrolled and untreated Type II diabetes, however, are the just as serious as those for Type I. This form is also called noninsulin-dependent diabetes, a term that is somewhat misleading. Many people with Type II diabetes can control the condition with diet and oral medications, however, insulin injections are sometimes necessary if treatment with diet and oral medication is not working.
The causes of diabetes mellitus are unclear, however, there seem to be both hereditary (genetic factors passed on in families) and environmental factors involved. Research has shown that some people who develop diabetes have common genetic markers. In Type I diabetes, the immune system, the body’s defense system against infection, is believed to be triggered Continue reading

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HGV full of liquid diabetes heralds start of Christmas

HGV full of liquid diabetes heralds start of Christmas

A massive, articulated lorry being used to advertise a corporation has been spotted, which means it’s time to start celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ.
Coca-cola sent their fleet of HGVs out into the world, letting the whole world know that Coca-Cola is for sale, which has been traditionally misinterpreted as being a sign of Christmas.
“Which also means it’s Christmas!” beamed citizen, Simon Williams.
“The calendar, although a traditionally reliable tool for determining the time of year, is absolutely no good to me in determining when to put the tree up.
“Until I see a fleet of soft-drink-filled red lorries set to the backing tune of ‘Holidays Are Coming’ then I’m bound to give an arbitrary bollocking to anybody with a Christmas ringtone.
“But now I’ve seen them, so it’s time to get the decorations up, all while throwing down bottle after bottle of liquid sugar.
“I shall then sit in my festive surroundings, my heart pounding away at a rate you’d usually expect after a 100m sprint. I shan’t sleep for days. Marvellous.” Continue reading

Common diabetes drug linked to vitamin B12 deficiency

Common diabetes drug linked to vitamin B12 deficiency

Metformin therapy used to treat type 2 diabetes is associated with vitamin B12 deficiency, according to research published in the journal Diabetes Care.
Researchers from Emory University in Atlanta analyzed data from about 8,500 adults aged 50 years and older with and without type 2 diabetes.
The study found that 5.8 percent of patients with diabetes using metformin had a biochemical deficiency of vitamin B12. This compares with 2.4 percent of people with diabetes not using metformin and 3.3 percent of people without diabetes.
Researchers found that the patients with diabetes who consumed vitamin B12 supplements did not reduce their biochemical B12 deficiency. However, those without diabetes who took B12 supplements reduced their B12 deficiency by two-thirds.
Symptoms
People with vitamin B12 deficiency experience fatigue, weakness, constipation, loss of appetite, and weight loss. Sometimes they have numbness and tingling in the hand and feet. Other symptoms include poor balance, depression, confusion, dementia, poor memory and soreness of the mouth or tongue.
The most common causes of vitamin B12 deficiency in the general public include vitamin B12 malabsorption from food, pernicious anemia, postsurgical malabsorption, and dietary deficiency. However, the cause of vitamin B12 deficiency is unknown in many cases, according to the National Institutes of Health.
Vitamin B12 in the diet is found in animal products like fish, meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products. Beef liver, clams, trout, and salmon and some of good food sources of vitamin B12.
The vitamin is usually not foun Continue reading

9 Alarming Symptoms Of Diabetes That Should Not Be Ignored

9 Alarming Symptoms Of Diabetes That Should Not Be Ignored

Diabetes is a scary disease with a variety of alarming symptoms.
According to the Center for Disease Control And Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, around 30.3 million people in the United States suffer from diabetes.
That means that almost 10% of our national population is diabetic.
So what exactly is diabetes? According to the Mayo Clinic, “If you have diabetes, no matter what type, it means you have too much glucose in your blood, although the causes may differ. Too much glucose can lead to serious health problems.”
There are two types of chronic diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
In type 1 diabetes, the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, which means the body can’t process sugar properly. Generally, type 1 diabetes appears during childhood or adolescence.
In type 2 diabetes, the body resists insulin or doesn’t produce enough of it. Usually, type 2 diabetes is caused by genetics, but inactivity and excess weight gain may contribute.
Although they’re different, both types of diabetes have some of the same symptoms.
Thumbnail Photo: Flickr / Victor
Symptom #1: Increased Urination
One of the common symptoms of diabetes is increased urination, also known as polyuria.
When sugar builds up in your blood due to diabetes, your kidneys have to work harder to filter out and absorb all the sugar.
If your kidneys become overworked and can’t keep up, the sugar is expelled in your urine — and the sugar drags fluids from the rest of your body with it, explains the Mayo Clinic.
Symptom #2: Increased Thirst
Urinating more Continue reading

American Girl's New Diabetes Kit Is Making Real Girls' Dreams Come True

American Girl's New Diabetes Kit Is Making Real Girls' Dreams Come True

When she was 11 years-old, Anja Busse was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Like many girls her age, Busse loved American Girl dolls. And like many girls, Busse wanted her dolls to mirror her real-life, awesome self.
"I have two American Girl dolls, but there's no diabetic supplies so they look just like me," Busse, now 13, said in a powerful video from January 2014. "It's very weird for me because I want my dolls to be just like me."
So, Busse started a petition asking American Girl to sell an insulin pump and diabetic accessories. Two years and over 4,000 signatures later, American Girl finally listened up. As of Jan. 1, the Diabetes Care Kit for Dolls is available for purchase in stores and online for $24.
Busse and her mom, Ingrid, delivered the happy news on their Facebook page, Diabetic American Girl, in late December:
"I know if they do this, it'll make thousands of diabetic girls happy," Busse said in her initial 2014 video. She was 100% right. The proof is in the comments:
There's an entire Facebook album, titled "Dolls With Diabetes," demonstrating how much girls appreciate the new addition to American Girl's catalog. Hats off to Busse and her supporters for making this much-needed doll accessory a reality!
H/T Huffington Post Continue reading

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