Diabetes Complications Trigger Stroke And Impotence – Medical Expert
A professor of medicine and consultant physician/endocrinologist at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Dr. Anthonia Ogbera, talks about diabetes mellitus and how to avoid it.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are abnormally high because the body does not produce enough insulin to meet its needs.
With a population of over 170 million people, Nigeria is the largest country in Africa and accounts for one sixth of Africa’s population. Diabetes mellitus is on the increase and assuming pandemic proportions. The latest estimates from IDF Diabetes Atlas indicate that 382 million people are living with diabetes mellitus worldwide and that by 2035, this figure will be doubled. The bad news is that much of this increase in numbers will be documented in the developing countries of the world like Nigeria.
Unfortunately, Nigeria, like most developing countries, is experiencing a rapid epidemiological transition with the burden of non-communicable diseases like diabetes mellitus and hypertension poised to overwhelm the healthcare system that is already overburdened by HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. Guestimates indicate that currently, about 15 million Nigerians are living with diabetes mellitus as against two million in 1997. The epidemic has grown in parallel with the worldwide rise in obesity and it is fuelled by rapid urbanisation, nutrition transition, and increasingly sedentary lifestyles.
What are the types of diabetes?
There are two main types of this disease; they are type 1 diabetes mellitus which has its ons Continue reading