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Diabetes And Your Feet – Foot Health Tips

Diabetes and Your Feet – Foot Health Tips

Diabetes and Your Feet – Foot Health Tips

Making the Connection & Tips on Preventing Complications
Diabetes affects the lives of more than 9 million Canadians. Many people have diabetes and don’t even know it! Diabetes is the inability for the body to make or properly use insulin, and it impairs the body’s ability to convert sugars, starches and other foods into energy. The long-term effects of an elevated blood sugar can lead to serious damage of the eyes, heart, kidney, nerves, and feet. Diabetes Canada recommends, at minimum, annual foot screenings for all diabetics and endorses the “CAWC Diabetic Foot Risk Assessment” exam that is always complimentary at all BioPed Footcare Clinics across Canada.
Diabetics who see a Canadian Certified Pedorthist or Registered Chiropodist for their footwear and custom orthotics are less likely to have serious foot complications, which can lead to ulcer, amputation or even death. Keeping your feet in good health, starts with keeping your blood sugar in a healthy and consistent range, as recommended by your family physician.
How does Diabetes affect my feet?
In Diabetic Patients, the storage of blood sugar is affected. This means that the sugar remains in the bloodstream and if consistently high for a period of months or years, it can begin to attack small blood vessels and nerves. The smallest of them are found in our feet and therefore, tend to be affected first. A Diabetic’s feet may be painful, cold or change colour and this can be a sign of blood vessel disease. They may begin to detect a burning, tingling (pins & needles) or numbness in the feet that lasts all day Continue reading

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Why People With Diabetes Should Avoid Meal Skipping

Why People With Diabetes Should Avoid Meal Skipping

The diet industry earns about $65 million per year by helping people lose weight. If you are a constant "dieter" and are still not getting the results you need, you might be lured into trying the next step. Why not skip meals to shed pounds? You'd save money and lose weight, right? Skipping meals is definitely not the answer. In fact, skipping meals is one of the worst things you can do, especially if you have diabetes.
It's one thing to skip a meal because you are busy or something came up unexpectedly, but you should not skip meals intentionally.
The Negative Effects of Skipping Meals
If you are someone with diabetes, it is important to eat regular, balanced meals to help stabilize your blood sugars. If you take an oral diabetes medicine that tells your pancreas to make insulin or actual insulin and you delay or skip a meal, your blood sugar can drop. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)—defined as anything less than 70mg/dL—must be treated with 15g of fast-acting carbohydrate to bring blood sugars to a safe level. Low blood sugars result in taking in extra calories from sugar to pick them up. For someone who is trying to lose weight, this doesn't make sense because not only are you taking in extra calories, but you are probably feeling pretty crummy too. Frequent bouts of low blood sugar are not only dangerous but can cause weight gain.
Skipping a meal doesn't mean you can eat more later, either. For example, if you skip lunch, you shouldn't go overboard with the carbohydrates at dinner to make up for it. When you ingest a large meal, rich in carbohydrates, the body must p Continue reading

Signs & Treatments for Hypoglycemia in Diabetic Pets

Signs & Treatments for Hypoglycemia in Diabetic Pets

Sometimes it’s good to go back to basic diabetes topics. Many of our readers are very educated in diabetic pet care, but I need to remind myself that we get new readers all the time. One of the greater concerns of treating diabetes, as we aim to achieve the proper insulin dosage, is hypoglycemia. If we accidentally expose the pet to too much insulin because a pet doesn’t eat as much as usual, or perhaps even vomits, then we could end up with a low blood glucose. Or, if we start at too high of an insulin dosage we could cause the blood glucose to go too low. I like to “sneak up” on the insulin dosage when we start a pet on insulin for this very reason. It’s good for pet owners to know how hypoglycemia might look and what to do in this event.
Before we talk about what is low blood glucose, let’s first discuss what a normal blood glucose level is.
The normal range for blood glucose in dogs and cats depends on several things. If the pet is at home, where white coat syndrome doesn’t play a role, a pet’s blood glucose is usually around 100 mg/dl, give or take a 30 points or so, for NON-diabetic pets. I think reference labs take stress hyperglycemia, anxiety while at the vet clinic, into account when they make their “normal range” for dogs and cats. One of the largest reference laboratories in veterinary medicine in America is Antech Labs. For dogs, the reference range for blood glucose at Antech is 70 to 138. For cats the normal reference range for blood glucose at Antech is 64 to 170. Cats are a bit more prone to stress hyperglycemia than dogs but it can happ Continue reading

Diabetes and heart disease linked by genes, study reveals

Diabetes and heart disease linked by genes, study reveals

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has become a global epidemic affecting more than 380 million people worldwide; yet there are knowledge gaps in understanding the etiology of type-2 diabetes. T2D is also a significant risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD), but the biological pathways that explain the connection have remained somewhat murky. Now, in a large analysis of genetic data, published on August 28, 2017 in Nature Genetics, a team, led by researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has first looked into what causes T2D and second clarified how T2D and CHD - the two diseases that are the leading cause of global morbidity and mortality, are linked.
Examining genome sequence information for more than 250,000 people, the researchers first uncovered 16 new diabetes genetic risk factors, and one new CHD genetic risk factor; hence providing novel insights about the mechanisms of the two diseases. They then showed that most of the sites on the genome known to be associated with higher diabetes risk are also associated with higher CHD risk. For eight of these sites, the researchers were able to identify a specific gene variant that influences risk for both diseases. The shared genetic risk factors affect biological pathways including immunity, cell proliferation, and heart development.
The findings add to the basic scientific understanding of both these major diseases and point to potential targets for future drugs.
"Identifying these gene variants linked to both type 2 diabetes and CHD risk in principle opens up opportunities to lower the risk Continue reading

7 New Ways to Make Sweet Potatoes Part of Your Diabetes Diet

7 New Ways to Make Sweet Potatoes Part of Your Diabetes Diet

Sweet potatoes are one of the most popular foods for diabetes on EverdayHealth.com, and with good reason.
The root vegetable is higher in fiber than its regular-potato cousin. Fiber cannot be digested by the human body, so it provides bulk without adding calories and helps keep you fuller for longer. “Sweet potatoes have many health benefits,” notes Sylvia White, RD, CDE, a dietitian in private practice in Memphis, Tennessee. “They are anti-inflammatory and have antioxidants that help prevent diseases. This includes heart disease, the number one cause of death in people with diabetes.”
Sweet potatoes are also an excellent source of vitamin A. “This vitamin may help improve the function of our pancreatic beta cells,” says Lori Zanini, RD, CDE, the creator of the online training program For the Love of Diabetes, based in Manhattan Beach, California. This is significant because beta cells produce, store, and release insulin, according to the British diabetes association Diabetes.co.uk.
When it comes to preparing sweet potatoes, you may want to opt for boiled when you can, suggests a small study published in September 2011 in the Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. In the study, volunteers ate sweet potatoes that were roasted, baked, fried, or boiled. Boiled sweet potatoes have the lowest glycemic index value, meaning they won’t quickly spike your blood sugar. Baked and roasted sweet potatoes have the highest glycemic index values.
7 Tips and Tricks for Preparing Sweet Potatoes if You Have Diabetes
If you have diabetes, you can eat sweet potatoes daily — as lon Continue reading

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