Deaths Among People With Diabetes In Australia 2009–2014

Deaths among people with diabetes in Australia 2009–2014

Deaths among people with diabetes in Australia 2009–2014

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) has released this report which highlights that death rates for people with diabetes are almost double those of other Australians and that people with diabetes are more likely to die prematurely. Between 2009 and 2014, death rates fell by 20 per cent for people with type 1 diabetes but rose by 10 per cent for those with type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes and its complications are major causes of illness, disability and death in Australia. People with diabetes are more likely to die prematurely than people without diabetes.
This report examines the 156,000 deaths that occurred between 2009 and 2014 among 1.3 million Australians with diagnosed type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Specifically, data from the National Diabetes Services Scheme and the National Death Index were combined to look at causes of death and death rates for people with diabetes compared with the general population.
Creating a comprehensive picture of diabetes-related deaths is important for population-based prevention strategies and could help to improve care for all people with diabetes.
Death rates for people with diabetes almost double that of other Australians
Compared with the Australian population, death rates for people with diabetes were nearly twice as high for those with type 1 diabetes in 2012-2014, and 1.6 times as high for those with type 2 diabetes in 2014.
This higher mortality was apparent across sex, age, socioeconomic status and remoteness (for type 2 diabetes only) groups.
The disparity in death rates between people with diabetes and the general popul Continue reading

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Caring for A Dog With Diabetes

Caring for A Dog With Diabetes

I adopted my first dog, a scruffy 10-pound terrier mix named Frankie, when I was an adult and fairly clueless about all things canine. I wasn’t really prepared to care for the cute but alien creature that had entered my home, and I definitely wasn’t anticipating that, a few years down the road, I would be meeting the needs of a dog with diabetes. By then, however, I was completely besotted with him.
I’d liked dogs – or at least the idea of them – since I was a kid, but had never had much interaction with them. I grew up in a small Brooklyn apartment with a mother who feared all creatures great and small. None of my childhood friends had dogs either. Our urban Flatbush neighborhood was a far cry from Lassie country.
It wasn’t until I moved from New York and settled into a house with a large yard in Tucson that I gave in to my vague hankerings for canine companionship- not to mention to the nudgings of a dog rescuer friend, who emailed me a picture of a cute, disheveled pup who had been found wandering in the streets. The local humane society estimated he was about five years old. He had the sweetest, furry face, large intelligent eyes. I fell harder for him than I’d ever done for a guy on a dating site.
I would like to report that Frankie and I bonded immediately when my rescuer friend left him with me, that as soon as his trusting little face looked into mine, I knew I’d made the right decision. I would like to, but that would be a lie. Frankie’s little face wasn’t trusting; it was terrified.
Pride and obstinacy have their rewards. Slowly, slowly, I won Continue reading

Are Parkinson's Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Linked?

Are Parkinson's Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Linked?

Two seemingly unrelated conditions may have more in common than researchers previously believed. A new study published in the August 2017 issue of The Lancet found that a common diabetes drug could affect the progression of Parkinson’s disease.
Parkinson’s disease, a neurodegenerative disorder that slowly limits a person's ability to control his or her movements, affects about 1 million people in the United States, according to the Parkinson’s Disease Foundation. The study authors of the Lancet article set out to find alternative treatments that could slow down disease advancement.
“All of the current treatments we have for Parkinson’s disease help manage the symptoms but don’t affect the progressive nature of the underlying disease,” explains one of the study's coauthors, Dilan Athauda, a bachelor of medicine and bachelor of surgery, a clinical researcher at the University College London, and a member of the Royal College of Physicians.
The research team set out to examine exenatide, an injection that treats type 2 diabetes by activating a gene that helps your body release insulin. It also slows down how fast your stomach empties after eating, which helps steady blood sugar. Animal studies suggest that this drug may also protect brain cells by activating these same receptors, boosting learning and memory, the researchers note.
The current study was a randomized, placebo-controlled trial, which has long been considered the gold standard in medical research. Half of human study subjects received placebo injections, while the other half got exenatide injections. Continue reading

Preventing Diabetes Really Comes Down To A Few Simple Dietary Changes

Preventing Diabetes Really Comes Down To A Few Simple Dietary Changes

What are the steps to be taken to overcome diabetes? originally appeared on Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world.
Diabetes is a complex disease. There are many different types of diabetes including Type 1, Type 2, Pre-diabetes and gestational. The information here pertains to Type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes. The most significant changes you can make are:
Avoid highly processed foods
People are consuming the greatest quantity of processed foods now more than any other time in history. However, most people don’t even know how dangerous they are. Recent studies show that processed foods are linked to many common diseases including diabetes, heart disease, certain cancers, and obesity. Can you believe so many diseases can come from the foods you eat? The processed foods I am talking about are anything made with white flour, artificial sweeteners, cakes, cookies, pastries, breakfast cereals, soft drinks, sugary “fruit” drinks, cheese food, frozen dinners, and processed meat products (sausage, bologna, bacon, packaged ham, etc.), canned food, and refined sugars (including high fructose corn syrup). Most processed foods are stripped of all nutrients and are high in sugar, fat, salt and calories.
Avoid red meat and most animal products
In addition to avoiding highly processed foods, eating fewer animal products will have a huge impact on your health. Eating fewer animal products is the key to preventing chronic diseases including obesity, heart disease and Type 2 diabetes because animal products Continue reading

FDA OKs Two Medicines for Cardiovascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetes

FDA OKs Two Medicines for Cardiovascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetes

People with diabetes have two to three times the increased risk for cardiovascular disease and death as those in the general population. Cardiovascular disease also accounts for two out of every three deaths in those with diabetes.
For people with Type 2 diabetes and pre-existing heart disease, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved a change in the prescribing information for Jardiance (generic name empagliflozin) and Victoza (liraglutide), indicating they can be used to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in this group. Empagliflozin received an indication to only reduce cardiac death. Liraglutide received a broader indication, including reduction of heart attack, stroke, and death.
FDA Requires heart disease outcomes research
“Until 2008, the FDA approved diabetes medications based only their effects on blood sugar and evidence that they were reasonably safe,” said Steven Nissen, MD, chair of cardiovascular medicine at the Cleveland Clinic. “Since then, they have required the performance of additional trials focusing on cardiovascular disease outcomes.”
Most of the research on cardiovascular disease onoutcomes from Type 2 diabetes medications has shown limited or no benefits for the heart. So far, these are the only two exceptions, leading to the changes in prescribing information.
“The FDA staff and their committees thought that the evidence was sufficiently robust to warrant a label claim,” said Nissen. “From the point of view of the patients, this is a big deal because it means after decades of drug development, we have drugs for d Continue reading

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