A Visual Guide to Type 1 Diabetes
What Is It?
When you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas can’t make insulin. This vital hormone helps your body's cells convert sugar into energy. Without it, sugar builds up in your blood and can reach dangerous levels. To avoid life-threatening complications, people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin for their entire lives.
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes tend to come on suddenly and may include:
Feeling more thirsty than usual
Peeing a lot
As blood sugar levels remain high, type 1 diabetes often leads to:
Lack of energy, drowsiness
Many people with type 1 diabetes get uncomfortable skin conditions, including:
Itching, dry skin, poor circulation
Girls with type 1 diabetes are more likely to have genital yeast infections. Babies can get candidiasis, a severe form of diaper rash caused by yeast. It can easily spread from the diaper area to the thighs and stomach.
When blood sugar isn't controlled, type 1 diabetes can cause more serious symptoms, like:
Numbness or tingling in the feet
Low blood sugar (called hypoglycemia)
If your blood sugar gets too high or too low, you could go into a diabetic coma. You may not have any warning signs before this happens. You will need to get emergency treatment.
Without treatment, type 1 diabetes deprives your cells of the sugar they need for energy. Your body starts burning fat instead, which causes ketones to build up in the blood. These are acids that can poison your body. This plus other changes in your blood can Continue reading