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10 Low-Glycemic Fruits For Diabetes

10 Low-Glycemic Fruits for Diabetes

10 Low-Glycemic Fruits for Diabetes

We humans come by our sweet tooth naturally — Our bodies need carbohydrates because they provide energy to cells. But for the body to be able to use it for energy, we need insulin.
When our bodies don’t produce any insulin or are unable to use it (type 1 diabetes) or make enough of it properly (type 2 diabetes), we’re at risk for high blood sugar levels. High levels can lead to chronic complications such as nerve, eye, or kidney damage.
The glycemic index (GI) tells you how quickly foods containing carbohydrates affect your blood sugar level when eaten by themselves. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), GI scores are rated as:
Low: 55 or below
Moderate: 56 to 69
High: 70 and above
The lower the GI score, the more slowly the rise in blood sugar, which can help the body better manage post-meal changes.
Most whole fruits have a low to moderate GI. Many fruits are also packed with vitamins A and C, as well as fiber.
A more useful estimation of the food-blood sugar effect is the glycemic load (GL), which has more narrow categories of low, medium and high foods. This calculation takes into account the GI, plus the grams of carbohydrates per serving of the food.
Though each person living with diabetes responds to or tolerates carbohydrate choices and amounts differently, GL better estimates the possible real-life impact when someone eats a particular food.
To calculate the GL yourself, use this equation: GL equals the GI, multiplied by the grams of carbohydrates, divided by 100.
Low: 0 to 10
Moderate: 11 to 19
High: 20 and above
GI score: 20
GL score: 6
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Awareness of Type 3C Diabetes and Why It Is Misdiagnosed

Awareness of Type 3C Diabetes and Why It Is Misdiagnosed

Diabetes has long been divided into type 1 and type 2. But a third type has entered the mix — and we aren’t diagnosing it correctly.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce insulin and is usually diagnosed at a young age. Type 2 diabetes shows up later in life when the pancreas can’t make enough insulin to keep up with the body. This new third type, Type 3c, starts with a damaged pancreas.
The researchers say that pancreatitis is leading to misdiagnoses of type 2 diabetes in people who actually have type 3c diabetes. A new study involving two million people has found 97.3% of those who had previously suffered from pancreatic disease (acute pancreatitis or chronic pancreatic disease) had been wrongly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes when, in fact, they actually had type 3c diabetes, despite a sevenfold increased insulin requirement within 5 years, by which time 45.8% of patients with diabetes following chronic pancreatic disease are using insulin.
Type 3c diabetes, also known as pancreatogenic diabetes, is not as well known compared to type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It develops when the pancreas becomes inflamed, or part of it is removed and eventually stops producing insulin.
A recent study from the American Diabetes Association found only 3 percent of people with type 3c have actually received a correct diagnosis. These misdiagnoses mean people with type 3c might not be getting effective treatments. People diagnosed with type 3c require insulin, but may also benefit from taking digestive enzyme tablets, one of the study’s researchers wrote. That alter Continue reading

Pancreatogenic (Type 3c) Diabetes

Pancreatogenic (Type 3c) Diabetes

1. Definition
Pancreatogenic diabetes is a form of secondary diabetes, specifically that associated with disease of the exocrine pancreas. The most common disease of the exocrine pancreas associated with the development of diabetes is chronic pancreatitis. Analogous to chronic pancreatitis-associated diabetes is cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD), in which pancreatic exocrine insufficiency pre-dates the pancreatic endocrine insufficiency responsible for the development of diabetes. Because diabetes in cystic fibrosis is associated with worse nutritional status, more severe inflammatory lung disease, and greater mortality from respiratory failure, CFRD has long been recognized as a distinct form of diabetes requiring a specified approach to evaluation and treatment (30) now recognized by the American Diabetes Association (28). While the distinct pathogenesis of diabetes in chronic pancreatitis has also long been appreciated, only recently have guidelines been developed supporting a specified diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm (37). Finally, other less common forms of pancreatogenic diabetes exist, such as that due to pancreatic cancer (18), as well as post-pancreatectomy diabetes, with each requiring individualized approaches to care.
2. Classification
Pancreatogenic diabetes is classified by the American Diabetes Association and by the World Health Organization as type 3c diabetes mellitus (T3cDM) and refers to diabetes due to impairment in pancreatic endocrine function related to pancreatic exocrine damage due to acute, relapsing and chronic pancreatitis (of any eti Continue reading

CONVERSATIONS

CONVERSATIONS

A Sweet Life
A diabetes-friendly diet calls for healthy carbohydrates, such as fruits and vegetables, and an eschewing of sodium, saturated fats and trans fats. One might think that this poses a problem when it comes time for dessert, but with some careful planning, desserts for those suffering from this disease can be as tasty as they are healthy.
Generally speaking, baked goods are super-high in trans fats, no thanks to cups upon cups of white sugar, and sticks upon sticks of butter. But replacing these less-than-ideal ingredients with healthier alternatives is easy.
Diabetic desserts often include dates, oats, and peanut butter. And don’t fret: chocolate is definitely not off-limits. We put together the best diabetes-friendly desserts we could find on diabetic food blogs. Check it out!: Continue reading

Why having more friends reduces your risk of type 2 diabetes

Why having more friends reduces your risk of type 2 diabetes

Loneliness has reached epidemic proportions. This year, former U.S. surgeon general Vivek Murthy wrote that “loneliness and weak social connections are associated with a reduction in lifespan similar to that caused by smoking 15 cigarettes a day and even greater than that associated with obesity.” Social isolation takes a toll on the body, with scientists previously spotting links to the development of hypertension, an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease and a propensity in general toward premature death.
To add to this growing list, researchers at the Maastricht University Medical Center in the Netherlands found that people with larger social groups receive fewer type 2 diabetes diagnoses compared to socially isolated people. This research, published Monday in the journal BMC Public Health, suggests that promoting social interaction could prevent or treat type 2 diabetes.
“Most diabetes prevention efforts focus on becoming more physically active or modifying one’s diet, which are hard to achieve,” Miranda Schram, an epidemiologist at Maastricht University and study co-author, told PBS NewsHour. “So we wanted to look for effective, alternative strategies that can be used for intervention.”
To look for a connection between social interaction and diabetes, the research team needed to study a large-scale population. Luckily, the ongoing Maastricht Study–a comprehensive search for genetic and environmental risk factors involved in type 2 diabetes –shared 2,861 of its participants. The group, aged 40 to 75, hailed from the southern Netherlands.
Forty-three Continue reading

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