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10 Early Warning Signs Of Diabetes You Should Not Ignore

10 Early Warning Signs of Diabetes You Should Not Ignore

10 Early Warning Signs of Diabetes You Should Not Ignore

Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. As of 2014, about 387 million people worldwide suffered from diabetes.
Diabetes occurs when the pancreas is either not producing enough insulin or the cells are not able to respond properly to the insulin produced. There are three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes: Also known as juvenile diabetes, it occurs when the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin.
It is considered an autoimmune disease. Factors that increase the risk of Type 1 diabetes are family history, exposure to viral illnesses, the presence of damaging immune system cells in the body, and low vitamin D levels.
Type 2 diabetes: This is the most common type of diabetes and occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to regulate the blood sugar or the cells are not able to use the insulin properly.
Obesity, an inactive lifestyle, family history, aging, history of gestational diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, high blood pressure, and abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels are some common risk factors for this type of diabetes.
Gestational diabetes: This occurs during or after pregnancy without any prior history of diabetes. Women older than age 25 and those who are African-American, Hispanic, American Indian or Asian are at a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes.
Family or personal history of this type of diabetes and obesity also increase a person’s risk.
As of 2014, about 90 percent of diabetic people had Type 2 diabetes, representing Continue reading

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4. Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes

4. Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes

Patients with prediabetes should be referred to an intensive diet and physical activity behavioral counseling program adhering to the tenets of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) targeting a loss of 7% of body weight and should increase their moderate-intensity physical activity (such as brisk walking) to at least 150 min/week. A
Follow-up counseling and maintenance programs should be offered for long-term success in preventing diabetes. B
Based on the cost-effectiveness of diabetes prevention, such programs should be covered by third-party payers. B
Metformin therapy for prevention of type 2 diabetes should be considered in those with prediabetes, especially in those with BMI >35 kg/m2, those aged <60 years, and women with prior gestational diabetes mellitus. A
At least annual monitoring for the development of diabetes in those with prediabetes is suggested. E
Screening for and treatment of modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease is suggested. B
Diabetes self-management education and support programs are appropriate venues for people with prediabetes to receive education and support to develop and maintain behaviors that can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. B
Technology-assisted tools including Internet-based social networks, distance learning, DVD-based content, and mobile applications can be useful elements of effective lifestyle modification to prevent diabetes. B
Lifestyle Modification
Randomized controlled trials have shown that individuals at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes (impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or both) Continue reading

Type 3 Diabetes: Scientists Discover Entirely New Form of Disease—And It's Being Misdiagnosed

Type 3 Diabetes: Scientists Discover Entirely New Form of Disease—And It's Being Misdiagnosed

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.
Most people are familiar with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Recently, though, a new type of diabetes has been identified: type 3c.
Type 1 diabetes is where the body’s immune system destroys the insulin producing cells of the pancreas. It usually starts in childhood or early adulthood and almost always needs insulin treatment. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas can’t keep up with the insulin demand of the body. It is often associated with being overweight or obese and usually starts in middle or old age, although the age of onset is decreasing.
Type 3c diabetes is caused by damage to the pancreas from inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), tumours of the pancreas, or pancreatic surgery. This type of damage to the pancreas not only impairs the organ’s ability to produce insulin but also to produce the proteins needed to digest food (digestive enzymes) and other hormones.
However, our latest study has revealed that most cases of type 3c diabetes are being wrongly diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. Only three percent of the people in our sample—of more than 2 million—were correctly identified as having type 3c diabetes.
Small studies in specialist centers have found that most people with type 3c diabetes need insulin and, unlike with other diabetes types, can also benefit from taking digestive enzymes with food. These are taken as a tablet with meals and snacks.
Researchers and specialist doctors have recently become concerned that type 3c diabetes might be much more common than Continue reading

Beer and Diabetes: Can Diabetics Drink Beer? Know the Facts

Beer and Diabetes: Can Diabetics Drink Beer? Know the Facts

A disease which is slowly become rampant all across the globe, Diabetes is caused either due to the lack of proper production of insulin by the pancreas or due to the improper use of insulin in the human body. This gives rise to the blood sugar level or the glucose level in the body.
The disease is often associated with a host of other complications as well and as such, diabetes is something that needs to be taken care off. Experts have often recommended a well-regulated lifestyle and diet to tackle the problem. One such regulation is the amount of beer consumption. The presence of alcohol in beer is often known to create high blood sugar levels. It also adversely affects the metabolism of the body.
In this article, we try to find out the relation between diabetes and beer consumption. We shall delve deep and analyze whether it is safe to consume beer for a diabetes patient. Join in for the article ‘Beer and Diabetes: Can Diabetics Drink Beer? Know the Facts’.
The thing with Beer and Diabetes
Many people often ask the question whether the beer is something which should be consumed by a diabetes patient. While some people argue that beer should be avoided completely, others are of the view that after taking a few precautionary measures, beer can be had in a reasonable amount.
However, if the amount of beer consumed increases and the precautionary measures are all ignored, drinking beer could be highly harmful to a person suffering from diabetes. In the following paragraphs, we delve deeper into the same and find out some facts related to diabetes and beer and whether it Continue reading

Diabetes drugs cost NHS nearly £1bn a year

Diabetes drugs cost NHS nearly £1bn a year

The cost to the NHS of prescribing drugs for diabetes has soared to almost £1bn a year, as the number of people diagnosed with the disease has risen sharply alongside the surge in obesity.
The NHS in England spent £956.7m on drugs last year prescribed by GPs, nurses and pharmacists to treat and manage the condition. That sum represents 10.6% of the cost of all prescriptions issued by NHS primary care services in 2015-16.
The health service now spends more on medication for type 1 and type 2 diabetes than for any other ailment. The number of diabetics across the UK as a whole has recently risen to more than four million and has increased by 65% over the last 10 years.
The cost of diabetes drugs has almost doubled in a decade, new data from NHS Digital show. That £956.7m was a huge rise on the £513.9m it spent on them in 2005-06 which, at the time, was just 6% of the NHS’s total drugs bill.
Diabetes is thought to cost the NHS about £10bn, once the cost of treatment, including amputation and hospitalisations for life-threatening hypoglycaemic attacks, is included.
Last year a total of 49.7m items were prescribed for diabetes, compared to 27.1m a decade years earlier, when just 53 items were prescribed for every 100 people; that had risen to 91 last year.
Just under nine in 10 (89.1%) diabetics have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, which is closely associated with people’s lifestyles, especially their weight.
However, type 1 diabetes – whose sufferers include Theresa May – is an autoimmune condition. It often emerges in childhood, though the prime minister, 59, Continue reading

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