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Why Is Dka An Emergency

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious problem that can occur in people with diabetes if their body starts to run out of insulin. This causes harmful substances called ketones to build up in the body, which can be life-threatening if not spotted and treated quickly. DKA mainly affects people with type 1 diabetes, but can sometimes occur in people with type 2 diabetes. If you have diabetes, it's important to be aware of the risk and know what to do if DKA occurs. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis Signs of DKA include: needing to pee more than usual being sick breath that smells fruity (like pear drop sweets or nail varnish) deep or fast breathing feeling very tired or sleepy passing out DKA can also cause high blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) and a high level of ketones in your blood or urine, which you can check for using home-testing kits. Symptoms usually develop over 24 hours, but can come on faster. Check your blood sugar and ketone levels Check your blood sugar level if you have symptoms of DKA. If your blood sugar is 11mmol/L or over and you have a blood or urine ketone testing kit, check your ketone level. If you do a blood ketone test: lower than 0.6mmol/L is a normal reading Continue reading >>

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  1. Peter Clark

    As always a history is taken. Laboratory evaluation includes serum glucose, serum electrolytes (with calculation of the anion gap), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and plasma creatinine, urinalysis and urine ketones by dipstick, plasma osmolality, serum ketones (if urine ketones are present). That gives the needed information: diabetes with hyperosmolality and ketosis.

  2. Momina Makin

    If the person comes in with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain(usually children), with a fruity breath, with dehydration and with increased urination and thierst we can suspect DKA

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