diabetestalk.net

Why Does Ketoacidosis Cause Coma

Share on facebook

DKA (Diabetic Ketoacidosis) Vs HHNS (Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome) Tables From Step Up to Medicine (3rd Edition, Agabegi) Here is the link for the Quick Hits =) http://imgur.com/TnJPBmu

Diabetic Ketoacidosis And Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Syndrome

In Brief Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome (HHS) are two acute complications of diabetes that can result in increased morbidity and mortality if not efficiently and effectively treated. Mortality rates are 2–5% for DKA and 15% for HHS, and mortality is usually a consequence of the underlying precipitating cause(s) rather than a result of the metabolic changes of hyperglycemia. Effective standardized treatment protocols, as well as prompt identification and treatment of the precipitating cause, are important factors affecting outcome. The two most common life-threatening complications of diabetes mellitus include diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS). Although there are important differences in their pathogenesis, the basic underlying mechanism for both disorders is a reduction in the net effective concentration of circulating insulin coupled with a concomitant elevation of counterregulatory hormones (glucagon, catecholamines, cortisol, and growth hormone). These hyperglycemic emergencies continue to be important causes of morbidity and mortality among patients with diabetes. DKA is reported to be responsible fo Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. Hans Luijendijk

    Ketosis is a normal metabolic process in your body. If you don't have sufficient glucose in your body, it will turn to burning fat. A process we call ketosis.
    It does not cause kidney damage in healthy people with normal balanced food intake.

  2. -> Continue reading
read more
Share on facebook

We Hard We Fast We Smile Insulin Coma LIMITED SKILLS PUNK Unrelease demo song. THE SKILLSLESS @ 1st Formation are : Cecep : Voice Wempy : Gitar Imam : Gitar Binut : Bass Rahim : Drum

Understanding And Preventing Diabetic Coma

Diabetic coma is a serious, potentially life-threatening complication associated with diabetes. A diabetic coma causes unconsciousness that you cannot awaken from without medical care. Most cases of diabetic coma occur in people with type 1 diabetes. But people with other types of diabetes are also at risk. If you have diabetes, it’s important to learn about diabetic coma, including its causes and symptoms. Doing so will help prevent this dangerous complication and help you get the treatment you need right away. Diabetic coma can occur when blood sugar levels are out of control. It has three main causes: Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia occurs when you don’t have enough glucose, or sugar, in your blood. Low sugar levels can happen to anyone from time to time. If you treat mild to moderate hypoglycemia immediately, it usually resolves without progressing to severe hypoglycemia. People on insulin have the highest risk, though people who take oral diabetes medications that increase insulin levels in the body may also be at risk. Untreated or unresponsive low blood sugars can lead to severe hypoglycemia. This is the most common cause of diabetic coma. You should take extra precautions if Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. Courtney Schumacher

    Ketoacidosis

    Comas

    Medical Treatments

    Medical Conditions and Diseases


    Neuroscience

    Medicine and Healthcare



    Why does Ketoacidosis cause coma? How is it treated?




    1 Answer







    I’m assuming that you do know that ketoacidosis does not have to mean that you have high blood sugar. It means that you have a high level of ketones in your blood, which are usually by-products of your body trying to break down fatty acids for fuel it’s not getting from your food intake.
    It is usually treated with fluids, electrolytes, and insulin. It is much more common in those with type 1 diabetes then type 2, but it can still occur.

    You can look up more specific information on diabetes at the Mayo Clinic site.

    111 Views








    Promoted by PlateJoy


    A weight loss program so good your insurance pays for it.

    Click to see if your insurance participates!




    Learn More at platejoy.com/health








    Related Questions




    How can ketoacidosis cause a coma?


    How does diabetic ketoacidosis cause vomiting?


    Why is there hyperkalemia in diabetic ketoacidosis?


    Can a heart attack cause a coma?


    What causes coma?


    Can antidepressants lead to a coma?


    Can coma cause dimensia?


    What is the cause of ketoacidosis?


    How does diabetic ketoacidosis cause abdominal pain?


    How are sugar induced comas treated?


    Does semi induced comas cause brain damage?


    How is ketoacidosis diagnosis?


    Can a stab wound cause coma?


    What's the difference between diabetic ketoacidosis and starvation ketoacidosis?


    What does it feel like to be in a coma?
    Ask New Question






    Related Questions



    How can ketoacidosis cause a coma?


    How does diabetic ketoacidosis cause vomiting?


    Why is there hyperkalemia in diabetic ketoacidosis?


    Can a heart attack cause a coma?


    What causes coma?


    Can antidepressants lead to a coma?


    Can coma cause dimensia?


    What is the cause of ketoacidosis?


    How does diabetic ketoacidosis cause abdominal pain?


    How are sugar induced comas treated?
    Ask New Question

  2. -> Continue reading
read more
Share on facebook

What is DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS? What does DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS mean? DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS meaning - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS definition - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Signs and symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, deep gasping breathing, increased urination, weakness, confusion, and occasionally loss of consciousness. A person's breath may develop a specific smell. Onset of symptoms is usually rapid. In some cases people may not realize they previously had diabetes. DKA happens most often in those with type 1 diabetes, but can also occur in those with other types of diabetes under certain circumstances. Triggers may include infection, not taking insulin correctly, stroke, and certain medications such as steroids. DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids which produces acidic ketone bodies. DKA is typically diagnosed when testing finds high blood sugar, low blood pH, and ketoacids in either the blood or urine. The primary treatment of DKA is with intravenous fluids and insulin. Depending on the severity, insulin may be given intravenously or by injection under the skin. Usually potassium is also needed to prevent the development of low blood potassium. Throughout treatment blood sugar and potassium levels should be regularly checked. Antibiotics may be required in those with an underlying infection. In those with severely low blood pH, sodium bicarbonate may be given; however, its use is of unclear benefit and typically not recommended. Rates of DKA vary around the world. About 4% of people with type 1 diabetes in United Kingdom develop DKA a year, while in Malaysia the condition affects about 25% a year. DKA was first described in 1886 and, until the introduction of insulin therapy in the 1920s, it was almost universally fatal. The risk of death with adequate and timely treatment is currently around 1–4%. Up to 1% of children with DKA develop a complication known as cerebral edema. The symptoms of an episode of diabetic ketoacidosis usually evolve over a period of about 24 hours. Predominant symptoms are nausea and vomiting, pronounced thirst, excessive urine production and abdominal pain that may be severe. Those who measure their glucose levels themselves may notice hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels). In severe DKA, breathing becomes labored and of a deep, gasping character (a state referred to as "Kussmaul respiration"). The abdomen may be tender to the point that an acute abdomen may be suspected, such as acute pancreatitis, appendicitis or gastrointestinal perforation. Coffee ground vomiting (vomiting of altered blood) occurs in a minority of people; this tends to originate from erosion of the esophagus. In severe DKA, there may be confusion, lethargy, stupor or even coma (a marked decrease in the level of consciousness). On physical examination there is usually clinical evidence of dehydration, such as a dry mouth and decreased skin turgor. If the dehydration is profound enough to cause a decrease in the circulating blood volume, tachycardia (a fast heart rate) and low blood pressure may be observed. Often, a "ketotic" odor is present, which is often described as "fruity", often compared to the smell of pear drops whose scent is a ketone. If Kussmaul respiration is present, this is reflected in an increased respiratory rate.....

Diabetic Emergencies (ketoacidosis And Coma)

The blood glucose (sugar) level is maintained with a narrow range that is sufficient for the cells to have an adequate supply of nutrition for energy production. High glucose levels can damage or even destroy cells over time while low levels will prevent cells from functioning optimally and lead to key systems in the body shutting down. Glucose like all other nutrients are derived from the food we eat. The food is digested and absorbed within the alimentary tract that runs from the mouth to the anus. The stomach and intestines (gastrointestinal tract) are the main sites for digestion and absorption. The nutrients then enter the bloodstream and travel to the liver where it is processed further. Other organs like the pancreas play a role in managing the nutrient levels within the body and its availability to the body’s cells. The pancreas specifically impacts on the blood glucose levels by secreting the hormone insulin which lowers blood glucose levels by promoting the cells to take up more glucose from the bloodstream and stimulating the liver to convert the glucose into other storage forms like glycogen and even fat. What is a diabetic emergency? Diabetes mellitus is a clinical c Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. Courtney Schumacher

    Ketoacidosis

    Comas

    Medical Treatments

    Medical Conditions and Diseases


    Neuroscience

    Medicine and Healthcare



    Why does Ketoacidosis cause coma? How is it treated?




    1 Answer







    I’m assuming that you do know that ketoacidosis does not have to mean that you have high blood sugar. It means that you have a high level of ketones in your blood, which are usually by-products of your body trying to break down fatty acids for fuel it’s not getting from your food intake.
    It is usually treated with fluids, electrolytes, and insulin. It is much more common in those with type 1 diabetes then type 2, but it can still occur.

    You can look up more specific information on diabetes at the Mayo Clinic site.

    111 Views








    Promoted by PlateJoy


    A weight loss program so good your insurance pays for it.

    Click to see if your insurance participates!




    Learn More at platejoy.com/health








    Related Questions




    How can ketoacidosis cause a coma?


    How does diabetic ketoacidosis cause vomiting?


    Why is there hyperkalemia in diabetic ketoacidosis?


    Can a heart attack cause a coma?


    What causes coma?


    Can antidepressants lead to a coma?


    Can coma cause dimensia?


    What is the cause of ketoacidosis?


    How does diabetic ketoacidosis cause abdominal pain?


    How are sugar induced comas treated?


    Does semi induced comas cause brain damage?


    How is ketoacidosis diagnosis?


    Can a stab wound cause coma?


    What's the difference between diabetic ketoacidosis and starvation ketoacidosis?


    What does it feel like to be in a coma?
    Ask New Question






    Related Questions



    How can ketoacidosis cause a coma?


    How does diabetic ketoacidosis cause vomiting?


    Why is there hyperkalemia in diabetic ketoacidosis?


    Can a heart attack cause a coma?


    What causes coma?


    Can antidepressants lead to a coma?


    Can coma cause dimensia?


    What is the cause of ketoacidosis?


    How does diabetic ketoacidosis cause abdominal pain?


    How are sugar induced comas treated?
    Ask New Question

  2. -> Continue reading
read more

No more pages to load

Related Articles

  • Why Ketoacidosis Cause Coma

    Nearly 26 million Americans had diabetes in 2010, and many were not being adequately treated, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most people have heard about the long-term complications of poorly controlled diabetes, such as kidney failure, cardiovascular disease and blindness. People with diabetes can also develop acute complications. If your blood glucose gets too high due to inadequate treatment, or falls too low due ...

    ketosis Jan 16, 2018
  • Difference Between Hepatic Coma And Diabetic Coma

    Hepatic encephalopathy, Hepatic stupor, hepatic coma, porto-systemic encephalopathy, hepato-cerebral encephalopathy Hepatic encephalopathy, Hepatic stupor, hepatic coma, porto-systemic encephalopathy, hepato-cerebral encephalopathy Also known as: Hepatic stupor, hepatic coma, porto-systemic encephalopathy, hepato-cerebral encephalopathy Similar conditions: HE should be differentiated from other similar conditions such as sepsis-associated enceph ...

    diabetes Apr 26, 2018
  • How Ketoacidosis Cause Coma

    Diabetic coma is a medical emergency in which a person with diabetes loses consciousness because of one of the acute complications of diabetes: Advanced ketoacidosis from a combination of severe hyperglycemia, dehydration and shock, and exhaustion Hyperosmolar nonketotic state, in which extreme hyperglycemia and dehydration alone are enough to cause unconsciousness. Coma is a profound state of unconsciousness and a person in coma does not respond ...

    ketosis Jan 3, 2018
  • Difference Between Insulin Coma And Diabetic Coma

    What are the signs and symptoms of diabetes? Signs and symptoms of diabetes include dizziness, headache, intense hunger, aggressive behavior, pale, cold, and clammy skin, and profuse perspiration. Other observable signs may include a staggering gait, clumsy movements, confusion, and a general decrease in performance. Developing safe guidelines for athletes with diabetes. Have a routine medical exam and be cleared for activity Develop a balanced d ...

    insulin Apr 2, 2018
  • Why Does Ketoacidosis Cause Coma

    Author's Sidebar: Every once in a while, I'll get a phone call or an email message from a person, who has a relative in the hospital in a diabetic coma. I can usually tell by the tone in their voice that they are desperate, afraid and uncertain what to do. These types of phone calls are difficult, because there's nothing that I can do to help them. Usually, I suggest that the person make sure that they share as much information that they can abou ...

    ketosis Jan 16, 2018
  • How Does Ketoacidosis Cause Coma

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a buildup of acids in your blood. It can happen when your blood sugar is too high for too long. It could be life-threatening, but it usually takes many hours to become that serious. You can treat it and prevent it, too. It usually happens because your body doesn't have enough insulin. Your cells can't use the sugar in your blood for energy, so they use fat for fuel instead. Burning fat makes acids called ketones and ...

    ketosis Jan 4, 2018

More in ketosis