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What Type Of Breathing Results In Acidosis

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Metabolic Acidosis

Metabolic acidosis occurs when the body produces too much acid. It can also occur when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body. There are several types of metabolic acidosis. Diabetic acidosis develops when acidic substances, known as ketone bodies, build up in the body. This most often occurs with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes. It is also called diabetic ketoacidosis and DKA. Hyperchloremic acidosis results from excessive loss of sodium bicarbonate from the body. This can occur with severe diarrhea. Lactic acidosis results from a buildup of lactic acid. It can be caused by: Alcohol Cancer Exercising intensely Liver failure Medicines, such as salicylates Other causes of metabolic acidosis include: Kidney disease (distal renal tubular acidosis and proximal renal tubular acidosis) Poisoning by aspirin, ethylene glycol (found in antifreeze), or methanol Continue reading >>

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  1. TSHELTON2005

    you will find some information and links in this thread:
    http://allnurses.com/forums/f205/pat...es-145201.html - pathophysiology/a & p/fluid & electrolyte resources (in nursing student assistant forum)
    respiratory acidosis: big symptom to remember is the patients have a lot of trouble breathing because of pulmonary congestion, but note the symptoms of the breathing compared to the breathing symptoms of respiratory alkalosis. you'll hear them say things like, "i can't catch my breath." you see this when there has been chest trauma, airway obstruction, pulmonary edema, drug overdose, neuromuscular diseases and in copd. the basic pathophysiology of this is that the patient is not clearing carbon dioxide from their body. hypoventilation (reduced rate and depth of breathing) causes an increase in carbon dioxide throughout the cells and tissues of the body. the hypoventilation results in pulmonary congestion and airway obstruction which leads to all the breathing difficulties.
    symptoms are:
    ph below 7.35 and pco2 over 45mmhg
    rapid, shallow respirations
    hypoventilation
    dyspnea
    elevated blood pressure
    headache
    hyperkalemia
    disorientation
    elevated cardiac output
    muscle weakness

    hypoxia
    respiratory alkalosis: hyperventilation, rapid rate of breathing, causes too much carbon dioxide to be exhaled and the ph of the body rises. the cardinal sign of respiratory alkalosis is the deep, rapid breathing, more than 40 breaths per minute, that is similar to kussmaul's respirations (seen in metabolic acidosis). this kind of breathing leads to neuromuscular and central nervous system disturbances. this will occur in pulmonary diseases such as asthma, as well as in pregnancy, fever, at high altitudes and with acute anxiety. think of the things that would cause a person to breathe very rapidly and cause large losses of carbon dioxide.
    symptoms are:
    ph elevated above 7.45 and pco2 below 35mmhg
    rapid, deep breathing
    hyperventilation
    agitation
    paresthesias
    seizures
    confusion
    hypokalemia
    lightheadedness
    dizziness

    tingling of the extremitieshope this helps.

  2. TexasTac

    the rome mnemonic has always been helpful to me:
    r respiratory
    o opposite
    ph up pco2 down = alkalosis
    ph down pco2 up = acidosis
    m metabolic
    e equal
    ph up hco2 up = alkalosis
    ph down hcos down = acidosis

  3. Beech1184

    The main thing to remember is that the lungs are the major way we dispose of acid products of metabolism in the form of CO2 and water vapor or CO3. 13,000 meq of acid are excreted versus 50 meq for the kidneys in 24 hrs. Anything that causes hypoventilation will thus cause acidosis. It can be life threatening especially in the very young and the old.
    Respratory alkalosis is usually self limiting and much less common. The most common cause is hysteria.

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