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What Should My Macros Be On Keto?

The Definitive Guide To The Ketogenic Diet

The Definitive Guide To The Ketogenic Diet

If you want to lose weight or build muscle faster and think the ketogenic diet might help, you want to read this article. How did a diet meant for treating epileptic seizures turn into a popular weight loss fad? That’s the story of the ketogenic diet, which was introduced in 1921 by an endocrinologist named Dr. Henry Geyelin. Geyelin, presenting at the annual meeting of the American Medical Association, explained that the ancient Greeks had discovered that fasting was an effective method of managing epileptic seizures. Hippocrates wrote about it and, like Geyelin, found that the seizures would return once eating resumed. Why? What was it about fasting that suppressed the seizures? Well, epileptic seizures are triggered by electrical abnormalities in the brain. The causes can vary, from genetics to brain injury, but more common is chronic inflammation throughout the body. Geyelin found that when people fast, two major changes occur in the blood: glucose levels fall and ketone levels rise. You’ve probably heard of glucose, also known as blood sugar, but not ketones, which are carbon-oxygen molecules produced by the liver that cells can use for energy instead of glucose. This finding fascinated Geyelin and he set out to determine if similar effects could be achieved without starvation. A decade of work proved they could, and the “ketogenic diet,” as it would be later called, was born. The purpose of the ketogenic diet is to maintain a state of ketosis, wherein the body’s primary energy source is ketones, not glucose. Early studies showed it was an extremely effective treatment for seizures, but in 1938, it was eclipsed by the anticonvulsant drug phenytoin. This medication became the standard treatment for epilepsy, effectively retiring the ketogenic diet from cli Continue reading >>

What Are Macros? What They Are & How To Calculate

What Are Macros? What They Are & How To Calculate

What are macros? If you’ve been reading up on the keto diet, you may have stumbled across the term “macros” and wondered what all the fuss is about. It’s thrown around everywhere by well meaning ketoers giving advice to newbies: “If it fits your macros”, “track those macros”, “your macros may be off”, ad nauseum. I’m guilty of it myself. But to someone trying to get started, this can be completely mind-boggling. A quick Google search doesn’t even really help. Is this an advanced function in an Excel worksheet? A fancy camera lense? What in the hell are people talking about? Exactly what are macros? Let me clarify. The term “macros” is short for MACRONUTRIENTS in the context of nutrition and the keto diet. Macronutrients are the energy-giving components of food that fuels our body. They include carbohydrates, protein, and fat; this is where your dietary calories come from. Grasping the concept of macros is important for the keto diet because you need to find the right balance of carbs, protein, and fats to get into ketosis, stay in ketosis, and turn your body into a fat burning machine. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are the only macronutrient that is not essential for survival. There are essential fatty acids and amino acids (the building blocks of fats and proteins), but there is no such thing as “essential carbohydrates”. Carbs are made up of sugars and starches. In order to successfully reach ketosis, you will need to limit your carbohydrate intake. Fiber is also considered a carb, but it doesn’t count towards your total carb tally. The reason for this is that we can’t really digest fiber so it has a minimal impact on your blood sugar. So, what does this mean for you? When you are looking at a nutrition label, look at the line that sa Continue reading >>

Personal Keto Macro Calculator

Personal Keto Macro Calculator

If you are trying to lose weight or struggling to maintain your weight, chances are good you have considered a Ketogenic Diet. While we have believed for years that fats are bad and grains are good, some of us are finally starting to face the facts that the government may have led us astray with the famous food pyramid (gasp…can you believe it). Changing the way you eat can be a scary thing, especially when you have feared certain foods (like fat) for so many years. My suggestion is to take baby steps and learn all you can about how the body processes foods. If you’re interested in learning how many macronutrients you need in your diet, I’m going to share a tutorial you can use the keto macro calculator to find your personal ketogenic diet recommendations. You can modify these results based on your weight loss goals, and as you lose weight, you can go back and edit your results to start maintaining and stop losing weight. I like the Keto Calculator found here, so today we are going to learn how to use it. How To Use The Personal Keto Macro Calculator: 1) The first thing you need to do is weigh and measure yourself. While BMI calculators are not the best means for figuring out your body fat, most of us don’t have the money to have this done professionally. You need to know these stats: Weight: It is best to weigh first thing in the morning, fully nude. This will help you keep up with your exact weight before eating and without clothing. Height: Hopefully you know this, but who knows, maybe you’ve grown! Hips: Stand with your feet about 4 inches apart and measure the widest part of your hips. Calf: Place your weight on your dominant leg and measure your calf at its widest part – about halfway between your knee and ankle. Thigh: Stand with your feet about 12 in Continue reading >>

Find Your Keto Macros

Find Your Keto Macros

Fine tune your fat-burning with the perfect keto ratio. Learn the special concerns for protein and fat ratios, how to track your keto macros and where to find the wiggle room. Best keto ratio for rapid fat-burning Printable keto food pyramid Online keto calculator Printable list of keto macros: calories, fat, net carbs, protein Keto macro is short for ketosis macro-nutrient. The three keto macro-nutrients are fats, proteins and carbs. Sometimes, calories are also considered part of the equation. What’s the best keto ratio? “Best” depends on your goals. A typical keto ratio has 75% of calories from fat, 20% of calories from protein and 5% of calories from fiber-rich carbs. A Typical Keto Ratio Keto Tip: A perfect ketogenic ratio happens when the amount of protein grams are equal to or slightly great than the grams of fat. Keto Food Pyramid Keto foods center around healthy fats, with moderate amounts of protein and scant carbs. During ketosis, think of fat as a food group. The Atkins Keto Food Pyramid illustrates which of the 200 ketosis foods to enjoy liberally and which ones to limit. Click the image to view, print or save. Tracking Keto Macros Track keto macros helps identify diet stalls and plateau. Macro tracking pinpoints troublesome keto ratios in your diet. For example: Are you eating enough fat? Are you eating too much protein? Track your keto foods and find out. Keto Wiggle Room If your keto ratio is off a bit, it’s not a big deal. You have wiggle room. If some days are over and some days are under your ideal goals, it’s fine. Keep your calories in check and track your keto macros by averaging several days at a time. A single day won’t make or break your plan. Testing for Ketosis Special test strips called keto sticks (or ketostix, keto strips) are u Continue reading >>

A Breakdown Of The Fat/protein/carb Ratio For A Ketogenic Diet

A Breakdown Of The Fat/protein/carb Ratio For A Ketogenic Diet

When on the ketogenic diet, one of the most important things you’ll have to pay attention to is your macronutrient breakdown. This means you’ll be getting a certain portion of your calories form carbohydrates (a very small portion) at 5%, a larger portion of calories from protein (35%), and the largest number of calories from fats (65%). There are many online sites that can help you figure out how many calories you need on a daily basis, based on your height, weight, measurements, age, gender and level of activity. From there, you can also use online calculators to help you figure out the proper breakdown, in grams, for each macronutrient percentage you’ll be eating. You’ll multiply your total daily calories by each percentage to get the grams of each macronutrient that you’ll need. For example, if you need 1200 calories per day, and your carbohydrates are 5% of that total, then multiply 1200 by 5% to get the number of grams of carbohydrates you’ll be allowed to eat each day. In this case, 5% of 1200 calories is 60 calories. You then divide the calories by the grams per unit of carb, protein or fat. Carbohydrates and proteins both have 4 calories per gram and fats have 9 calories per gram. Again, in this example, 60 calories divided by 4 grams per carb leaves you with a total of 15 grams of carbs per day. There are several great phone apps that will do the calculations for you. My personal favorite is Carb Counter. This also makes restaurant eating a breeze. One last note on food and nutrient tracking applications—you can typically also use these to plan your meals ahead of time. Just plug in the proposed foods for the day to see where your calorie and macronutrient values will lie, and make adjustments from there. Then, you build your meals around those n Continue reading >>

How To Configure Myfitnesspal For A Low Carb Or Ketogenic Diet

How To Configure Myfitnesspal For A Low Carb Or Ketogenic Diet

MyFitnessPal is actually my FAVORITE app to track carbs and calories. However it does take a bit of configuring to get the goals and displays correct so they're more useful when you're on a low carb or ketogenic (keto) diet. NOTE: If you're new to Keto, please check out my ebook “Kick the Weight with Keto” which will help you get started on a Paleo Ketogenic diet. If you're on low carb or keto, you'll definitely want to consider tracking your food from time-to-time in some way. I've found that tracking is really important to keeping me honest about what I'm putting in my mouth. However, the tool comes with default settings that aren't keto friendly. First, you'll want to run the keto calculator to see what levels of macros (protein, carbs & fat percentages) you should be eating for your current size and activity level. Steps to Change macro levels in MFP Log into Myfitnesspal on a computer. You must be on the full web version of MFP to do these steps as of this writing, not the mobile app. At the top of the screen, click “Settings”, then on the bar below click “Goals” Under “change your fitness goals” click “Custom”, then click ‘Continue'. At the ‘customize your fitness goals' screen, you can now use the drop downs to change your macro goals. Be sure to click the green ‘Save' button on the bottom. How to Add Fiber to your Display Tracking This is the change that I really loved – adding the fiber to the tracking column!! It was frustrating trying to find the fiber info for a day so that I could calculate my net carbs. With this one small change, I no longer have that problem. And I put it right next to the carbs so I can look at it quickly. It would be better if there was an automatic calculation for net carbs, but hey this is the next best th Continue reading >>

The Benefits And Drawbacks Of The Keto Diet

The Benefits And Drawbacks Of The Keto Diet

What is the Keto Diet? A keto diet (ketogenic) is a very high-fat diet, moderate to low protein and very low in carbohydrate, which causes a shift in primary metabolic fuel source from carbohydrates to fats. It also alters fat metabolism so the body produces compounds known as ketone bodies in the liver. These compounds include acetone, aceto-acetate & beta-hydroxy-buterate. These ketones can be used as energy in tissue like skeletal muscle and more importantly, brain. If you’re looking for a more flexible approach then start with the macro calculator to begin losing fat. Under normal conditions, the brain exclusively uses glucose for energy, but in a ketogenic state, the brain will shift to using ketones as a fuel source in order to spare blood glucose for essential tasks such as red blood cell metabolism (red blood cells can only use glucose as fuel since they lack mitochondria). Keep in mind that even with zero carbohydrate intake, the liver can produce about 120g of glucose per day in a process called gluconeogenesis (GNG) for essential tasks from substrates like amino acids and other gluconeogenic metabolites. Where did the Keto Diet Start? The keto diet gained most of its attention for its role in the nutritional management of epilepsy and Alzheimers. More recently, science has shown positive clinical outcomes for a number of types of cancers through its ability to minimize tumor growth. In the case of all three of these diseases, ketones are therapeutic through providing an alternative substrate to glucose. Ketogenic diets have also recently moved into the fitness & bodybuilding industry as a dietary method to improve body composition and reduce body fat. Why are Carbohydrates Viewed as the Bad Guys? Carbohydrates are often viewed as bad for body composition du Continue reading >>

Keto Macros: How To Calculate Your Optimal Ketogenic Macronutrients

Keto Macros: How To Calculate Your Optimal Ketogenic Macronutrients

Following a keto diet means paying attention to your macros so you stay in ketosis. While you can find a few online calculators for this, it’s more than possible to calculate your optimal ketogenic macronutrients without one. This article will break down, step by step, how you can determine your own personal needs regarding calories and macros on a ketogenic diet. Here are the things we’ll calculate: #1 Your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) This is the number of calories your body needs just to support its vital functions (without taking into account extra energy needed for things like exercise). This is important because the more of you there is, the more energy (calories) you need to support daily processes. While it’s tough to get an EXACT calculation of basal metabolic rate, we can get really close by using the Harris-Benedict equation below. (If you’re in an area that uses metric, the Mifflin-St. Jeor equation will be easiest for you.) BMR for men = 66 + (6.2 x Weight in pounds) + (12.7 x Height in inches) – (6.76 x Age) BMR for women = 655.1 + (4.35 x Weight in pounds) + (4.7 x Height in inches) – (4.7 x Age) Let’s break each of these down a little more. Calculating Height and Weight Measure your weight in pounds. This step is easy. Calculate your height in inches. Multiple the feet by 12, then add the additional inches. For example, someone 5’ 8” would be a total of 68 inches tall. Your Age Since muscle mass gradually declines as we go past age 30, BMR decreases over time as well. That’s why age is factored into this equation. Your Gender Since body composition is typically a little different between men and women, gender factors into the equation. So, again, use these equations to get your basal metabolic rate: BMR for men = 66 + (6.2 x Weight) + ( Continue reading >>

Keto Calculator

Keto Calculator

Our Ketogenic Calculator is based on the Ketogenic Ratio Formula (K/AK, Ketogenic/Anti-Ketogenic), which was originally used for epilepsy patients. The formula gives you the potential ketone ratio of any meal, depending on the macronutrients of the meal. To keep yourself in a state of ketosis, you need to have a ketogenic ratio value of more than 1.5. How To Use The Keto Calculator Almost all other keto calculators are nothing more than low carb calculators. They don’t meet the K/AK equation, as these calculators are not designed for the anti- ketogenic nature of proteins. Keto Ratio Description Less than 1.5 – not a healthy balance. The body will not register ketones 1.5 To 1.6 – Mildly ketogenic where ketones will likely be registered 1.6 To 2.0 – A good state of ketosis where most people will register ketones More than 2.0 - Very ketogenic! Almost everyone will see ketones Why Do We Say This is the BEST and Most ACCURATE Calculator? As we mentioned above, other calculators do not take into account the anti-ketosis ratio of protein. They simply list the entire protein amount as being ketosis friendly, which isn’t true. Our calculator will help you set up an appropriate and safe calorie deficit. By setting a safe amount of protein intake, you will keep your lean muscle and lose only unwanted fat. Our calculator determines your macro NEEDS based on your unique specifications, not simply some generic percentages. When you keep carbs low you will lose weight. Eating enough protein will ensure that you lose only fat, while eating plenty of fat prevents you from feeling hungry and keeps you feeling satisfied with your food. Ketogenic/Anti-Ketogenic Nature Of Macronutrients In case you are new to the keto diet plan, some foods are rather ketogenic, others are not. Continue reading >>

Keto Calculator: Calculate Your Macronutrient Goals

Keto Calculator: Calculate Your Macronutrient Goals

Use this Keto calculator to determine your macronutrient levels. This will be your best method for reaching and maintaining nutritional ketosis. I highly suggest using the Keto Gains calculator. Before starting, please make sure that you understand that: Carbs are a limit. Do not eat above your carb allowance daily. This will ensure ketosis. Protein is a goal. Your main priority. Always strive to hit your protein macro goal each day. You can eat more protein if desired. Fat is a lever. Eat as much as you need to feel satisfied and energized. Not a goal. Eat less to lose more. Eat more to gain. If you’ve ever heard somebody tell you to “track your macros,” this is the first step. Please start by entering your information below. Tracking Your Macros It’s important that you track your macros — at least temporarily — until you can get a feel for the amount of food you can eat. My favorite way to do this is with an app on my phone called My Fitness Pal. You can look up millions of different foods, create recipes, scan barcodes and more. I highly encourage you to check it out. Others prefer to use plain old pen and paper, and that’s completely fine. Remember to re-check your macros with the Keto Calculator as you lose weight. This is integral as your dietary needs will change over time. How to Find Body Fat Percentage There are a number different ways that you can calculate or estimate your body fat that include: Skinfold calipers Body measurements DEXA scans Comparison photos Chances are that you’ll likely opt for the last option — comparison photos. This method is fine despite not being as accurate. You can see some comparison photos of men and women below: Continue reading >>

How To: Get Started On The Ketogenic Diet

How To: Get Started On The Ketogenic Diet

Hey everyone! When I first started the ketogenic diet I did lots and lots of research, which I highly recommend for everyone to do. Below you will see all the resources I used and still use to have success with the ketogenic diet. To learn more about my journey, tips, advice, and over 100 EASY low carb recipes check out my first book, Simply Keto. Educate yourself Learn about how ketosis works, what foods to eat and other helpful advice. I highly recommend reading Keto in a Nutshell and Reddit’s FAQs which are both linked below from Reddit. Set up your macros by visiting to the Keto Calculator! Easily calculate your personalized macros here! (The keto calculator is also linked in the top menu on the homepage, so feel free to revisit it anytime for easy calculations!) Remember, the macros you calculate will be a starting point. Feel free to make adjustments as needed to find what works best for you! Food Diary – Tracking Macros Sign up/Log in to MyFitnessPal (aka MFP – which is FREE!) You can also use LoseIt, but I really love MFP! Once logged in, click on goals, then customize and use your personal macros from the Keto Calculator to update your new goals! While you are logged in to MFP, go to community, and groups and find the Keto group! Having a support system is a HUGE benefit. There are lots of people there willing to help keep you on track and encourage you, so add some Keto friends! You will also get to see what other people are eating and get some great meal ideas. You can change your diary settings to friends only or public if you want to share your food logs. (I HIGHLY recommend sharing your food logs because it holds you accountable!) Log your food every day. I absolutely hated logging at first but after two weeks I got used to it. MFP has a barcode scan Continue reading >>

Macros Explained

Macros Explained

Macros? What kind of alien planet have you landed on, and what language are we speaking? Here you were thinking this Keto thing was supposed to be simple and people are talking about MATH? I hope this might go some way to explaining what we’re going on about. Macros is short for Macronutrients, which is the basic breakdown of the food we eat. There are MACROnutrients which are Protein, Fat, Carbohydrates, and then there are MICROnutrients which are the vitamins, minerals, amino acids, sugars and other things we get from our food. A Ketogenic Lifestyle concentrates on changing the body’s fuel system from burning carbohydrates as primary fuel to burning fat as primary fuel and allowing the body to utilise its most effective fueling mechanism, ketogenesis: the process of utilizing stored body fat to produce ketone bodies for energy. We look at the levels of Macro-nutrients in a Ketogenic Lifestyle in order to maintain a state of nutritional ketosis (as opposed to ketosis derived from starvation or malnutrition), which is the stable, fat-burning, ketone-fuel state that maintains optimum health, body-fuel-efficiency, and brain power. If you are first starting out in your Ketogenic journey, this is helpful information to know. You don’t need to do much with it at this stage, except to understand what you are doing with your body so, when you are a little less hangry, you can have fun with the formulas! Now here are the numbers. If you are like me, generally allergic to exercise, and haven’t started any official heavy lifting yet (except your functional fitness- lifting your groceries, chopping wood, digging in the garden, chasing the kids or in my case, the dog), then your Macro numbers will look like this: To lose weight and maintain your muscle mass: Macros Ladies G Continue reading >>

Keto Calculator

Keto Calculator

Calculate Your Macros on a Keto Diet This keto calculator can help you learn your ideal food intake and macros for the keto diet and other forms of a low-carb diet. Enter your stats below: Please estimate your daily activity level, this allows us to get a more realistic calculation of the number of calories your metabolism burns on an average day. It is important to not over-estimate, people usually burn much fewer calories than they think. I would estimate down, just to be on the safe side. That way you don't go above your actual allowed calories for your body to see progress. Sedentary = minimal daily activity, desk job, very little to no exercise. Lightly Active = daily walking, light exercise 1 – 3 hours a week. Moderately Active = increased daily activity, retail job, exercise 3 – 5 hours a week. Very Active = increased manual labor, construction jobs, intense workouts 4 - 5 days a week. Extremely Active = athlete or bodybuilder, very intense long training, 5 - 6 days a week. Please enter your body fat percentage. If you are not sure, then just try to give your best estimate using the visual examples Here Please enter the amount of daily net carbs you would like to eat on a daily basis. It's best to start low, around 20-30 grams and adjust it from there. This way you learn your personal carb tolerance. You can find the net carbs on food labels by subtracting the fiber out of the total carbs. Results We have calculated the marcronutrient percentages below. This should help guide you along your body transformation. Tracking can be helpful at the start of your transformation but eventually to make healthy living into a lifestyle, you want to be able to just eat mindfully. You do this by listing to your body and using these macros as a general guide.. I already los Continue reading >>

Keto Calculator

Keto Calculator

You will see that a lot of websites pretending the be the masters of the Ketogenic Diet that are trying to tell you that there is an EXACT amount of fat, proteins and carbohydrates that you need to take or your off! This is simply not true, what really matters is the ratio of Ketogenic to Anti-Ketogenic food that you ingest. That is why we had an engineer working on this calculator to make it fully customizable !! The Right Macros I know the ketogenic diet can be quite complex to follow at first if you don't know anything about calories. I created this calculator to help you figure out how many grams of each macro-nutrient you need everyday. The nutrient intake on a ketogenic diet typically works out to about 70-75% of calories from fat, 20-25% from protein, and 5-10% from carbohydrate on a daily basis. How To Use This Calculator 1. First you'll need to know how many calories you need daily. To figure this out, just use our Daily Calorie Intake Calculator bellow and follow the instructions. It will give you the amount of calories needed to maintain your weight, to lose 1 or 2 pounds per week or to gain 1 or 2 pounds per week. Continue reading >>

Keto Calculator – Low Carb Macro Calculator

Keto Calculator – Low Carb Macro Calculator

Are you eating a low carb or ketogenic diet or want to start? Perfect! We’re going to guide you through the steps you need to take to figure out how much you should be eating depending on your goals! This is a highly individualized macro calculator and will be tailored to you and only you! Using this Macro Calculator Knowing how many calories you need to eat as well as your macronutrient numbers is important for your success in weight loss or weight gain goals! Generally, you want to keep below 50 grams of carbs to stay in ketosis, but how about your fat and protein? Use our macro calculator to find out exactly what your daily macronutrients and calorie intake should look like. After all, calories are not created equal! You can read more about Calories vs. Macros if you’re interested! Know your Body Fat Percentage To use this calculator you’ll need a rough estimate of your body fat percentage. This is important because the macro calculator uses your lean weight (total weight minus body fat) to calculate the macronutrients you need on a daily basis. Use our body fat percentage guide to understand how to get this number. Recommend to a friend: Continue reading >>

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