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What Should My Macros Be On Keto?

Keto Macros: How To Calculate Your Optimal Ketogenic Macronutrients

Keto Macros: How To Calculate Your Optimal Ketogenic Macronutrients

Following a keto diet means paying attention to your macros so you stay in ketosis. While you can find a few online calculators for this, it’s more than possible to calculate your optimal ketogenic macronutrients without one. This article will break down, step by step, how you can determine your own personal needs regarding calories and macros on a ketogenic diet. Here are the things we’ll calculate: #1 Your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) This is the number of calories your body needs just to support its vital functions (without taking into account extra energy needed for things like exercise). This is important because the more of you there is, the more energy (calories) you need to support daily processes. While it’s tough to get an EXACT calculation of basal metabolic rate, we can get really close by using the Harris-Benedict equation below. (If you’re in an area that uses metric, the Mifflin-St. Jeor equation will be easiest for you.) BMR for men = 66 + (6.2 x Weight in pounds) + (12.7 x Height in inches) – (6.76 x Age) BMR for women = 655.1 + (4.35 x Weight in pounds) + (4.7 x Height in inches) – (4.7 x Age) Let’s break each of these down a little more. Calculating Height and Weight Measure your weight in pounds. This step is easy. Calculate your height in inches. Multiple the feet by 12, then add the additional inches. For example, someone 5’ 8” would be a total of 68 inches tall. Your Age Since muscle mass gradually declines as we go past age 30, BMR decreases over time as well. That’s why age is factored into this equation. Your Gender Since body composition is typically a little different between men and women, gender factors into the equation. So, again, use these equations to get your basal metabolic rate: BMR for men = 66 + (6.2 x Weight) + ( Continue reading >>

Personal Keto Macro Calculator

Personal Keto Macro Calculator

If you are trying to lose weight or struggling to maintain your weight, chances are good you have considered a Ketogenic Diet. While we have believed for years that fats are bad and grains are good, some of us are finally starting to face the facts that the government may have led us astray with the famous food pyramid (gasp…can you believe it). Changing the way you eat can be a scary thing, especially when you have feared certain foods (like fat) for so many years. My suggestion is to take baby steps and learn all you can about how the body processes foods. If you’re interested in learning how many macronutrients you need in your diet, I’m going to share a tutorial you can use the keto macro calculator to find your personal ketogenic diet recommendations. You can modify these results based on your weight loss goals, and as you lose weight, you can go back and edit your results to start maintaining and stop losing weight. I like the Keto Calculator found here, so today we are going to learn how to use it. How To Use The Personal Keto Macro Calculator: 1) The first thing you need to do is weigh and measure yourself. While BMI calculators are not the best means for figuring out your body fat, most of us don’t have the money to have this done professionally. You need to know these stats: Weight: It is best to weigh first thing in the morning, fully nude. This will help you keep up with your exact weight before eating and without clothing. Height: Hopefully you know this, but who knows, maybe you’ve grown! Hips: Stand with your feet about 4 inches apart and measure the widest part of your hips. Calf: Place your weight on your dominant leg and measure your calf at its widest part – about halfway between your knee and ankle. Thigh: Stand with your feet about 12 in Continue reading >>

Ketodiet Buddy Easy Way To Calculate Your Macros On A Ketogenic Diet

Ketodiet Buddy Easy Way To Calculate Your Macros On A Ketogenic Diet

Net Carbs Protein Fat 25 grams 92 grams 171 grams 100 kcal 366 kcal 1534 kcal 5 % 18 % 77 % Net Carbs Protein Fat 25 grams 92 grams 144 grams 100 kcal 366 kcal 1294 kcal 6 % 21 % 73 % Net Carbs Protein Fat 25 grams 92 grams 117 grams 100 kcal 366 kcal 1054 kcal 7 % 24 % 69 % Net Carbs Protein Fat 25 grams 92 grams 91 grams 100 kcal 366 kcal 814 kcal 8 % 29 % 63 % We have open-sourced KetoDiet Buddy, you can now find it on Github. What is the Ketogenic Diet? Ketogenic diets are high in fat, adequate in protein and low in carbohydrates. Generally, the macronutrient ratio varies within the following ranges: 60-75% of calories from fat (or even more), 15-30% of calories from protein, and 5-10% of calories from carbs. The exact amount of fat and protein is a matter of individual body responses and activity levels. However, most people on ketogenic diets don't consume over 5% of calories from carbohydrates. In most cases, you won’t need to count calories on a ketogenic diet. However, if you find it hard to lose weight or you are relatively fit and trying to lose a small amount of fat, you may also have to count calories. If you just started following a low-carb diet, don't forget to read my free Guide to Keto & Paleo Diet which includes a print-friendly PDF version! You will find all the information you need, including the keto food list and tips on how to follow the diet to achieve your goals. Maintenance Level Maintenance Level, also known as Total Energy Expenditure, is a level at which you maintain a stable bodyweight. According to Lyle McDonald: Maintenance Level = BMR + TEA + TEF where: BMR is the Basal Metabolic Rate, TEA is the Thermal Effect of Activity and TEF is the Thermal Effect of Feeding Basal Metabolic Rate is the amount of energy expended daily at rest. BMR Continue reading >>

The Definitive Guide To The Ketogenic Diet

The Definitive Guide To The Ketogenic Diet

If you want to lose weight or build muscle faster and think the ketogenic diet might help, you want to read this article. How did a diet meant for treating epileptic seizures turn into a popular weight loss fad? That’s the story of the ketogenic diet, which was introduced in 1921 by an endocrinologist named Dr. Henry Geyelin. Geyelin, presenting at the annual meeting of the American Medical Association, explained that the ancient Greeks had discovered that fasting was an effective method of managing epileptic seizures. Hippocrates wrote about it and, like Geyelin, found that the seizures would return once eating resumed. Why? What was it about fasting that suppressed the seizures? Well, epileptic seizures are triggered by electrical abnormalities in the brain. The causes can vary, from genetics to brain injury, but more common is chronic inflammation throughout the body. Geyelin found that when people fast, two major changes occur in the blood: glucose levels fall and ketone levels rise. You’ve probably heard of glucose, also known as blood sugar, but not ketones, which are carbon-oxygen molecules produced by the liver that cells can use for energy instead of glucose. This finding fascinated Geyelin and he set out to determine if similar effects could be achieved without starvation. A decade of work proved they could, and the “ketogenic diet,” as it would be later called, was born. The purpose of the ketogenic diet is to maintain a state of ketosis, wherein the body’s primary energy source is ketones, not glucose. Early studies showed it was an extremely effective treatment for seizures, but in 1938, it was eclipsed by the anticonvulsant drug phenytoin. This medication became the standard treatment for epilepsy, effectively retiring the ketogenic diet from cli Continue reading >>

What Are Macros? What They Are & How To Calculate

What Are Macros? What They Are & How To Calculate

What are macros? If you’ve been reading up on the keto diet, you may have stumbled across the term “macros” and wondered what all the fuss is about. It’s thrown around everywhere by well meaning ketoers giving advice to newbies: “If it fits your macros”, “track those macros”, “your macros may be off”, ad nauseum. I’m guilty of it myself. But to someone trying to get started, this can be completely mind-boggling. A quick Google search doesn’t even really help. Is this an advanced function in an Excel worksheet? A fancy camera lense? What in the hell are people talking about? Exactly what are macros? Let me clarify. The term “macros” is short for MACRONUTRIENTS in the context of nutrition and the keto diet. Macronutrients are the energy-giving components of food that fuels our body. They include carbohydrates, protein, and fat; this is where your dietary calories come from. Grasping the concept of macros is important for the keto diet because you need to find the right balance of carbs, protein, and fats to get into ketosis, stay in ketosis, and turn your body into a fat burning machine. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are the only macronutrient that is not essential for survival. There are essential fatty acids and amino acids (the building blocks of fats and proteins), but there is no such thing as “essential carbohydrates”. Carbs are made up of sugars and starches. In order to successfully reach ketosis, you will need to limit your carbohydrate intake. Fiber is also considered a carb, but it doesn’t count towards your total carb tally. The reason for this is that we can’t really digest fiber so it has a minimal impact on your blood sugar. So, what does this mean for you? When you are looking at a nutrition label, look at the line that sa Continue reading >>

How To Calculate Macros For Keto (plus, A Keto Macro Calculator)

How To Calculate Macros For Keto (plus, A Keto Macro Calculator)

So you’re interested in Keto? Often, there is so much confusion surrounding Macros and how to calculate Keto Macros. Today, I’m going to answer all your Keto Macro questions, including the one I get more frequently: “How many calories should I eat on Keto?” A Ketogenic Diet, also know as the Keto Diet, is a very high fat, very low carb, moderate protein diet that is very popular because it can cause you to lose body fat very fast, and study after study after study has linked Keto with benefits against cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, epilepsy, and more. Eating Ketogenically involves cutting carbohydrate intake from 200-300g daily down to 20-50g daily and replacing those missing carbs with fat. Reducing carbohydrates this drastically puts your body in a state of Ketosis. Ketosis is a metabolic state in which you body uses fat for fuel, rather than carbohydrates. When you eat normally, when you consume more carbohydrates than you body needs to run for the next 24 hours or so, you body turns those excess carbs into fat and stores them as (unwanted) body fat. But if you cut the carbs in your diet drastically, your body enters Ketosis and starts burning that stored fat for fuel, resulting in better health and body composition for you. Read Keto 101 for the lowdown on the Ketogenic Diet. If you’re learning about the Keto Diet, you may be reading about all these people tracking their “macros’ and wondered what that was all about. Many veteran Keto dieters will throw around the phrase “if it fits your macros” to try and help beginners, completely skipping over what, exactly, macros are. It can be completely overwhelming when you’re trying to get started. What the heck are macros even? Why are they important? What is the simplest way to calculate macros for k Continue reading >>

Ketogenic Diet Beginners Guide

Ketogenic Diet Beginners Guide

Brief Overview A ketogenic diet is a way of eating that promotes a state of ketosis in the body. Generally speaking a ketogenic diet will have the following macronutrient ratios: High Fat – 60%-80% of total calories come from fat. Moderate Protein – 15%-35% of total calories come from protein. Low Carbohydrate – 5% or less of total calories come from carbohydrates. Everyone’s macronutrient breakdown will be different and depends on a variety of factors. Reference our Keto Macro Calculator to figure out what yours are! Eating in accordance with these macronutrient ratio’s will deplete your body of glucose and force it to start producing ketones. Your body will then use these ketones for energy. What is Ketosis From Wikipedia: Ketosis is a metabolic state in which some of the body’s energy supply comes from ketone bodies in the blood, in contrast to a state of glycolysis in which blood glucose (sugar) provides most of the energy. With the abundance of high carbohydrate foods available in modern times, virtually all human beings that don’t make a concerted effort to restrict carbs are always in a state of glycolysis. There are a number of reasons why ketosis is beneficial when compared to glycolysis, which we will get into later. What are Ketones? Ketones are the fuel source your body is running on when it’s in a state of ketosis. They are produced in the liver when glycogen is depleted and are characterized as a slower burning fuel source when compared to glucose. Insulin and Keto This is where the magic happens. Eating a high carb diet means you’re always producing insulin to transport the glucose around your body. The fat can just sit around and watch because insulin is doing all the work. The fat is eventually stored, which leads to weight gain. In a Continue reading >>

Keto Calculator For Ketogenic Diet Macronutrients

Keto Calculator For Ketogenic Diet Macronutrients

This simple Keto Calculator is an easy way to give you a foundation on the Macronutrient Ratios, in grams and percentages, to base your Ketogenic Diet around. Your focus (for the first month at least) should be on your Macronutrients, not your “Daily Calories Consumed”, as you enter into a new and better way of eating. Calculating Body Measurements Enter your current weight in pounds or kilograms into the Keto Calculator then add your body fat percentage. The most important thing for those beginning the Ketogenic Diet is not total calories consumed ( to start with ) it is your elimination of carbohydrates. By sticking with the Macro portions of 70% Fat, 25% Protein and 5% (no more than 30gram) Carbohydrates, it has been proven that your appetite will become suppressed naturally. A high-fat diet is very satisfying. Do this, and you will see a dramatic loss in weight. For more info on Keto Dieting and the psychology of it, all read our article here. Measuring Body Fat You can measure body fat ” at home” with skin fold measurements this is explained on page 129 in The Art and Science of Low Carb Living by Dr Jeff S. Volek and Dr Stephen D. Phinney. We highly recommend it, read it if you want to really educate yourself about Ketogenic Dieting. There are also expensive scans such as DXA or DEXA scans which will give you the most accurate and visual summation of your body composition. If you want to measure your skin folds you will need some inexpensive skin fold calipers that you can get here. If you are well overweight and for simplicity just put 45 into the Keto Calculator for your Body Fat measurement. The resulting macros will be perfect for you. Don’t get caught up in the technicalities however as they often just become another excuse. Just get started! Bodyfa Continue reading >>

Keto Calculator: Calculate Your Macronutrient Goals

Keto Calculator: Calculate Your Macronutrient Goals

Use this Keto calculator to determine your macronutrient levels. This will be your best method for reaching and maintaining nutritional ketosis. I highly suggest using the Keto Gains calculator. Before starting, please make sure that you understand that: Carbs are a limit. Do not eat above your carb allowance daily. This will ensure ketosis. Protein is a goal. Your main priority. Always strive to hit your protein macro goal each day. You can eat more protein if desired. Fat is a lever. Eat as much as you need to feel satisfied and energized. Not a goal. Eat less to lose more. Eat more to gain. If you’ve ever heard somebody tell you to “track your macros,” this is the first step. Please start by entering your information below. Tracking Your Macros It’s important that you track your macros — at least temporarily — until you can get a feel for the amount of food you can eat. My favorite way to do this is with an app on my phone called My Fitness Pal. You can look up millions of different foods, create recipes, scan barcodes and more. I highly encourage you to check it out. Others prefer to use plain old pen and paper, and that’s completely fine. Remember to re-check your macros with the Keto Calculator as you lose weight. This is integral as your dietary needs will change over time. How to Find Body Fat Percentage There are a number different ways that you can calculate or estimate your body fat that include: Skinfold calipers Body measurements DEXA scans Comparison photos Chances are that you’ll likely opt for the last option — comparison photos. This method is fine despite not being as accurate. You can see some comparison photos of men and women below: Continue reading >>

Eating “keto” Part I: Macronutrient Ratios For Ketosis

Eating “keto” Part I: Macronutrient Ratios For Ketosis

If you are new to Keto Sister, then welcome. In my series titled Keto Basics, I have explained so far how ketogenic (keto) diets came into being and why the body prefers to be fueled by ketones (fat) rather than fueled by glucose (carbs). This next post will cover the basics for eating keto. A study that was published in Endocrinology and Metabolism (2011) fed rats various macronutrient ratios of a high fat, low carb ketogenic diet to compare the effects of diet on ketosis. In simple terms, they fed rats three different high fat diets that differed by the amount of fats, protein and carbohydrates calories. Those rats who received 75% of calories from fats and 10% from protein were in deeper ketosis than those fed either 65% fat/20% protein or 55% fat/30% protein. As I discussed in the last post, the body fuels its activities with either glucose or ketones. In the absence of one, it must use the other. Thus, all three groups were fed a high fat diet, which means that they used ketones in place of glucose to some extent. This begs the question: is being in “deep ketosis” the primary goal of eating a ketogenic diet? The answer is that it depends on your ultimate goals. When I started my ketogenic journey on June 1, 2015, I did everything in my power to maintain high levels of blood ketones. Using a glucometer, one can test blood ketone levels. I thought that the higher amount of ketones I found when I tested (up to about 4.0 mmol/L), the “better” my ketosis was. I wanted to help my body heal from its history of postpartum hormonal imbalance (which I will write about in a future post). But like almost everyone who finds low carb living, I also wanted to drop the extra body fat I was still carrying from my pregnancies. Keto calculators told me that I needed to limit Continue reading >>

A Breakdown Of The Fat/protein/carb Ratio For A Ketogenic Diet

A Breakdown Of The Fat/protein/carb Ratio For A Ketogenic Diet

When on the ketogenic diet, one of the most important things you’ll have to pay attention to is your macronutrient breakdown. This means you’ll be getting a certain portion of your calories form carbohydrates (a very small portion) at 5%, a larger portion of calories from protein (35%), and the largest number of calories from fats (65%). There are many online sites that can help you figure out how many calories you need on a daily basis, based on your height, weight, measurements, age, gender and level of activity. From there, you can also use online calculators to help you figure out the proper breakdown, in grams, for each macronutrient percentage you’ll be eating. You’ll multiply your total daily calories by each percentage to get the grams of each macronutrient that you’ll need. For example, if you need 1200 calories per day, and your carbohydrates are 5% of that total, then multiply 1200 by 5% to get the number of grams of carbohydrates you’ll be allowed to eat each day. In this case, 5% of 1200 calories is 60 calories. You then divide the calories by the grams per unit of carb, protein or fat. Carbohydrates and proteins both have 4 calories per gram and fats have 9 calories per gram. Again, in this example, 60 calories divided by 4 grams per carb leaves you with a total of 15 grams of carbs per day. There are several great phone apps that will do the calculations for you. My personal favorite is Carb Counter. This also makes restaurant eating a breeze. One last note on food and nutrient tracking applications—you can typically also use these to plan your meals ahead of time. Just plug in the proposed foods for the day to see where your calorie and macronutrient values will lie, and make adjustments from there. Then, you build your meals around those n Continue reading >>

Keto Calculator

Keto Calculator

Calculate Your Macros on a Keto Diet This keto calculator can help you learn your ideal food intake and macros for the keto diet and other forms of a low-carb diet. Enter your stats below: Please estimate your daily activity level, this allows us to get a more realistic calculation of the number of calories your metabolism burns on an average day. It is important to not over-estimate, people usually burn much fewer calories than they think. I would estimate down, just to be on the safe side. That way you don't go above your actual allowed calories for your body to see progress. Sedentary = minimal daily activity, desk job, very little to no exercise. Lightly Active = daily walking, light exercise 1 – 3 hours a week. Moderately Active = increased daily activity, retail job, exercise 3 – 5 hours a week. Very Active = increased manual labor, construction jobs, intense workouts 4 - 5 days a week. Extremely Active = athlete or bodybuilder, very intense long training, 5 - 6 days a week. Please enter your body fat percentage. If you are not sure, then just try to give your best estimate using the visual examples Here Please enter the amount of daily net carbs you would like to eat on a daily basis. It's best to start low, around 20-30 grams and adjust it from there. This way you learn your personal carb tolerance. You can find the net carbs on food labels by subtracting the fiber out of the total carbs. Results We have calculated the marcronutrient percentages below. This should help guide you along your body transformation. Tracking can be helpful at the start of your transformation but eventually to make healthy living into a lifestyle, you want to be able to just eat mindfully. You do this by listing to your body and using these macros as a general guide.. I already los Continue reading >>

Keto Diet Macros: How To Calculate Yours

Keto Diet Macros: How To Calculate Yours

The keto diet (ketogenic diet) has been around for quite some time, but recently there has been a surge in popularity for this ultra low carb eating regime. Firstly I want to emphasize that long-term, flexible dieting (eating normal levels of macros) is just as good at helping your reach your weight loss and fitness goals as a keto diet. It could be argued that flexible dieting is better as it is less restrictive and therefore more sustainable. But, a keto diet may be appropriate for someone looking for faster initial results¹. Those training for fitness competitions. Those trying to lose weight for an event but have a shorter time window. Those who have tried flexible dieting but because of metabolic issues are unable to lose weight eating normal levels of carbohydrates. What is a Keto Diet? The keto diet was first developed for use by those with epilepsy. It later became popular among bodybuilders to cut fat before competitions. It will cause your body to burn nothing but fat for energy instead of using glucose (carbohydrates). A person achieves this by greatly limiting carbs and eating more fat. In the absence of carbs, the body will begin converting both dietary fat and body fat into ketones which are then used by the cells of your body for energy. It’s important to understand that a calorie deficit is still required for fat loss to happen. Looking for keto food ideas? Keto Macro Calculation If you wish to calculate your keto diet macros, the first thing to do is to establish your estimated TDEE (total daily energy expenditure). Here’s the formula:² Now factor in your movement, since you probably don’t lie in bed all day. Sedentary Regular daily activity like a little walking, a couple flights of stairs, eating, talking etc. (REE X 1.2) Light activity Any ex Continue reading >>

Mind Your Macros

Mind Your Macros

KNOWLEDGE SUPPORT ACCOUNTABILITY a formula for weight loss Mind Your Macros is all about eating a healthy, satisfying, nutritious, well-formulated, ketogenic diet for rapid weight loss. Figuring out a winning weight loss formula can be confusing. Misty’s role is to guide you step by step with timely, accurate information, support and accountability during your journey through weight loss and on to a new you. IT WORKED FOR ME My goal is to help as many people, as I can, have the success that I have had. The day my life had purpose was the day that I discovered my passion for helping people successfully lose weight. Why KETOGENIC You won't feel deprived Being in ketosis is a natural appetite suppressant, I actually have to encourage most of my clients to eat enough food – their biggest complaint is that they feel too full to eat. Improved mood, mental clarity, better sleep, clearer skin, fewer aches and pains. Decrease in: triglyceride serum levels, blood pressure, blood sugar, insulin levels. Most Type 2 Diabetics can reduce or eliminate need for medication. Greater proportion of fat loss comes from the visceral fat in the abdominal cavity helping reduce and improve insulin sensitivity and Metabolic Syndrome You can lose up to 25 lbs in the first month, then 1 – 3 lbs a week after that. The bigger you are the faster you will lose; I lost 100 lbs in 11 months. The faster you see results, the more likely you are to stick to the plan. The Macro Mindset Eating the right amount of Protein, Fat and Carbohydrates aka your “Macronutrients” or “Macros,” sheds fat while retaining muscle or lean body mass. Misty has helped clients as far away as Australia; as long as you have a computer and an internet connection, she can help you. Like you, her clients are intelligen Continue reading >>

The Benefits And Drawbacks Of The Keto Diet

The Benefits And Drawbacks Of The Keto Diet

What is the Keto Diet? A keto diet (ketogenic) is a very high-fat diet, moderate to low protein and very low in carbohydrate, which causes a shift in primary metabolic fuel source from carbohydrates to fats. It also alters fat metabolism so the body produces compounds known as ketone bodies in the liver. These compounds include acetone, aceto-acetate & beta-hydroxy-buterate. These ketones can be used as energy in tissue like skeletal muscle and more importantly, brain. If you’re looking for a more flexible approach then start with the macro calculator to begin losing fat. Under normal conditions, the brain exclusively uses glucose for energy, but in a ketogenic state, the brain will shift to using ketones as a fuel source in order to spare blood glucose for essential tasks such as red blood cell metabolism (red blood cells can only use glucose as fuel since they lack mitochondria). Keep in mind that even with zero carbohydrate intake, the liver can produce about 120g of glucose per day in a process called gluconeogenesis (GNG) for essential tasks from substrates like amino acids and other gluconeogenic metabolites. Where did the Keto Diet Start? The keto diet gained most of its attention for its role in the nutritional management of epilepsy and Alzheimers. More recently, science has shown positive clinical outcomes for a number of types of cancers through its ability to minimize tumor growth. In the case of all three of these diseases, ketones are therapeutic through providing an alternative substrate to glucose. Ketogenic diets have also recently moved into the fitness & bodybuilding industry as a dietary method to improve body composition and reduce body fat. Why are Carbohydrates Viewed as the Bad Guys? Carbohydrates are often viewed as bad for body composition du Continue reading >>

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