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What Makes Glucose In The Body?

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What is BASAL BODY? What does BASAL BODY mean? BASAL BODY meaning - BASAL BODY definition - BASAL BODY explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. A basal body (synonymous with basal granule, kinetosome, and in older cytological literature with blepharoplast) is a protein structure found at the base of a eukaryotic undulipodium (cilium or flagellum). It is formed from a centriole and several additional protein structures, and is, essentially, a modified centriole. Basal body serves as a nucleation site for the growth of the axoneme microtubules. Centrioles, from which basal bodies are derived, act as anchoring sites for proteins that in turn anchor microtubules, and are known as the microtubule organizing center (MTOC). These microtubules provide structure and facilitate movement of vesicles and organelles within many eukaryotic cells. Cilia and basal bodies form during quiescence or the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Before the cell enters G1 phase, i.e. before the formation of the cilium, the mother centriole serves as a component of the centrosome. In cells that are destined to have only one primary cilium mother centriole differentiates into the basal body upon entry into G1 or quiescence. Thus, basal body in such cell is derived from the centriole. Basal body differs from the mother centriole in at least 2 aspects. First, basal bodies have basal feet, which are anchored to cytoplasmic microtubules and are necessary for polarized alignment of the cilium. Second, basal bodies have pinwheel-shaped transition fibers that originate from the appendages of mother centriole. In multiciliated cells, however, in many cases basal bodies are not made from centrioles but are generated de novo from a special protein structure called the deuterosome. During cell cycle quiescence, basal bodies organize primary cilia and reside at the cell cortex in proximity to plasma membrane. On cell cycle entry, cilia resorb and the basal body migrates to the nucleus where it functions to organize centrosomes. Centrioles, basal bodies, and cilia are important for mitosis, polarity, cell division, protein trafficking, signaling, motility, and sensation. Mutations affecting basal bodies are associated with several human diseases, most notably Bardet–Biedl syndrome. Regulation of basal body production and spatial orientation is a function of the nucleotide-binding domain of ?-tubulin. Plants lack centrioles and only lower plants (such as mosses and ferns) with motile sperm have flagella and basal bodies.

How Does The Body Make Glucose?

Glucose mainly comes from foods rich in carbohydrates, like bread, potatoes, and fruit. As you eat, food travels down your esophagus into your stomach. There, acids and enzymes break it down into tiny pieces. During that process, glucose is released. It goes into your intestines where it's absorbed. From there, it passes into your bloodstream. Once in the blood, insulin helps glucose get to your cells. American Diabetes Association: "The Liver's Role: How It Processes Fats and Carbs." American Foundation for the Blind: "What is the Difference Between Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia?" Group Health: "How Our Bodies Turn Food Into Energy." Insel, P. 2004. Nutrition, Joslin Diabetes Center: "Goals for Blood Glucose Control," "High Blood Glucose: What it Means and How to Treat it." National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Insulin Resistance and Prediabetes," "Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2." NCBI: "Molecular Biology of the Cell, 4th Edition." Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on August 13, 2016 Continue reading >>

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  1. messenger

    can the body produce its own glucose

    hi all
    i am interested to learn if the body can produce its own glucose, or does all the glucose come from what we eat.
    peter

  2. plum

    I guess,it does produce.Have u heard of stress elevating sugar levels? It is true.Stress,trauma & anxiety do elevate glucose levels whether u have eaten carb or not.

  3. Stump86

    The laws of physics dictate that we cannot make energy from nothing. But your body can create glucose from other things (fats and proteins) This is called gluconeogenesis (creating new glucose).
    So the answer to your question is yes the body can produce it's own glucose but also yes it all comes from what we eat, (we also eat fats and proteins)

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weat glucose sensor Can Monitor Blood Glucose With Your Sweat | wearable glucose meter | Sweat patch It is known that, from a small amount of blood can be used to measure the quantity of blood sugar, but now South Korea specialists have been successful in developing a wrist belt for measuring the amount of blood sugar to measure the sugar volume with the help of sweat. Specialists of the National University of South Korea in Seoul have made wrist bandages, after a minor change, it can also be applied to the use of fine syringe needles, which can inject medicine by detecting the increased quantity of blood sugar. Commenting on this invention, Dr. Paul Jenkins, Sweat patch accurately calculates blood glucose levels and administers metformin in mice: https://www.diabetes.co.uk/news/2017/... London Endocrin Center's Expert, says that this is an interesting concern for controlling diabetes, if it is useful after mass testing, it will provide great benefits to the diabetic patient. This will alleviate the painful process of inserting needle to detect sugar level. It is tied to the upper part of the arm and notes the amount of blood sugar in the sweat quickly and efficiently. A recent study has revealed that it shows results like strip blood sugar standard tests and tells how much medication should be taken to keep blood sugar normally. Now, there is no need of strips and tied band is enough to note the blood sugar volume in blood. Sweat patch blood glucose monitor could replace finger prick tests: https://www.drwf.org.uk/news-and-even... There are 20 million sweat glands found in our body, which secrete that sweat in both situations of exercise and comfort . Glucose is also secreted along with sweat, which reflects the quality of sugar in a proper manner, it has to wear 15 minutes for accurate reading, and it requires only 10 mili litre of sweat. So guys hope you enjoyed the video, Please subscribe to our channel. Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Trendy-Healt... Follow On Twitter: https://twitter.com/TrendyHealthNew Follow On Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/trendyhealth/ Follow on Google Plus: https://plus.google.com/u/0/collectio... Follow on linkedin https://www.linkedin.com/in/treandy-h...

Glucose

This article is about the naturally occurring D-form of glucose. For the L-form, see L-Glucose. Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6, which means that it is a molecule that is made of six carbon atoms, twelve hydrogen atoms, and six oxygen atoms. Glucose circulates in the blood of animals as blood sugar. It is made during photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide, using energy from sunlight. It is the most important source of energy for cellular respiration. Glucose is stored as a polymer, in plants as starch and in animals as glycogen. With six carbon atoms, it is classed as a hexose, a subcategory of the monosaccharides. D-Glucose is one of the sixteen aldohexose stereoisomers. The D-isomer, D-glucose, also known as dextrose, occurs widely in nature, but the L-isomer, L-glucose, does not. Glucose can be obtained by hydrolysis of carbohydrates such as milk sugar (lactose), cane sugar (sucrose), maltose, cellulose, glycogen, etc. It is commonly commercially manufactured from cornstarch by hydrolysis via pressurized steaming at controlled pH in a jet followed by further enzymatic depolymerization.[3] In 1747, Andreas Marggraf was the first to isolate gluco Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. messenger

    can the body produce its own glucose

    hi all
    i am interested to learn if the body can produce its own glucose, or does all the glucose come from what we eat.
    peter

  2. plum

    I guess,it does produce.Have u heard of stress elevating sugar levels? It is true.Stress,trauma & anxiety do elevate glucose levels whether u have eaten carb or not.

  3. Stump86

    The laws of physics dictate that we cannot make energy from nothing. But your body can create glucose from other things (fats and proteins) This is called gluconeogenesis (creating new glucose).
    So the answer to your question is yes the body can produce it's own glucose but also yes it all comes from what we eat, (we also eat fats and proteins)

  4. -> Continue reading
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What is GLYCOGEN? What does GLYCOGEN mean? GLYCOGEN meaning, definition & explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi. The polysaccharide structure represents the main storage form of glucose in the body. In humans, glycogen is made and stored primarily in the cells of the liver and the muscles hydrated with three or four parts of water. Glycogen functions as the secondary long-term energy storage, with the primary energy stores being fats held in adipose tissue. Muscle glycogen is converted into glucose by muscle cells, and liver glycogen converts to glucose for use throughout the body including the central nervous system. Glycogen is the analogue of starch, a glucose polymer that functions as energy storage in plants. It has a structure similar to amylopectin (a component of starch), but is more extensively branched and compact than starch. Both are white powders in their dry state. Glycogen is found in the form of granules in the cytosol/cytoplasm in many cell types, and plays an important role in the glucose cycle. Glycogen forms an energy reserve that can be quickly mobilized to meet a sudden need for glucose, but one that is less compact than the energy reserves of triglycerides (lipids). In the liver, glycogen can comprise from 5 to 6% of its fresh weight (100–120 g in an adult). Only the glycogen stored in the liver can be made accessible to other organs. In the muscles, glycogen is found in a low concentration (1-2% of the muscle mass). The amount of glycogen stored in the body—especially within the muscles, liver, and red blood cells—mostly depends on physical training, basal metabolic rate, and eating habits. Small amounts of glycogen are found in the kidneys, and even smaller amounts in certain glial cells in the brain and white blood cells. The uterus also stores glycogen during pregnancy to nourish the embryo.

Glycogen

Schematic two-dimensional cross-sectional view of glycogen: A core protein of glycogenin is surrounded by branches of glucose units. The entire globular granule may contain around 30,000 glucose units.[1] A view of the atomic structure of a single branched strand of glucose units in a glycogen molecule. Glycogen (black granules) in spermatozoa of a flatworm; transmission electron microscopy, scale: 0.3 µm Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in humans,[2] animals,[3] fungi, and bacteria. The polysaccharide structure represents the main storage form of glucose in the body. Glycogen functions as one of two forms of long-term energy reserves, with the other form being triglyceride stores in adipose tissue (i.e., body fat). In humans, glycogen is made and stored primarily in the cells of the liver and skeletal muscle.[2][4] In the liver, glycogen can make up from 5–6% of the organ's fresh weight and the liver of an adult weighing 70 kg can store roughly 100–120 grams of glycogen.[2][5] In skeletal muscle, Glycogen is found in a low concentration (1–2% of the muscle mass) and the skeletal muscle of an adult weighing 70 kg c Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. messenger

    can the body produce its own glucose

    hi all
    i am interested to learn if the body can produce its own glucose, or does all the glucose come from what we eat.
    peter

  2. plum

    I guess,it does produce.Have u heard of stress elevating sugar levels? It is true.Stress,trauma & anxiety do elevate glucose levels whether u have eaten carb or not.

  3. Stump86

    The laws of physics dictate that we cannot make energy from nothing. But your body can create glucose from other things (fats and proteins) This is called gluconeogenesis (creating new glucose).
    So the answer to your question is yes the body can produce it's own glucose but also yes it all comes from what we eat, (we also eat fats and proteins)

  4. -> Continue reading
read more

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