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What Is The Value For Metabolic Acidosis?

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International Journal Of Advances In Medicine

International Journal of Advances in Medicine | July-September 2015 | Vol 2 | Issue 3 Page 260 Gandhi AA et al. Int J Adv Med. 2015 Aug;2(3):260-263 pISSN 2349-3925 | eISSN 2349-3933 Research Article Metabolic acidosis in acute myocardial infarction Amita A. Gandhi, Pankaj J. Akholkar* INTRODUCTION In AMI (acute myocardial infarction), the combination of a fall in cardiac output and arterial hypoxemia leads to tissue hypoxia, metabolic acidosis and fall in-plasma bicarbonate due to rise in lactic acid. Metabolic acidosis is compensated by hyperventilation. Those who are not able to compensate the metabolic disturbances by respiration are at risk of higher mortality. Elevation in carbon dioxide not only increases the acidosis but also reduces the arterial oxygen tension that is particularly a dangerous combination. Corrections of metabolic acidosis and respiratory compensation have showed different effect on prognosis of patient in different studies. Various rhythm disturbances which are even refractory to electrical cardioversion are found to be spontaneously responding to correction of metabolic acidosis. METHODS Fifty patients of acute myocardial infarction were examined and inve Continue reading >>

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  1. Nathaniel Teng

    Metabolic Acidosis

    Hyperkalemia

    Medicine and Healthcare



    What are hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis?




    1 Answer







    Hyperkalemia = high potassium levels in the blood. Commonly due to renal failure- kidneys not able to get rid of potassium so it builds up in your body. Hyperkalemia can be fatal because it causes heart arrhythmias including ventricular fibrillation.

    Metabolic acidosis is also a result of renal failure and is due to the kidneys not being able to excrete enough acid. Normally the pH of your blood is 7.35–7.45, so anything below 7.35 is considered ‘acidosis'. Metabolic in this case simply means caused by the kidneys, as opposed to ‘respiratory' acidosis which is due to airway obstruction and not being able to breathe out enough CO2

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    How can diarrhea cause metabolic acidosis?


    How does iron poisoning cause metabolic acidosis? How is it treated?


    What are some symptoms of acidosis and hyperkalemia?


    Does metabolic alkalosis help with respiratory acidosis?


    Does hypokalemia cause acidosis or alkalosis? Why?


    How is hyperkalemia related to bradycardia?


    What is uraemic acidosis?


    What causes respiratory acidosis and alkalosis?


    How metabolic acidosis leads to CNS toxicity?


    Why does hyperkalemia cause muscle paralysis?


    How do people develop acidosis and hyperkalemia?


    How are acidosis and hyperkalemia treated?


    Why does metabolic acidosis occur?


    Does Metformin cause metabolic alkalosis or metabolic acidosis?


    How does metabolic acidosis cause abdominal pain?
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    How can diarrhea cause metabolic acidosis?


    How does iron poisoning cause metabolic acidosis? How is it treated?


    What are some symptoms of acidosis and hyperkalemia?


    Does metabolic alkalosis help with respiratory acidosis?


    Does hypokalemia cause acidosis or alkalosis? Why?


    How is hyperkalemia related to bradycardia?


    What is uraemic acidosis?


    What causes respiratory acidosis and alkalosis?


    How metabolic acidosis leads to CNS toxicity?


    Why does hyperkalemia cause muscle paralysis?
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Acid-base Disorders

Content currently under development Acid-base disorders are a group of conditions characterized by changes in the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) or bicarbonate (HCO3-), which lead to changes in the arterial blood pH. These conditions can be categorized as acidoses or alkaloses and have a respiratory or metabolic origin, depending on the cause of the imbalance. Diagnosis is made by arterial blood gas (ABG) interpretation. In the setting of metabolic acidosis, calculation of the anion gap is an important resource to narrow down the possible causes and reach a precise diagnosis. Treatment is based on identifying the underlying cause. Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Nathaniel Teng

    Metabolic Acidosis

    Hyperkalemia

    Medicine and Healthcare



    What are hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis?




    1 Answer







    Hyperkalemia = high potassium levels in the blood. Commonly due to renal failure- kidneys not able to get rid of potassium so it builds up in your body. Hyperkalemia can be fatal because it causes heart arrhythmias including ventricular fibrillation.

    Metabolic acidosis is also a result of renal failure and is due to the kidneys not being able to excrete enough acid. Normally the pH of your blood is 7.35–7.45, so anything below 7.35 is considered ‘acidosis'. Metabolic in this case simply means caused by the kidneys, as opposed to ‘respiratory' acidosis which is due to airway obstruction and not being able to breathe out enough CO2

    117 Views








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    Related Questions




    How can diarrhea cause metabolic acidosis?


    How does iron poisoning cause metabolic acidosis? How is it treated?


    What are some symptoms of acidosis and hyperkalemia?


    Does metabolic alkalosis help with respiratory acidosis?


    Does hypokalemia cause acidosis or alkalosis? Why?


    How is hyperkalemia related to bradycardia?


    What is uraemic acidosis?


    What causes respiratory acidosis and alkalosis?


    How metabolic acidosis leads to CNS toxicity?


    Why does hyperkalemia cause muscle paralysis?


    How do people develop acidosis and hyperkalemia?


    How are acidosis and hyperkalemia treated?


    Why does metabolic acidosis occur?


    Does Metformin cause metabolic alkalosis or metabolic acidosis?


    How does metabolic acidosis cause abdominal pain?
    Ask New Question






    Related Questions



    How can diarrhea cause metabolic acidosis?


    How does iron poisoning cause metabolic acidosis? How is it treated?


    What are some symptoms of acidosis and hyperkalemia?


    Does metabolic alkalosis help with respiratory acidosis?


    Does hypokalemia cause acidosis or alkalosis? Why?


    How is hyperkalemia related to bradycardia?


    What is uraemic acidosis?


    What causes respiratory acidosis and alkalosis?


    How metabolic acidosis leads to CNS toxicity?


    Why does hyperkalemia cause muscle paralysis?
    Ask New Question

  2. -> Continue reading
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Acid-base (anesthesia Text)

There are four native buffer systems – bicarbonate, hemoglobin, protein, and phosphate systems. Bicarbonate has a pKa of 6.1, which is not ideal. Hemoglobin has histidine residues with a pKa of 6.8. Chemoreceptors in the carotid bodies, aortic arch, and ventral medulla respond to changes in pH/pCO2 in a matter of minutes. The renal response takes much longer. Arterial vs. Venous Gases Venous blood from the dorsum of the hand is moderately arterialized by general anesthesia, and can be used as a substitute for an ABG. pCO2 will only be off by ~ 5 mm Hg, and pH by 0.03 or 0.04 units [Williamson et. al. Anesth Analg 61: 950, 1982]. Confounding variables include air bubbles, heparin (which is acidic), and leukocytes (aka “leukocyte larceny”). VGB/ABG samples should be cooled to minimize leukocyte activity, however when blood is cooled, CO2 solubility increases (less volatile), and thus pCO2 drops. As an example – a sample taken at 37°C and at 7.4 will actually read as a pH of 7.6 if measured at 25°C. Most VBG/ABGs are actually measured at 37°C. A-aDO2 increases with age, as well as with increased FiO2 and vasodilators (which impair hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction). In the Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Nathaniel Teng

    Metabolic Acidosis

    Hyperkalemia

    Medicine and Healthcare



    What are hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis?




    1 Answer







    Hyperkalemia = high potassium levels in the blood. Commonly due to renal failure- kidneys not able to get rid of potassium so it builds up in your body. Hyperkalemia can be fatal because it causes heart arrhythmias including ventricular fibrillation.

    Metabolic acidosis is also a result of renal failure and is due to the kidneys not being able to excrete enough acid. Normally the pH of your blood is 7.35–7.45, so anything below 7.35 is considered ‘acidosis'. Metabolic in this case simply means caused by the kidneys, as opposed to ‘respiratory' acidosis which is due to airway obstruction and not being able to breathe out enough CO2

    117 Views








    Promoted by PlateJoy


    A weight loss program so good your insurance pays for it.

    Click to see if your insurance participates!




    Learn More at platejoy.com/health








    Related Questions




    How can diarrhea cause metabolic acidosis?


    How does iron poisoning cause metabolic acidosis? How is it treated?


    What are some symptoms of acidosis and hyperkalemia?


    Does metabolic alkalosis help with respiratory acidosis?


    Does hypokalemia cause acidosis or alkalosis? Why?


    How is hyperkalemia related to bradycardia?


    What is uraemic acidosis?


    What causes respiratory acidosis and alkalosis?


    How metabolic acidosis leads to CNS toxicity?


    Why does hyperkalemia cause muscle paralysis?


    How do people develop acidosis and hyperkalemia?


    How are acidosis and hyperkalemia treated?


    Why does metabolic acidosis occur?


    Does Metformin cause metabolic alkalosis or metabolic acidosis?


    How does metabolic acidosis cause abdominal pain?
    Ask New Question






    Related Questions



    How can diarrhea cause metabolic acidosis?


    How does iron poisoning cause metabolic acidosis? How is it treated?


    What are some symptoms of acidosis and hyperkalemia?


    Does metabolic alkalosis help with respiratory acidosis?


    Does hypokalemia cause acidosis or alkalosis? Why?


    How is hyperkalemia related to bradycardia?


    What is uraemic acidosis?


    What causes respiratory acidosis and alkalosis?


    How metabolic acidosis leads to CNS toxicity?


    Why does hyperkalemia cause muscle paralysis?
    Ask New Question

  2. -> Continue reading
read more

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