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What Is The Primary Abnormality In Respiratory Acidosis?

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Respiratory acidosis #sign and symptoms of Respiratory acidosis Respiratory acidosis ABGs Analyse https://youtu.be/L5MWy1iHacI Plz share n subscribe my chanel is a condition that occurs when the lungs cant remove enough of the Suctioning https://youtu.be/hMJGkxvXTW0 carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by the body. Excess CO2 causes the pH of blood and other bodily fluids to decrease, making them too acidic. Normally, the body is able to balance the ions that control acidity. This balance is measured on a pH scale from 0 to 14. Acidosis occurs when the pH of the blood falls below 7.35 (normal blood pH is between 7.35 and 7.45).Rinku Chaudhary NSG officer AMU ALIGARH https://www.facebook.com/rinkutch/ Respiratory acidosis is typically caused by an underlying disease or condition. This is also called respiratory failure or ventilatory failure. Suctioning https://youtu.be/hMJGkxvXTW0 Normally, the lungs take in oxygen and exhale CO2. Oxygen passes from the lungs into the blood. CO2 passes from the blood into the lungs. However, sometimes the lungs cant remove enough CO2. This may be due to a decrease in respiratory rate or decrease in air movement due to an underlying condition such as: asthma COPD pneumonia sleep apnea TYPES Forms of respiratory acidosis There are two forms of respiratory acidosis: acute and chronic. Acute respiratory acidosis occurs quickly. Its a medical emergency. Left untreated, symptoms will get progressively worse. It can become life-threatening. Chronic respiratory acidosis develops over time. It doesnt cause symptoms. Instead, the body adapts to the increased acidity. For example, the kidneys produce more bicarbonate to help maintain balance. Chronic respiratory acidosis may not cause symptoms. Developing another illness may cause chronic respiratory acidosis to worsen and become acute respiratory acidosis. SYMPTOMS Symptoms of respiratory acidosis Initial signs of acute respiratory acidosis include: headache anxiety blurred vision restlessness confusion Without treatment, other symptoms may occur. These include: https://www.healthline.com/health/res... sleepiness or fatigue lethargy delirium or confusion shortness of breath coma The chronic form of respiratory acidosis doesnt typically cause any noticeable symptoms. Signs are subtle and nonspecific and may include: memory loss sleep disturbances personality changes CAUSES Common causes of respiratory acidosis The lungs and the kidneys are the major organs that help regulate your bloods pH. The lungs remove acid by exhaling CO2, and the kidneys excrete acids through the urine. The kidneys also regulate your bloods concentration of bicarbonate (a base). Respiratory acidosis is usually caused by a lung disease or condition that affects normal breathing or impairs the lungs ability to remove CO2. Some common causes of the chronic form are: asthma chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) acute pulmonary edema severe obesity (which can interfere with expansion of the lungs) neuromuscular disorders (such as multiple sclerosis or muscular dystrophy) scoliosis Some common causes of the acute form are: lung disorders (COPD, emphysema, asthma, pneumonia) conditions that affect the rate of breathing muscle weakness that affects breathing or taking a deep breath obstructed airways (due to choking or other causes) sedative overdose cardiac arrest DIAGNOSIS How is respiratory acidosis diagnosed? The goal of diagnostic tests for respiratory acidosis is to look for any pH imbalance, to determine the severity of the imbalance, and to determine the condition causing the imbalance. Several tools can help doctors diagnose respiratory acidosis. Blood gas measurement Blood gas is a series of tests used to measure oxygen and CO2 in the blood. A healthcare provider will take a sample of blood from your artery. High levels of CO2 can indicate acidosis.

4.7 Respiratory Acidosis - Assessment

The arterial pCO2 value is used to quantify the magnitude of the alteration in alveolar ventilation (assuming CO2 production is constant and inspired pCO2 is negligible). The arterial pCO2 alone is not satisfactory for assessing the magnitude of a respiratory acidosis in some cases. In particular, coexisting metabolic acid-base disorders cause compensatory changes in pCO2 and these must be accounted for. The best available quantitative index of the magnitude of a respiratory acidosis is the difference between the 'actual' pCO2 and the 'expected' pCO2 Actual pCO2 - the measured value obtained from arterial blood gas analysis. Expected pCO2 - the value of pCO2 that we calculate would be present taking into account the presence of any metabolic acid-base disorder. If there is no metabolic acid-base disorder then a pCO2 of 40 mmHg is taken as the reference point - ie we would use 40mmHg as the expected pCO2 The reason we have to allow for a metabolic acid-base disorder is that the pCO2 value changes from 40mmHg due solely to the body's compensatory ventilatory response to a metabolic acidosis or alkalosis so just using a value of 40mmHg as normal would be wrong and lead us to incorrec Continue reading >>

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  1. pinkiepunksmummy

    I've been on Metformin slow release for just over a year, was to increase dose to 3 x per day, but my BG was dropping too low (2.7) so went down to 2 x per day. Stayed on that dose for 11 months, sugars started increasing, so GP upped Metformin.
    I'd been having episodes of diarrhoea but not too bad so I was putting up with it. Since upping Metformin to 3 x per day, my stomach has been terrible, diarrhoea every day, cramping, wind, etc. and then I got a tummy bug which really knocked me and left me with uncontrollable explosive diarrhoea meaning I couldn't leave the house for nearly three weeks. I spoke to my GP who said 'stop taking the Metformin and see how you get on, have a blood test in three months'.
    Now, for the past year I have been told that Diabetes is serious, take medications, make lifestyle changes, etc. etc. ...........so, if it is that serious, surely I can't just stop taking medication? If that is the case, then why did I not just have three monthly blood tests and not take any medications in the first place???
    [I insisted that it couldn't be 'okay' to just stop taking Metformin and asked for an alternative, and will get them tomorrow after a mess up with my prescription (Glicazide) ]
    Anyone else had similar? And anyone had stomach side effects from Glicazide?

  2. Beshlie

    Maybe your GP is suggesting that you try controlling your BS levels with diet and exercise? I have only tried Metformin, the ordinary and the SR, and with both I was housebound because of my stomach, and that's no life. But I do keep my BS as near as possible to non diabetic levels, with the occasional spike if trying a new food. I hope you are OK on the Glicazide.

  3. pinkiepunksmummy

    Thanks for the reply....I was told on diagnosis that I was past the point of being able to control it with diet and exercise. I'm only slightly over weight, 36, good diet already lowish carbs, but 3 grandparents were diabetic and my uncle has pre-diabetes. I just don't get how relaxed the GP was about stopping Metformin - although I bet if I said I didn't fancy taking it anymore he wouldn't have been so relaxed!
    I am hoping that the Glicazide is better, thankyou!

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(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) Eve Van Cauter, Professor of Medicine at the University of Chicago, directs the the Sleep, Metabolism and Health Center. She explores how sleep loss and poor sleep quality are risk factors for obesity and diabetes. Series: "UCSF Center for Obesity Assessment, Study and Treatment" [12/2012] [Health and Medicine] [Show ID: 24581]

Types Of Disturbances

The different types of acid-base disturbances are differentiated based on: Origin: Respiratory or metabolic Primary or secondary (compensatory) Uncomplicated or mixed: A simple or uncomplicated disturbance is a single or primary acid-base disturbance with or without compensation. A mixed disturbance is more than one primary disturbance (not a primary with an expected compensatory response). Acid-base disturbances have profound effects on the body. Acidemia results in arrythmias, decreased cardiac output, depression, and bone demineralization. Alkalemia results in tetany and convulsions, weakness, polydipsia and polyuria. Thus, the body will immediately respond to changes in pH or H+, which must be kept within strict defined limits. As soon as there is a metabolic or respiratory acid-base disturbance, body buffers immediately soak up the proton (in acidosis) or release protons (alkalosis) to offset the changes in H+ (i.e. the body compensates for the changes in H+). This is very effective so minimal changes in pH occur if the body is keeping up or the acid-base abnormality is mild. However, once buffers are overwhelmed, the pH will change and kick in stronger responses. Remember tha Continue reading >>

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  1. Rachel

    Does anyone know of a decent but simple keto calc? A couple I've tried baffle me, and an easier one I tried told me to lose 2lb a week I needed to consume 751 calories a day!!

  2. Phil

    2 lb/week requires a 1,000 calorie deficit by the Folk Theory of weight loss, so the 751 would be correct if you're sedentary.
    You need either a lower aspiration or added exercise if you want to eat more.

  3. rachel_d

    But I thought we don't count calories on this? I stick to around 1200 a day, I work on my feet all day, but don't do so much of a weekend only housework, shopping etc

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Hello guys In this video discuss about the basic concept of acidosis and alkalosis and Discuss the topic of respiratory acidosis The cause Sign symptom and treatment Please subscribe my channel for more video And comment which video you want discuss in next videos. Thanks

Respiratory Acidosis

LABORATORY TESTS The following lab tests can be used to interpret and explain acidosis and alkalosis conditions. All are measured on blood samples. 1. pH: This measures hydrogen ions - Normal pH = 7.35-7.45 2. pCO2= Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide: Although this is a pressure measurement, it relates to the concentration of GASEOUS CO2 in the blood. A high pCO2 may indicate acidosis. A low pCO2 may indicate alkalosis. 3. HCO3- = Bicarbonate: This measures the concentration of HCO3- ion only. High values may indicate alkalosis since bicarbonate is a base. Low values may indicate acidosis. 4. CO2 = Carbon Dioxide Content: This is a measure of ALL CO2 liberated on adding acid to blood plasma. This measure both carbon dioxide dissolved and bicarbonate ions and is an older test. Do not confuse with pCO2 Typically, dissolved carbon dioxide = l.2-2.0 mmoles/L and HCO3- = 22-28 mmoles/L Therefore, although it is listed as CO2 content, the lab test really reflects HCO3- concentration. Respiratory Acidosis .ABNORMAL pH IN THE BODY: ACIDOSIS AND ALKALOSIS: INTRODUCTION: Normal blood pH is maintained between 7.35 and 7.45 by the regulatory systems. The lungs regulate the amount of carbon dio Continue reading >>

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  1. Dm 2 with ketoacidosis

    I had a case to code a couple of days ago; patient had "diabetic ketoacidosis." There was no description as to the type of diabetes, so I went with type 2. At this point, I noticed there are combination codes for DM 1, DM due to drug or chemical, due to underlying condition and specified type NEC, but there is no combination code for DM 2 with ketoacidosis. I coded it as DM 2 with complication NEC E11.69 and Ketoacidosis E87.2. The doctor gave an additional diagnosis of lactic acidosis, which is also coded as E87.2. Does anyone have any insights on a better way to code this, or the rationale of not having a combination code for DM type 2 with ketoacidosis? (Incidentally, the patient also had urogenital warts, severe sepsis present on admission, and there was no mention of any kind kidney malfunction.)

  2. I found an answer on another thread that indicated to go with "DM specified type NEC with ketoacidosis (without coma) E13.10" instead of DM 2 with complication NEC E11.69 and ketoacidosis E87.2 (even though the type of diabetes is not specified); seems strange, but I guess that's what I'll do if it ever comes up again.

  3. rbandaru

    Hello,
    As per coding Clinic Diabetic with ketoacidosis code is E13.10 below is reference from coding Clinic.
    Assign code E13.10, Other specified diabetes mellitus with ketoacidosis without coma, for a patient with type 2 diabetes with ketoacidosis. Given the less than perfect limited choices, it was felt that it would be clinically important to identify the fact that the patient has ketoacidosis. The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), who has oversight for volumes I and II of ICD-10-CM, has agreed to consider a future ICD-10-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee meeting proposal
    Regards
    Dr.Ramnath Bandaru, CCS, CPC
    American Medical Services LLC
    http://amshealth.com/
    Twitter: @HospitalCoders

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