What Is Mild Dka?

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What is DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS? What does DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS mean? DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS meaning - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS definition - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Signs and symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, deep gasping breathing, increased urination, weakness, confusion, and occasionally loss of consciousness. A person's breath may develop a specific smell. Onset of symptoms is usually rapid. In some cases people may not realize they previously had diabetes. DKA happens most often in those with type 1 diabetes, but can also occur in those with other types of diabetes under certain circumstances. Triggers may include infection, not taking insulin correctly, stroke, and certain medications such as steroids. DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids which produces acidic ketone bodies. DKA is typically diagnosed when testing finds high blood sugar, low blood pH, and ketoacids in either the blood or urine. The primary treatment of DKA is with intravenous fluids and insulin. Depending on the severity, insulin may be given intravenously or by injection under the skin. Usually potassium is also needed to prevent the development of low blood potassium. Throughout treatment blood sugar and potassium levels should be regularly checked. Antibiotics may be required in those with an underlying infection. In those with severely low blood pH, sodium bicarbonate may be given; however, its use is of unclear benefit and typically not recommended. Rates of DKA vary around the world. About 4% of people with type 1 diabetes in United Kingdom develop DKA a year, while in Malaysia the condition affects about 25% a year. DKA was first described in 1886 and, until the introduction of insulin therapy in the 1920s, it was almost universally fatal. The risk of death with adequate and timely treatment is currently around 1–4%. Up to 1% of children with DKA develop a complication known as cerebral edema. The symptoms of an episode of diabetic ketoacidosis usually evolve over a period of about 24 hours. Predominant symptoms are nausea and vomiting, pronounced thirst, excessive urine production and abdominal pain that may be severe. Those who measure their glucose levels themselves may notice hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels). In severe DKA, breathing becomes labored and of a deep, gasping character (a state referred to as "Kussmaul respiration"). The abdomen may be tender to the point that an acute abdomen may be suspected, such as acute pancreatitis, appendicitis or gastrointestinal perforation. Coffee ground vomiting (vomiting of altered blood) occurs in a minority of people; this tends to originate from erosion of the esophagus. In severe DKA, there may be confusion, lethargy, stupor or even coma (a marked decrease in the level of consciousness). On physical examination there is usually clinical evidence of dehydration, such as a dry mouth and decreased skin turgor. If the dehydration is profound enough to cause a decrease in the circulating blood volume, tachycardia (a fast heart rate) and low blood pressure may be observed. Often, a "ketotic" odor is present, which is often described as "fruity", often compared to the smell of pear drops whose scent is a ketone. If Kussmaul respiration is present, this is reflected in an increased respiratory rate.....

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Print Overview Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. The condition develops when your body can't produce enough insulin. Insulin normally plays a key role in helping sugar (glucose) — a major source of energy for your muscles and other tissues — enter your cells. Without enough insulin, your body begins to break down fat as fuel. This process produces a buildup of acids in the bloodstream called ketones, eventually leading to diabetic ketoacidosis if untreated. If you have diabetes or you're at risk of diabetes, learn the warning signs of diabetic ketoacidosis — and know when to seek emergency care. Symptoms Diabetic ketoacidosis signs and symptoms often develop quickly, sometimes within 24 hours. For some, these signs and symptoms may be the first indication of having diabetes. You may notice: Excessive thirst Frequent urination Nausea and vomiting Abdominal pain Weakness or fatigue Shortness of breath Fruity-scented breath Confusion More-specific signs of diabetic ketoacidosis — which can be detected through home blood and urine testing kits — include: High blood sugar l Continue reading >>

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  1. MathWiz

    I wasn’t sure which section I should post this in, my strategy is what I call the 4–2–1 plan, I fast 2 day non consecutive days a week, eat a low carb but not calorie restricted diet 4 days a week to keep the fat burning benefits of ketosis going and then I give myself 1 day a week to indulge and eat whatever I want, usually a Saturday pasta dinner and wonderful dessert. I also walk 4 to 6 miles a day during the week and 10 to 12 miles on Saturday.
    Low Carb plans such as Atkins can be very effective for some people including me, many people who start a low carb diet experience get what’s called the “ketosis flu” or the “induction flu” in the first few days while the body is adapting to burning ketones instead of glucose.
    The basic symptoms are:
    – Headaches
    – Nausea
    – Upset stomach
    – Lack of mental clarity (brain fog)
    – Sleepiness
    – Fatigue
    It’s called the “ketosis flu” for a reason: you feel sick. I’ve gone through it and it wasn’t a pleasant experience. Fortunately it only lasted 2 days but then suddenly I woke up feeling much better, less hungry and my energy level was really high and consistent throughout the day!
    The first time I thought to myself: “What the heck am I doing? I feel like I’m going to die!” but I persevered and when it was over I didn’t regret a thing because what I had gained mentally and physically was 100% worth it.
    For those of you that are going through the ketosis flu, don’t give up! I know you feel like it’s never going to get better but stick with it and you´ll be so happy you did! I’m telling you, waking up refreshed for the first time in years, not getting the afternoon “blah” feeling and stuffing my face with carbs to try to boost my energy is the best side effect of the low carb diet I’ve experienced. Okay, losing weight while eating good food, feeling full and satisfied is great too.
    First you have to understand why your body is reacting this way. Your body’s been burning glucose for energy so it’s basically full of enzymes that are waiting to deal with the carbs you eat, but now the body needs to make new enzymes that burn fat for fuel instead of carbs, and the transition period causes the flu-like symptoms.
    There are some things you can do to lessen the symptoms of the ketosis flu and to make it go away sooner (to force the body to transition sooner) Ok, let’s get to the good part – what to do:
    First of all – you’re probably dehydrated. Drink PLENTY of water while you’re on a low carb diet, and then drink some more.
    Watch your electrolytes. When the body is getting rid of excess insulin from your former carb-crazy diet you´ll lose lots of fluids that have been retained in your body. This causes the rapid weight loss most people see in their first few days of ketosis, it’s mostly water, sorry. When you lose all the retained water you also lose electrolytes like sodium, magnesium and potassium. When you’re lacking them you´ll feel like crap so when you’re feeling really ill on the ketosis flu try things like chicken/beef broth and look for foods rich in these minerals. Take a multi-vitamin and a multi-mineral.
    Ok, here is where people throw the red flag – Eat more fat – Yup, I said MORE fat. Have some butter, just not on a roll, eat some bacon and eggs for breakfast, just skip the potatoes and toast. This will force your body to hurry up the transition. You´ll think this is crazy and think you´ll never get lose weight eating this way, but you will.
    Don’t eat too much protein – The body can transform protein into glucose so if you eat too much of it in the first days it will slow down the transition. Go for fatty meat and cheese if you can, add fat to protein shakes etc.
    Drink water, replenish electrolytes (sodium, magnesium, potassium) with food and supplements, drink broth, eat fat and not too much protein.
    I hope this helps, and have a great day

  2. rockyromero

    ” Take a multi-vitamin and a multi-mineral.”
    I have been forgetting to take a multi-vitamin on fast days. Thanks for the reminder.
    “Eat more fat – Yup, I said MORE fat. ”
    I will have avocado more often.

  3. AussieJess

    Thanks for that info, very interesting

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Signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis - symptoms of diabetic coma What is Diabetic Ketoacidosis? Diabetic ketoacidosis is a potentially fatal condition Happens when blood sugar levels are too high for an extended period of time When high blood sugar does not get treated, ketones gather in the blood and urine Signs and Symptoms of Diabeticketoacidosis Excessive urination, Extreme thirst and dry mouth Extreme fatigue or weakness and decreased appetite Fruity odor of breath or metallic taste in mouth Nausea and Vomiting and Abdominal pain Breathlessness or difficulty in taking breath Disorientation and confusion leading to Loss of consciousness and coma diabetic ketoacidosis anion gap diabetic ketoacidosis lab values diabetic ketoacidosis pathophysiology pathophysiology of diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Symptoms

What is diabetic ketoacidosis? Diabetic ketoacidosis, also referred to as simply ketoacidosis or DKA, is a serious and even life-threatening complication of type 1 diabetes. DKA is rare in people with type 2 diabetes. DKA is caused when insulin levels are low and not enough glucose can get into the body's cells. Without glucose for energy, the body starts to burn fat for energy. Ketones are products that are created when the body burns fat. The buildup of ketones causes the blood to become more acidic. The high levels of blood glucose in DKA cause the kidneys to excrete glucose and water, leading to dehydration and imbalances in body electrolyte levels. Diabetic ketoacidosis most commonly develops either due to an interruption in insulin treatment or a severe illness, including the flu. What are the symptoms and signs of diabetic ketoacidosis? The development of DKA is usually a slow process. However, if vomiting develops, the symptoms can progress more rapidly due to the more rapid loss of body fluid. Excessive urination, which occurs because the kidneys try to rid the body of excess glucose, and water is excreted along with the glucose High blood glucose (sugar) levels The presen Continue reading >>

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  1. NicoleAnn

    Ketones and Unrinary Tract Infection

    Is it normal when you have a high level of ketone's in your system to get a urinary tract infection? I'm kinda wondering about it, since my doctor doesn't listen to me when I say I have ketone's and he gives me antibiotics for a urinary tract infection. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

  2. MarkM

    Infections are not caused by ketones. But they are encouraged by the high blood sugar that often accompanies ketones. Bacteria love warm moist places where there are lots of nutrients. If you lower your blood sugar to the point there is no longer sugar in your urine, you will be removing one of the key attractions. And hopefully you won't get so many infections. But until this happens, you are going to have to use antibiotics ... .

  3. Kaki

    I already commented on your blog this morning regarding ketones, as an individual who has had many UTI's, women know when they have an infection, as its not possible to urinate without that burning sensation, which we do not tolerate very well and will send you immediately to your doctor for medication to resolve a UTI, you made no mention as to whether you did in fact give your doctor a urine specimen.

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, And Complications

Diabetic ketoacidosis definition and facts Diabetic ketoacidosis is a life-threatening complication of type 1 diabetes (though rare, it can occur in people with type 2 diabetes) that occurs when the body produces high levels of ketones due to lack of insulin. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin. The signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include Risk factors for diabetic ketoacidosis are type 1 diabetes, and missing insulin doses frequently, or being exposed to a stressor requiring higher insulin doses (infection, etc). Diabetic ketoacidosis is diagnosed by an elevated blood sugar (glucose) level, elevated blood ketones and acidity of the blood (acidosis). The treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis is insulin, fluids and electrolyte therapy. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be prevented by taking insulin as prescribed and monitoring glucose and ketone levels. The prognosis for a person with diabetic ketoacidosis depends on the severity of the disease and the other underlying medical conditions. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a severe and life-threatening complication of diabetes. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when the cells in our body do not receive Continue reading >>

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  1. zcohen33

    Doing Keto with suspected metabolic damage

    I come seeking advice on whether or not it would be good to start a ketogenic diet again with the intention of losing body fat. Let me explain my history as briefly as I can.
    I've been dieting on and off for years. I am a 27 year old male at a height of 5 ft 9 inches. Currently I weigh 190.5 lbs at 20.6% body fat according to my scale. The heaviest I've ever been is 240 lbs back at around 2013ish. The lowest I've ever weighed was 170.3 lbs during the timespan of April, May, Jun 2016.
    I guess you could say I have an endomorph body type. I don't eat a lot of food right now and I can gain weight very easily if I were to binge eat on fast food or sugary foods. I have a sedentary job in a desk monday - friday. I've done plenty of yo-yo dieting over the years, utilizing a keto diet in the past that helped me achieve 170 lbs on the scale. When I was trying to achieve that weight loss I was eating around 1200-1400 calories with ketogenic type macros. I was mostly just running 30 minutes a night, with no weight lifting and this helped move the scale consistently. I would never maintain a keto diet strictly for more than a few months at a time. Ultimately I'd fall off the diet, and maybe binge eat a little bit, put some weight on, then cut calories again and getting back to that pre binge weight. I feel like doing this over and over has taught my body that <=1300 calories is the new maintenance point using keto macros or non keto macros.
    I've been trying to reverse diet out of my situation so that i can rebuild my metabolic capacity. My current macro split is 45 grams of fat, 145 grams of carbohydrates, and 175 grams of protein. I weigh and measure my food accurately using a food scale and try to eat 5 meals a day. I weigh myself daily in the morning. I've been doing this reverse diet for almost 3 weeks now. My exercise is just heavy weightlifting with a 5-10 minute cardio warmup before lifting. I lift one day, rest the next day, and lift again the following day. Workouts are body building style workouts with 2 muscle groups per training session. Doing this with the above macros I've slowly been putting weight on the scale. 3 weeks ago I was around 187.8 and now hovering between 189.5 - 190.5 so far. I notice that if I stay between that range for a few days, I try and bump up 5g of carbs and observe the changes. I've been slowly incrementing my carbs and protein 5g every 4-5 days and just try to make sure the scale doesn't jump too much. So far this has been working well. Even though my weight is increasing, visually I've been told by my wife that I look more muscular and leaner. However, I've noticed that my pants are getting tighter, I no longer need a belt to hold up 34 inch jeans and they are almost to the point now where they are too uncomfortable to wear and I may go up to a 36 inch waist.
    I thought that I may just be insulin sensitive from previous bouts to keto to the point now where I may just not process carbs anymore like I used to. I theorize that my body just might prefer fat as the fuel source and may struggle using carbs/glucose the way that it used to.
    My ultimate problem seems to be being consistent with a diet and following through. What I want to know is ,would it be a good idea to keep my calorie numbers the same, but switch the macro nutrients to convert this into a ketogenic diet with the goal of fat loss? Or would it be beneficial to stay the course and slowly try to continue to build metabolic capacity through reverse dieting and eating carbs? I do want to diet down and be able to hold a lean ~170ish weight in the future. Sorry this post is long but I feel the details are relevant to paint an accurate picture for any advice from the community.

  2. StrandedWhale

    metabolic damage is not real. Keeping calories the same but removing carbs in addition for fat will not change anything cept water weight. You wont build metabolic capacity from reverse dieting. As you gain weight your bmr will go up.
    Imo don't go keto

  3. DanLincoln

    You have written so much uneducated nonsense that I cant address everything you have posted.
    Read the stickies in this forum section and learn the basics of weight loss.
    Ignore everything you think you know about body types, metabolic damage and being insulin sensitive. Weight loss is a very basic formula of calories in v calories out, nothing else to it. I'll second the above, don't do Keto

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