What Is Body Condition Scoring In Cattle?
Body condition scoring in cattle is a means to measure the level of fatness over the skeletal frame of a cow, bull, steer, heifer or even calf. Body condition scoring is a means of determining and monitoring fertility (level of reproduction) and feed efficiency. Body condition scoring is also used in all other animals, however it's much more a determinant of health status than production, particularly in companion animals. Body condition scoring or BCS is evaluated using a number system. In cattle (both beef and dairy) there are actually two number systems, the name of either systems depends on where you live. The first is the scale from 1 to 5, and the second being 1 to 9. In the United States, the 1 to 9 scale is primarily used in beef cattle (would be considered the Beef BCS scale), and 1 to 5 is typically the Dairy BCS scale. In Canada, the 1 to 9 scale is considered the American scale, and 1 to 5 the Canadian scale, this because the latter is used commonly in both beef and dairy cattle. As per the scale goes, 1 is the most emaciated with no fat cover, and 5 (or 9) is very fat or obese. Normal condition for cows is between 2.5 and 3.5 (CDN BCS) or 5 and 6 (USA BCS). The Canadia Continue reading >>