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What Is Glucose Stored As In The Body?

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Where Is Glucose Stored?

Glucose is a type of sugar produced when your body breaks down carbohydrates. Your body needs glucose to produce energy. You also need glucose for optimal nervous system and brain activity, which is essential for cognitive functions such as memory, learning and concentration. "Where is it stored?" you may ask. Where Is Glucose Stored? The body uses carbs in the food and turns them into glucose. That glucose can then enter your bloodstream, fuel your muscle system, or go into your liver. Irrespective of where glucose is stored, your body always uses it to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a compound that is the actual source of energy. 1. Bloodstream The most recently converted glucose usually goes directly into your bloodstream. Once in the bloodstream, that glucose becomes immediately available for the production of ATP which provides your body with energy to handle certain processes. The oxygen from the cardio-respiratory system also helps facilitate the whole process of energy production. 2. Muscle System Your body can also store glucose in the muscle system. For this, your body first converts glucose into glycogen and then stores it in the muscle system. Once converted into Continue reading >>

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  1. ketopiglet

    Hello fellow ketoers,
    I have been 3 weeks in nutritional ketosis, as verified by daily blood ketone monitoring. Today I got my cholesterol results and they are not what I hoped. In short, my good values all went to worse. Should I continue with ketosis? Should I alter my food intake, e.g. reduce saturated fats? Any comments and information appreciated!
    Background: male, 30 years, 184 cm (6+ ft), 63 kg (~138 lbs).
    My values:
    Value Before keto After keto (3 weeks)

    LDL
    2.10 mmol/l (~81 mg/dl)
    3.90 mmol/l (~150 mg/dl)
    HDL
    2.73 mmol/l (~105 mg/dl)
    2.59 mmol/l (~100 mg/dl)
    Total
    5.20 mmol/l (~201 mg/dl)
    6.90 mmol/l (~266 mg/dl)
    Triglycerides 0.8 mmol/l (~70 mg/dl) - no change in ketosis.
    Edit: corrected mg/dl readings - my conversions were wrong.

  2. anbeav

    3 weeks keto, consider these your pre keto results
    Do nothing, repeat when weight stable

  3. ketopiglet

    Thanks for the reply. I consider my weight stable. It has been this +- 2kg for over a year.

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The Liver & Blood Sugar

During a meal, your liver stores sugar for later. When you’re not eating, the liver supplies sugar by turning glycogen into glucose in a process called glycogenolysis. The liver both stores and produces sugar… The liver acts as the body’s glucose (or fuel) reservoir, and helps to keep your circulating blood sugar levels and other body fuels steady and constant. The liver both stores and manufactures glucose depending upon the body’s need. The need to store or release glucose is primarily signaled by the hormones insulin and glucagon. During a meal, your liver will store sugar, or glucose, as glycogen for a later time when your body needs it. The high levels of insulin and suppressed levels of glucagon during a meal promote the storage of glucose as glycogen. The liver makes sugar when you need it…. When you’re not eating – especially overnight or between meals, the body has to make its own sugar. The liver supplies sugar or glucose by turning glycogen into glucose in a process called glycogenolysis. The liver also can manufacture necessary sugar or glucose by harvesting amino acids, waste products and fat byproducts. This process is called gluconeogenesis. When your b Continue reading >>

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  1. LoveANurse

    ketosis signs?

    what are some obviouse physical signs that you may be in ketosis.
    breath? urine? mentality?

  2. stang1101

    bad breath, urine stinks. Get some ketostix to get a more accurate reading.

  3. New_York

    Brain fog, bad breath, urine stinks, urine is always yellow even when hydrated(spelling?)...

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What is GLYCOGEN? What does GLYCOGEN mean? GLYCOGEN meaning, definition & explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi. The polysaccharide structure represents the main storage form of glucose in the body. In humans, glycogen is made and stored primarily in the cells of the liver and the muscles hydrated with three or four parts of water. Glycogen functions as the secondary long-term energy storage, with the primary energy stores being fats held in adipose tissue. Muscle glycogen is converted into glucose by muscle cells, and liver glycogen converts to glucose for use throughout the body including the central nervous system. Glycogen is the analogue of starch, a glucose polymer that functions as energy storage in plants. It has a structure similar to amylopectin (a component of starch), but is more extensively branched and compact than starch. Both are white powders in their dry state. Glycogen is found in the form of granules in the cytosol/cytoplasm in many cell types, and plays an important role in the glucose cycle. Glycogen forms an energy reserve that can be quickly mobilized to meet a sudden need for glucose, but one that is less compact than the energy reserves of triglycerides (lipids). In the liver, glycogen can comprise from 5 to 6% of its fresh weight (100–120 g in an adult). Only the glycogen stored in the liver can be made accessible to other organs. In the muscles, glycogen is found in a low concentration (1-2% of the muscle mass). The amount of glycogen stored in the body—especially within the muscles, liver, and red blood cells—mostly depends on physical training, basal metabolic rate, and eating habits. Small amounts of glycogen are found in the kidneys, and even smaller amounts in certain glial cells in the brain and white blood cells. The uterus also stores glycogen during pregnancy to nourish the embryo.

Glycogen

Schematic two-dimensional cross-sectional view of glycogen: A core protein of glycogenin is surrounded by branches of glucose units. The entire globular granule may contain around 30,000 glucose units.[1] A view of the atomic structure of a single branched strand of glucose units in a glycogen molecule. Glycogen (black granules) in spermatozoa of a flatworm; transmission electron microscopy, scale: 0.3 µm Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in humans,[2] animals,[3] fungi, and bacteria. The polysaccharide structure represents the main storage form of glucose in the body. Glycogen functions as one of two forms of long-term energy reserves, with the other form being triglyceride stores in adipose tissue (i.e., body fat). In humans, glycogen is made and stored primarily in the cells of the liver and skeletal muscle.[2][4] In the liver, glycogen can make up from 5–6% of the organ's fresh weight and the liver of an adult weighing 70 kg can store roughly 100–120 grams of glycogen.[2][5] In skeletal muscle, Glycogen is found in a low concentration (1–2% of the muscle mass) and the skeletal muscle of an adult weighing 70 kg c Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. LoveANurse

    ketosis signs?

    what are some obviouse physical signs that you may be in ketosis.
    breath? urine? mentality?

  2. stang1101

    bad breath, urine stinks. Get some ketostix to get a more accurate reading.

  3. New_York

    Brain fog, bad breath, urine stinks, urine is always yellow even when hydrated(spelling?)...

  4. -> Continue reading
read more

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