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What Is Fully Compensated Respiratory Acidosis?

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Respiratory acidosis #sign and symptoms of Respiratory acidosis Respiratory acidosis ABGs Analyse https://youtu.be/L5MWy1iHacI Plz share n subscribe my chanel is a condition that occurs when the lungs cant remove enough of the Suctioning https://youtu.be/hMJGkxvXTW0 carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by the body. Excess CO2 causes the pH of blood and other bodily fluids to decrease, making them too acidic. Normally, the body is able to balance the ions that control acidity. This balance is measured on a pH scale from 0 to 14. Acidosis occurs when the pH of the blood falls below 7.35 (normal blood pH is between 7.35 and 7.45).Rinku Chaudhary NSG officer AMU ALIGARH https://www.facebook.com/rinkutch/ Respiratory acidosis is typically caused by an underlying disease or condition. This is also called respiratory failure or ventilatory failure. Suctioning https://youtu.be/hMJGkxvXTW0 Normally, the lungs take in oxygen and exhale CO2. Oxygen passes from the lungs into the blood. CO2 passes from the blood into the lungs. However, sometimes the lungs cant remove enough CO2. This may be due to a decrease in respiratory rate or decrease in air movement due to an underlying condition such as: asth

Respiratory Acidosis

Respiratory acidosis is an abnormal clinical process that causes the arterial Pco2 to increase to greater than 40 mm Hg. Increased CO2 concentration in the blood may be secondary to increased CO2 production or decreased ventilation. Larry R. Engelking, in Textbook of Veterinary Physiological Chemistry (Third Edition) , 2015 Respiratory acidosis can arise from a break in any one of these links. For example, it can be caused from depression of the respiratory center through drugs or metabolic disease, or from limitations in chest wall expansion due to neuromuscular disorders or trauma (Table 90-1). It can also arise from pulmonary disease, card iog en ic pu lmon a ryedema, a spira tion of a foreign body or vomitus, pneumothorax and pleural space disease, or through mechanical hypoventilation. Unless there is a superimposed or secondary metabolic acidosis, the plasma anion gap will usually be normal in respiratory acidosis. Kamel S. Kamel MD, FRCPC, Mitchell L. Halperin MD, FRCPC, in Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Physiology (Fifth Edition) , 2017 Respiratory acidosis is characterized by an increased arterial blood PCO2 and H+ ion concentration. The major cause of respiratory acido Continue reading >>

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  1. Dryden Cope

    Many consequences of the Continuum Hypothesis can be found in the paper: http://www.math.yorku.ca/~stepra... . Also this review of Sierpinski's book on the Continuum Hypothesis mentions several similar references:http://www.ams.org/bull/1936-42-... . There is a web page dedicated to the Continuum Hypothesis here: http://www.ams.org/bull/1936-42-... www.ii.com/math/ch/ .

  2. David Joyce

    The largest consequence is a lack of completeness. The Continuum Hypothesis lacks axiomatic support and therefore from Kurt Godel we know it is impossible to logically prove that it is true using our set of axioms in ZFC. Completeness is what makes mathematics solid and without it, and assuming one case of the GCH creates a false sense of completeness within ZFC. You can't actually prove it works or doesn't work in ZFC.

  3. Manees Mehta

    Watch this explanation

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Chemical bonding introduction video shows how covalent bond means 2 hydrogen atoms can stick together to form a hydrogen molecule, H2. The video also explains why helium cannot form bonds and hence is called a noble gas. Subscribe to watch more online chemistry courses & science videos: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCiX8p... About Atomic School: Atomic School supports the teaching of Atomic Theory to primary school & science students . We provide lesson plans, hands-on classroom resources, demonstration equipment, quizzes and a Teacher's Manual to primary school teachers. Animated videos that clearly explain the scientific ideas supports learning by both teachers and students. As a teacher, you don't have to look anywhere else to implement this program. Our work has been verified by science education researchers at the University of Southern Queensland, Dr Jenny Donovan and Dr Carole Haeusler, who confirm that primary students are capable of learning much more complex scientific concepts than previously thought, and crucially, that they love it. Students run to class! The program has been trialed in Australian schools as well as schools in the Philippines, Iran and India. It is c

Why Measure Blood Gases? A Three-part Introduction For The Novice. Part 2.

Why measure blood gases? A three-part introduction for the novice. Part 2. Why measure blood gases? A three-part introduction for the novice. Part 2. Arterial blood gases (ABG), a clinical test that involves measurement of the pH of arterial blood and the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide dissolved in arterial blood, is routinely used in the diagnosis and monitoring of predominantly critically/acutely ill patients being cared for in hospital emergency rooms and intensive care units. The test allows assessment of two related physiological functions: pulmonary gas exchange and acid-base homeostasis. This is the second of three articles intended to explain the clinical value of ABG to those with little or no experience of the test. The first article focused on the physiological aspects that underpin an understanding of patient ABG results. The concepts of pH, acid, base and buffer were explained, and the parameters generated during ABG were defined and related to pulmonary gas exchange and acid-base homeostasis. In this second article attention turns to the clinical significance of abnormal ABG results, specifically abnormality in three ABG parameters (pH, pCO2(a) and bicarbonate) Continue reading >>

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  1. MikeCrazy

    So I'm getting into ketosis and have come across something that all new should know about...(if they don't already), the keto flu, so to speak. It feels like the flu and/or food poisoning, and can scare the willpower out of you, if you don't know what's going on. Let me explain:
    WARNING THIS COULD BE SLIGHTLY GRAPHIC - THOSE WITH SENSITIVE STOMACHS BE ADVISED
    I'm on day 12 of this diet, and last night I over exerted myself with some exercise. As a result, a mild feeling of nausea that had been subtly bugging me, turned into some quality time with my head hanging over the porcelain throne. I was like WTF is wrong with me? My gut hurt so bad that I almost considered going to the hospital, and my nausea was through the roof. This coming from a guy who was known for the "iron stomach," needless to say, had me very worried. Had I understood what was happening, and what would happen, while transitioning through what's called induction, I would have prepared better, and it wouldn't have been as bad, or maybe almost unnoticeable.
    Things to know:
    1 - Enzymes. Your body makes enzymes for the digestion of fat and starches/sugars, in your stomach. These enzymes are fairly specific, and if they are out of balance you can get a bit upset in there.
    2 - Fungal. Candida cultures (yeast) throughout our bodies, and especially in our gut, thrive on sugars. If you cut the sugar, they die in swaths leaving toxins behind. All those toxins, if not properly flushed, will cause gastronomic distress, a temporary increase in acne, and even cough, stuffiness, and nasty achy flu symptoms. Flushing is the key, leading to the next point:
    3 - Fluids. Not drinking enough water, and not getting the proper balance of electrolytes in your system, will allow a build up of all the toxins release from all sources, including toxins stored in your fat cells. You can have all sorts of issues from it, let alone the dehydration issue – in and of itself.
    4 - Liver. Your liver must deal with all these toxins in your system, and if you are already on the toxic side of the coin, a keto induction can throw your liver into overtime. This causes pain, nausea, and more flu like symptoms. You can feel like death warmed over, when your liver is weak and over-taxed. Again, fluids help, but you may need to reduce fat, and total caloric intake for a few days, to give your liver a chance to catch up. I also hear that turmeric tea helps the liver detox, but I don't know much about it yet.
    So there you have it folks. That’s the scary side of keto induction. It's not so scary and bad, if you know what's going on, and you prepare for it. The biggest key is to drink lots of water with electrolytes.
    Good luck, and stay healthy!

  2. SnowFlinga

    Be careful with the exercise while keto-adapting. You're in a kind of "limbo land" while still in the adaptation phase; you're no longer giving your body the carbs it expects to refuel your glycogen stores and you're not quite efficient yet at burning ketones for energy. So exercise during this period can be a real mixed bag and for some people can sideline them in their attempt to adapt to this WOE.

  3. Leonidas_meets_Spartacus

    It's hard to prepare and depends on individual. I probably had worst 4 weeks of my life when I started eating this way, but it's been very easy for me to maintain with out any cravings for carbs.

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8-step Guide To Abg Analysis: Tic-tac-toe Method

An arterial blood gas (ABG) is a blood test that measures the acidity (pH) and the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood . Blood for an ABG test is taken from an artery whereas most other blood tests are done on a sample of blood taken from a vein. This test is done to monitor several conditions that can cause serious health complications especially to critically ill individuals. Every day, a lot of nursing and medical students assigned in acute areas encounter ABG results, which they may not necessarily be able to interpret with its knotty aspect. They struggle over the interpretation of its measurements, but they are not especially complicated nor difficult if you understand the basic physiology and have a step by step process to analyze and interpret them. There may be various tips and strategies to guide you, from mnemonics, to charts, to lectures, to practice, but this article will tell you how to interpret ABGs in the easiest possible way. And once you have finished reading this, youll be doing actual ABG analysis in the NCLEX with fun and excitement! Here are the steps: Know the normal and abnormal ABG values when you review the lab reports. Theyre fairly easy to Continue reading >>

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  1. kryptomancer

    Experienced fasters: How long does it take you to reach ketosis?

    It seems that it takes about 3 days for the average person to get into a state of ketosis when fasting.
    For those of you who are veterans of fasting, especially longer fasts (5+ days), how long does it take you to get into ketosis?
    I'm curious about this due to this guy going into ketosis in only 2 days on his second 5 day fast. Was wondering if it was due to the avocado or his body just adapting faster.

  2. Glarsie

    You should be in ketosis once your liver glycogen stores are depleted. In a fast this should occur in 24-48hrs after your last meal and will be influenced by your insulin sensitivity (which affects you basal insulin level) and the amount of glycogen in your liver (ie what you ate leading up to the fast). It's entirely possible (some would argue desirable) to be in ketosis before fasting. Nutritional ketosis generally starts when you have a betahydroxybuterate level greater than .5 mmol/L which can't be accurately measured through urine ketostix which only show excreted acetoacetate (not blood concentrations of BHB). You can turn those keto sticks dark purple just by restricting fluid intake and becoming slightly dehydrated or equally make them not register by drinking half a gallon of water.
    Ketosis is brought on by a lack of carbohydrates/insulin and not by the presence of fat.
    Eat under 20g of net carbs per day (don't count fibre) for 3 days and you will be in ketosis. You will probably be in ketosis sooner, but 3 days is pretty true for everyone.
    Remember that as you produce ketones you will start to use them as well as free fatty acids for fuel (less is excreted in urine and blood levels don't increase indefinitely). In the end ketones will be used primarily for your brain and other tissues not able to use FFA while glucose will be reserved for cells that can only use glucose (eg red blood cells and some parts of the brain). The breakdown of triglycerides into FFAs also releases glycerol that is converted into glucose to supply the now reduced demand for glucose. This doesn't happen as soon as you produce ketones but over a few days as your levels increase.
    Edit: nutritional ketosis defined as starting at .5 rather than .3 mmol/l

  3. kryptomancer

    this should occur in 24-48hrs after your last meal
    Actually in the link I posted it took 3 days initially for the guy to go into ketosis, then on the second time through it only took him 2. I'm very interested in to why this was as I am planning on doing a series of longer fasts and want to make it as easy as possible.
    and will be influenced by your insulin sensitivity
    So perhaps the reason why the 2nd fast was quicker to get into ketosis with due to increased insulin sensitivity from his initial fast?
    and the amount of glycogen in your liver (ie what you ate leading up to the fast).
    This is my current plan: eat under 20g carbs for two days, start water fasting on the third and lifting heavy squats and dead lifts; then taking apple cider vinegar before bed.

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