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What Is Fully Compensated Respiratory Acidosis?

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This video helps the Spanish Medical Interpreter by expanding his/her Spanish Medical Terminology by demonstrating how to Pronounce Insulin in Spanish and adding a visual description of the word.

Abg Interpreter

pH CO2 HCO3 Result appears in here. Normal Arterial Blood Gas Values pH 7.35-7.45 PaCO2 35-45 mm Hg PaO2 80-95 mm Hg HCO3 22-26 mEq/L O2 Saturation 95-99% BE +/- 1 Four-Step Guide to ABG Analysis Is the pH normal, acidotic or alkalotic? Are the pCO2 or HCO3 abnormal? Which one appears to influence the pH? If both the pCO2 and HCO3 are abnormal, the one which deviates most from the norm is most likely causing an abnormal pH. Check the pO2. Is the patient hypoxic? I used Swearingen's handbook (1990) to base the results of this calculator. The book makes the distinction between acute and chronic disorders based on symptoms from identical ABGs. This calculator only differentiates between acute (pH abnormal) and compensated (pH normal). Compensation can be seen when both the PCO2 and HCO3 rise or fall together to maintain a normal pH. Part compensation occurs when the PCO2 and HCO3 rise or fall together but the pH remains abnormal. This indicates a compensatory mechanism attempted to restore a normal pH. I have not put exact limits into the calculator. For example, it will perceive respiratory acidosis as any pH < 7.35 and any CO2 > 45 (i.e. a pH of 1 and CO2 of 1000). These results do Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Lucifel-

    How to break a fast and stay in ketosis?

    I'm doing a 7-day water fast for the detoxing benefits, and to enter in ketosis state before i indroduce my new diet. But how do I break this fast? People usually say to eat things like fruits/juices. But what if I want to stay in the ketosis state ? What should I eat in the first days after the fast?
    I'm thinking in going with eggs (3 maximum) and veggies on the first days. What do you guys recommend?

  2. iseztomabel

    I just finished a 6-day water fast last week. It was my first so I was very cautious. Some people break with watermelon, so that's what I did, but not enough to kick me out of ketosis, just enough to let my digestive system know that it was time to wake up. I don't think I would bother with the watermelon again -- no point for me. Right after that, I drank a few oz of unsweetened kefir and half an avocado. Then I went to bed. The next day, I just ate normally and everything was fine. If you want to stay in ketosis, I would just break your fast low-carb, continue with a ketogenic diet and call it good.

  3. 4 points

    Some people like fruit and vegies after they break fast. I think healthy living is great doesn't matter one is vegan or not.
    To me its about self control, eating fat makes me happy and protect me from any carb binge. Now I can fast daily 20 hours or more with no cravings. As for longer fasts I remember breaking my 5 day no water fast with tons of meat and water. I also remember other times breaking with coffee/butter blend. Yeh keto all the way.

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Here I explain a bit about ABG"s or Arterial Blood Gases, and what values are normal, what values are abnormal, a chart to help you solve which type of compensation it is (metabolic or Respiratory), is it Acidosis or Alkalosis, and how much it may have compensated or not. Please open the charts in a second & 3 browser to reference, or open the normal range chart on google! At the end, I show easy tricks and ways on how to remember the chart, so you can recreate it for a nursing test, respiratory test, or Medical Laboratory science test, etc. Thanks for Watching! Medical Maura

Easy Way To Interpret Abg Values

ABG values can be very intimidating! Its hard to remember all the different normal values, what they mean, and which direction theyre supposed to be going. With so much information, its super easy to get mixed up and make a stupid mistake on an exam, even when you really DO know how to interpret ABGs. In this article, Im focusing more on the How to, rather than understanding whats going on with the A&P, which Ive already done in previous articles. If you want to understand whythese steps work (which you should do anyway to become a great nurse!),take some time to review my articles on Respiratory Imbalances and Metabolic Imbalances . Heres my 7-step method to interpreting ABGs. We have three puzzle pieces to put together: B)uncompensated, partially compensated, or compensated 1) Across the top of your page, write down the normal values for the three most important ABG lab results: pH (7.35-7.45), PaCO2 (35-45), and HCO3 (22-26). 2) Underneath pH, draw arrows to remind you which direction is acidic (down), and which direction is basic (down). 3) UnderneathPaCO2, and HCO3, draw arrows to remind you what abnormally high and low values would do to the bodys pH. When youre done, your p Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. KOSHIE1

    KETOSIS is a chemical /metabolic state your body is (or isn't!) in. Either your carbs are low enough for your body to be in ketosis, OR NOT. As long as you are in ketosis, your body metabolizes food differently -- it is totally irrelevant whether you are consuming "X" or "Y" number of carbs. In other words, IF you are in ketosis, it doesn't matter how deeply you are in ketosis, or how deeply purple your Ketostix are. You simply ARE or ARE NOT in ketosis.
    Eat too many carbs and your body goes out of ketosis, and changes the way it metabolizes food.
    WHILE IN KETOSIS, you cannot get all the caloric energy out of the food you eat. Fat will only give you 1 (ONE!) calorie of energy, not 9! Protein will give you only 2 calories, not 4; but carbs will still give you the full 4 calories whether or not you are in ketosis.
    So, your Ketostix turn purple because you are in ketosis and producing ketones through your now-inefficient metabolic breakdown of fat. Deeper purple is caused by more ketones, which is caused by eating more fat -- it has absolutely NOTHING to do with changing your body's "level" of ketosis. Remember, you either ARE or ARE NOT in ketosis! THERE ARE NO LEVELS OF KETOSIS, ONLY CONCENTRATIONS OF KETONES, which is entirely dependent upon how much fat you eat.
    So if you are sure you are in ketosis (which you seem to be because your Ketostix are still consistently turning even the palest shade of purple -- which can only happen if you are producing ketones which can only happen if you are in ketosis), then you can only have a limited number of problems (and it isn't ketosis!):
    1. You are simply eating TOO much, too many calories to lose weight! (and it probably is protein).
    2. You are on a plateau, and simply must wait it out.
    3. You are having a "sensitivity" issue that is causing you to retain your weight (probably water). You could be sensitive to anything: milk products, gluten, artificial sweeteners (beware maltitol), medicines, ...
    Three weeks is not an unusually long time for your weight to be stable despite your "best efforts" at losing weight. Review your daily food records and see if there is anything different about the last three weeks. Maybe you can find a clue that way.
    Note: Are you eating maltitol? LOTs of people stall by eating maltitol. "They" say maltitol has "ZERO" effective carbs; but the USDA has research that indicates that maltitol is actually worth "half" its total grams, NOT none of its grams!


    current weight: 206.0



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  2. URMYLF

    Are your calories too high?
    I have noticed that if my carbs are the right level and I'm in ketosis, that if I see how many calories I've eaten, I'm usually around/over 1500.
    According to Atkins, eating protein/fat is supposed to keep you full so you don't want or need to overeat. I must concur! When I overeat because it tastes so good, but I'm not hungry, I see it in the scale. For me, I've learned 1200-1300 is a good place to be, and 70% fat/30% protein is a good ratio for me (the carbs range from 20-35 when I'm losing).
    Eating after dinner also causes me to stall.
    Carrie


    current weight: 192.0



    192

    189.5

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  3. JUST_JULIA

    Tinamarie, are you actually counting your carbs? You may be eating more carbs than you think. I understand that you can register in ketosis with up to 30 net carbs/day, maybe more, but if you're in the induction phase, you only want to be at 20. I am pretty much at that point too. Also, are you exercising. I tend to lose more weight more quickly when I don't exercise. So if you're exercising and doing everything right, just keep it up and know that doing the right thing will get you to where you want to go. I too have been in ketosis for a while and am not losing weight - I work out at least an hour a day at least 5 days/week, so I know I'm getting in better shape and that the weight loss is going slower than it has been. I just keep doing what I'm doing and I know I will reach my goals - just not by the time I had hoped.

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Chemical bonding introduction video shows how covalent bond means 2 hydrogen atoms can stick together to form a hydrogen molecule, H2. The video also explains why helium cannot form bonds and hence is called a noble gas. Subscribe to watch more online chemistry courses & science videos: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCiX8p... About Atomic School: Atomic School supports the teaching of Atomic Theory to primary school & science students . We provide lesson plans, hands-on classroom resources, demonstration equipment, quizzes and a Teacher's Manual to primary school teachers. Animated videos that clearly explain the scientific ideas supports learning by both teachers and students. As a teacher, you don't have to look anywhere else to implement this program. Our work has been verified by science education researchers at the University of Southern Queensland, Dr Jenny Donovan and Dr Carole Haeusler, who confirm that primary students are capable of learning much more complex scientific concepts than previously thought, and crucially, that they love it. Students run to class! The program has been trialed in Australian schools as well as schools in the Philippines, Iran and India. It is conducted as holiday workshops at the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, the Queensland Museum as well as the World Science Festival. It has attracted wide media interest, including TV, radio and print, and the research data has been presented at prestigious American Education Research Association and Australian Science Education Research Association conferences. Atomic Theory underlies all the other sciences- genetics, electronics, nanotechnology, engineering and astronomy- so an early understanding will set them up for a more successful learning sequence for all their science subjects, and support their mastery of mathematics as well. We also have extension programs that cover Biology, Physics and Astronomy to an equal depth. About Ian Stuart (Email: [email protected]): The founder of Atomic School, Ian Stuart, taught Chemistry and Physics for 25 years at senior levels before he realized that his 8-year old son, Tom, could understand Atomic Theory at a much deeper level than he expected. After visiting Tom's class at school, he discovered that his peers could also grasp the abstract scientific concepts, as well as apply it usefully to the real world. Ian then developed a program to teach the advanced concepts of high school Chemistry, Physics and Biology to students 10 years younger than they normally would. He found that this engaged their interest in modern science early, and sustained it through to high school and beyond. It also sets them up for future success in their academic and career paths. Ian has a Bachelor's Degree in Chemistry from the University of Queensland and a Master's degree in Electrochemistry from the University of Melbourne. Connect with Atomic School on social media: http://facebook.com/AtomicSchool http://twitter.com/AtomicSchools http://instagram.com/AtomicSchools Video transcript: Let's do a thought experiment. Imagine a box filled with hydrogen atoms. Like billiard balls on a pool table, atoms actually move, and they do it in straight lines until they hit something like another hydrogen atom. Oh! See that? They stuck together. Theyre not separate hydrogen atoms any more, but a pair of hydrogen atoms moving together. There goes another pair. 4.1 When atoms join up like this, scientists call it a molecule. And they call the join between them a chemical bond. Here comes another hydrogen atom crashing into the hydrogen molecule. But this time it doesnt stick. Instead it just bounces off. Hydrogen atoms bond once, and thats it. Theyre just like that. Pretty quickly all the hydrogen atoms will collide and pair off into molecules. They will keep hitting each other, but they'll just bounce off. Scientists like to have a shorthand way of writing this molecule thingi. Heres one way to show it, with the hydrogen symbols joined by a stick to show the chemical bond between the atoms. Another way is to write H2, with the little 2 after the H and a bit lower. A number written this way is called a subscript. What do you think the 2 stands for? It counts the number of hydrogen atoms in the molecule. Easy, heh! So when we have a balloon filled with hydrogen gas, it really contains trillions of trillions of H2 molecules. Let's do another thought experiment. We'll go back to our box filled with hydrogen atoms, but this time put an oxygen atom in there too. When a hydrogen atom crashes into an oxygen atom, they stick together. But wait, when another hydrogen atom hits, it also sticks to the oxygen. What about a third hydrogen atom? No, thats if for oxygen. It can only make 2 bonds and then its done.

Why Measure Blood Gases? A Three-part Introduction For The Novice. Part 2.

Why measure blood gases? A three-part introduction for the novice. Part 2. Why measure blood gases? A three-part introduction for the novice. Part 2. Arterial blood gases (ABG), a clinical test that involves measurement of the pH of arterial blood and the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide dissolved in arterial blood, is routinely used in the diagnosis and monitoring of predominantly critically/acutely ill patients being cared for in hospital emergency rooms and intensive care units. The test allows assessment of two related physiological functions: pulmonary gas exchange and acid-base homeostasis. This is the second of three articles intended to explain the clinical value of ABG to those with little or no experience of the test. The first article focused on the physiological aspects that underpin an understanding of patient ABG results. The concepts of pH, acid, base and buffer were explained, and the parameters generated during ABG were defined and related to pulmonary gas exchange and acid-base homeostasis. In this second article attention turns to the clinical significance of abnormal ABG results, specifically abnormality in three ABG parameters (pH, pCO2(a) and bicarbonate) Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Eileen

    So much for Atkins and coffee

    Atkins had a theory about coffee kicking you out of ketosis, but I've just been checking my journal, and found that the only time I show measureable ketone traces are the days I'm in town and drinking cups of coffee instead of my usual pots of tea.
    I'm pretty certain I'm in ketosis normally, but all the tea I drink dilutes the ketones too much to measure. Only when I drink coffee (cups instead of pots) do those little sticks turn pink.
    It does seem to make nonsense of Atkin's theory that you have to cut coffee as well as carbs.
    Eileen

  2. Coatsy

    Re: So much for Atkins and coffee

    Originally posted by Eileen
    Atkins had a theory about coffee kicking you out of ketosis, but I've just been checking my journal, and found that the only time I show measureable ketone traces are the days I'm in town and drinking cups of coffee instead of my usual pots of tea.
    I'm pretty certain I'm in ketosis normally, but all the tea I drink dilutes the ketones too much to measure. Only when I drink coffee (cups instead of pots) do those little sticks turn pink.
    It does seem to make nonsense of Atkin's theory that you have to cut coffee as well as carbs.
    Eileen
    Eileen where abouts in Ireland are you from ? Just wondering because I'm not sure where to buy ketostixs to check if im in ketosis or not

  3. Eileen

    Hi, I'm in Dublin, but I know that you can buy Ketostix in Boots with no trouble. They'd probably cost about a fiver for you. Some smaller chemists have them, some don't, and a couple got sniffy about selling them to non-diabetics, claiming they were being "abused" by people on diets.
    Nice to know I'm not alone...
    Eileen

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