What Is Alcoholic Ketosis?

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Alcoholic Ketosis: Prevalence, Determinants, And Ketohepatitis In Japanese Alcoholic Men

Alcoholic Ketosis: Prevalence, Determinants, and Ketohepatitis in Japanese Alcoholic Men National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center Corresponding author: National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center, 5-3-1 Nobi, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 239-0841, Japan. Tel.: +81-46-848-1550; Fax: + National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 49, Issue 6, 1 November 2014, Pages 618625, Akira Yokoyama, Tetsuji Yokoyama, Takeshi Mizukami, Toshifumi Matsui, Koichi Shiraishi, Mitsuru Kimura, Sachio Matsushita, Susumu Higuchi, Katsuya Maruyama; Alcoholic Ketosis: Prevalence, Determinants, and Ketohepatitis in Japanese Alcoholic Men, Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 49, Issue 6, 1 November 2014, Pages 618625, Aims: Alcoholic ketosis and ketoacidosis are metabolic abnor Continue reading >>

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  1. Chem_Mod

    K+ is not an acid and Br- is not a base, so the solution is neutral. But KF is basic, why is it not also neutral since they both have K+ and Br and F are in the same group? Also for compounds such as AlCl3 and Cu(NO3)2, how do I determine that it is Al(H2O)6 or Cu(H2O)6 when I am writing out the chemical equation?

  2. Chem_Mod

    F- is an exception in that it is the only halogen that affects the pH of a solution. If one thinks about the series H-F, H--Cl, H---Br, H----I and recalls that H-F is the weakest acid (strongest bond) then it makes sense that F- will pick up H+ from water to form H-F and OH- and hence raise the solution pH. For the metal complexes, Al3+ and Cu2+ form octahedral complexes with water, the main point is that a highly charged cation can remove H+ from H2O to form OH-.

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Tools Vocabulary - Tools that are used in particular fields or activities may have different designations such as "instrument", "utensil", "implement", "machine", "device," or "apparatus". The set of tools needed to achieve a goal is "equipment".

Aarp's Health Tools

Cells need glucose (sugar) and insulin to function properly.Glucose comes from the food you eat, and insulin is produced by the pancreas.When you drink alcohol, your pancreas may stop producing insulin for a shorttime. Without insulin, your cells wont be able to use the glucose you consumefor energy. To get the energy you need, your body will start to burn fat. When your body burns fat for energy, byproducts known as ketonebodies are produced. If your body is not producing insulin, ketone bodies willbegin to build up in your bloodstream. This buildup of ketones can produce alife-threatening condition known as ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis, ormetabolic acidosis, occurs when you ingest something that is metabolized orturned into an acid. This condition has a number of causes, including: In addition to general ketoacidosis, there are several specifictypes. These types include: alcoholic ketoacidosis, which is caused by excessive consumptionof alcohol diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which mostly develops in peoplewith type 1 diabetes starvation ketoacidosis, which occurs most often in women whoare pregnant, in their third trimester, and experiencing excessive vomiting Each of these situatio Continue reading >>

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  1. jasonb135

    Been doing keto for almost a year, on and off. So finally decided to try the ketostix, (CVS store brand "Ketone Care Test Strips"). Cut out all carbs as possible with the exception of my fiber supplement in the last 2 days, at 14 carbs for 2050 calories. My results were almost Moderate 40. So just to see if they're a gimmick, I did a mild carb up last night with a bowl of menudo with lemon and geen onions, a bowl of cereal and 1%, a quesadilla, and one package of Handisnacks. I know it was a dirty carb up! so did the test this morning and got a negative result. I started back on keto this morning with 3 eggs scrambled with 15g heavy whipping cream, 1 farmer john wiener, 28g marbled jack cheese, 23g of whey = 33% Pro, 2% Carbs, 65% Fat. Waited about 2 hours, tested again, now I'm on Trace 5. So I think these things work. Going to do an hour on the stationary bike now, see if I can rid my body with the rest of the glycogen and produce more ketones. I think its a cool tool to use.

  2. jasonb135

    Just finished the stationary bike for an hour, while maintaining an average HR at about 155, burned 840 calories. Tested at Small 15, I'll try it again tonight a few hours after dinner, hopefully I'll be at Moderate 40 again.

  3. llidisky

    just so you know from what I understand, as long as their is a trace showing, you are in ketosis. You could be at the mod-large output, but well hydrated with water throughout the day and it will delute you urine so that you are only showing a trace to small. They are great to see if there are ketones or not in your pee, but as far as tracking how much, dude if you are showing ketones, you will be fine, don't waste the strips until after the carb up. also, cut all the strips in half if you haven't already. same results, double the quanitity so you get 100% more for the buck .

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What is DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS? What does DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS mean? DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS meaning - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS definition - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Signs and symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, deep gasping breathing, increased urination, weakness, confusion, and occasionally loss of consciousness. A person's breath may develop a specific smell. Onset of symptoms is usually rapid. In some cases people may not realize they previously had diabetes. DKA happens most often in those with type 1 diabetes, but can also occur in those with other types of diabetes under certain circumstances. Triggers may include infection, not taking insulin correctly, stroke, and certain medications such as steroids. DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids which produces acidic ketone bodies. DKA is typically diagnosed when testing finds high b

Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

Author: George Ansstas, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP more... In 1940, Dillon and colleagues first described alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA) as a distinct syndrome. AKA is characterized by metabolic acidosis with an elevated anion gap, elevated serum ketone levels, and a normal or low glucose concentration. [ 1 , 2 ] Although AKA most commonly occurs in adults with alcoholism, it has been reported in less-experienced drinkers of all ages. Patients typically have a recent history of binge drinking, little or no food intake, and persistent vomiting. [ 3 , 4 , 5 ] A concomitant metabolic alkalosis is common, secondary to vomiting and volume depletion (see Workup). [ 6 ] Treatment of AKA is directed toward reversing the 3 major pathophysiologic causes of the syndrome, which are: An elevated ratio of the reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) This goal can usually be achieved through the administration of dextrose and saline solutions (see Treatment). The pathogenesis of AKA is complex. [ 7 ] Although the general physiological factors and mechanisms leading to AKA are understood, the precise factors have not Continue reading >>

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  1. Steve Rapaport

    Correlation isn't causation, so the question's presupposition of high blood sugar 'resulting' in diabetic coma is wrong. They both result from common causes.
    Diabetic coma (advanced diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA) is not the result of high blood sugar, but of low insulin and water levels. Low insulin levels lead to high blood sugar AND to ketoacidosis. Hence there's no minimum blood sugar level to watch for (though there may be for a given individual).
    The best way to avoid DKA is to keep insulin levels steady in the bloodstream, keep well hydrated, and keep small amounts of food in the system at all times.
    DKA is a result of the body demanding sugar for fuel, and being denied it through lack of insulin. The body burns fat instead, which produces ketone bodies as a byproduct. The ketones build up in blood, making it acid and highly concentrated. Concentrated blood sucks water out of cells by osmosis. Dehydration makes this worse. The ketones signal the liver that glucose is desperately needed, so it dumps stored glucose to help out, but in the absence of insulin this just makes things worse -- now the blood is full of ketones AND glucose, and even more highly concentrated. Both of these conditions will get worse until fast-acting insulin and missing electrolytes are added in carefully controlled doses, including a drip-feed for hydration and frequent recheck and adjustment of all those values.

  2. Suhail Malhotra

    First we must know that there are 2 types of diabetes.
    IDDM(insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) aka Type 1
    NIDDM( non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) aka Type 2.
    Type 1 is due to loss of insulin secretion by pancreas as in destruction of pancreas.
    Type 2 is due to insulin resistance that is insulin secretion is ok but body cells don't respond to it.
    Now the comas in these two types are different to the extent that they are named differently.
    The coma of type 1 is called the DKA(diabetic ketoacidosis) and that of type 2 is HONK( hyperosmotic non ketotic coma) now known as HHS(hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state).
    DKA occurs in type 1 diabetes or situations simulating type 1 mechanism like when a patient forgets to take his dose of insulin or in states when patient is regular with insulin but the body needs more than normal as in cases of surgery or illness or pregnancy.
    Blood glucose ranges in DKA from 250 to 600 mg/dl( 13 to 33 mmol/l) with increased ketones in blood which being acidic drive the blood ph to acidic levels ( <7.3). Symptoms include vomiting,increased urination, increased thirst, abdominal pain,increased rate of respiration(Kussumaul breathing) and in the end coma.
    HONK or HHS is caused by type 2 diabetes or situations similar to it like relative insulin deficiency combined with inadequate fluid intake and often precipitated in patients with type2 DM and a concurrent illness.
    Blood glucose ranges from 600 to 1200 mg/dl (33 to 66 mmol/l). The blood ph is normal (>=7.3) as ketones are absent. Patient is lethargic with increased thirst and increased urination leading to coma.
    Symptoms absent in HONK are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and increased rate of respiration which were very much a part of DKA.

  3. Jae Won Joh

    If you are asking what blood sugar levels are commonly seen in diabetic coma[1], there is a very wide range. Patients naive to the condition typically present with blood glucoses around the 300s, while those with chronic poorly-managed diabetes can present with blood glucoses over 1000.
    [1] As Steve Rapaport already pointed out in his answer, the high glucose level is not, in and of itself, the problem.

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