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What Is Acute Respiratory Acidosis?

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Respiratory acidosis #sign and symptoms of Respiratory acidosis Respiratory acidosis ABGs Analyse https://youtu.be/L5MWy1iHacI Plz share n subscribe my chanel is a condition that occurs when the lungs cant remove enough of the Suctioning https://youtu.be/hMJGkxvXTW0 carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by the body. Excess CO2 causes the pH of blood and other bodily fluids to decrease, making them too acidic. Normally, the body is able to balance the ions that control acidity. This balance is measured on a pH scale from 0 to 14. Acidosis occurs when the pH of the blood falls below 7.35 (normal blood pH is between 7.35 and 7.45).Rinku Chaudhary NSG officer AMU ALIGARH https://www.facebook.com/rinkutch/ Respiratory acidosis is typically caused by an underlying disease or condition. This is also called respiratory failure or ventilatory failure. Suctioning https://youtu.be/hMJGkxvXTW0 Normally, the lungs take in oxygen and exhale CO2. Oxygen passes from the lungs into the blood. CO2 passes from the blood into the lungs. However, sometimes the lungs cant remove enough CO2. This may be due to a decrease in respiratory rate or decrease in air movement due to an underlying condition such as: asthma COPD pneumonia sleep apnea TYPES Forms of respiratory acidosis There are two forms of respiratory acidosis: acute and chronic. Acute respiratory acidosis occurs quickly. Its a medical emergency. Left untreated, symptoms will get progressively worse. It can become life-threatening. Chronic respiratory acidosis develops over time. It doesnt cause symptoms. Instead, the body adapts to the increased acidity. For example, the kidneys produce more bicarbonate to help maintain balance. Chronic respiratory acidosis may not cause symptoms. Developing another illness may cause chronic respiratory acidosis to worsen and become acute respiratory acidosis. SYMPTOMS Symptoms of respiratory acidosis Initial signs of acute respiratory acidosis include: headache anxiety blurred vision restlessness confusion Without treatment, other symptoms may occur. These include: https://www.healthline.com/health/res... sleepiness or fatigue lethargy delirium or confusion shortness of breath coma The chronic form of respiratory acidosis doesnt typically cause any noticeable symptoms. Signs are subtle and nonspecific and may include: memory loss sleep disturbances personality changes CAUSES Common causes of respiratory acidosis The lungs and the kidneys are the major organs that help regulate your bloods pH. The lungs remove acid by exhaling CO2, and the kidneys excrete acids through the urine. The kidneys also regulate your bloods concentration of bicarbonate (a base). Respiratory acidosis is usually caused by a lung disease or condition that affects normal breathing or impairs the lungs ability to remove CO2. Some common causes of the chronic form are: asthma chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) acute pulmonary edema severe obesity (which can interfere with expansion of the lungs) neuromuscular disorders (such as multiple sclerosis or muscular dystrophy) scoliosis Some common causes of the acute form are: lung disorders (COPD, emphysema, asthma, pneumonia) conditions that affect the rate of breathing muscle weakness that affects breathing or taking a deep breath obstructed airways (due to choking or other causes) sedative overdose cardiac arrest DIAGNOSIS How is respiratory acidosis diagnosed? The goal of diagnostic tests for respiratory acidosis is to look for any pH imbalance, to determine the severity of the imbalance, and to determine the condition causing the imbalance. Several tools can help doctors diagnose respiratory acidosis. Blood gas measurement Blood gas is a series of tests used to measure oxygen and CO2 in the blood. A healthcare provider will take a sample of blood from your artery. High levels of CO2 can indicate acidosis.

Respiratory Acidosis

Respiratory acidosis is a medical emergency in which decreased ventilation (hypoventilation) increases the concentration of carbon dioxide in the blood and decreases the blood's pH (a condition generally called acidosis). Carbon dioxide is produced continuously as the body's cells respire, and this CO2 will accumulate rapidly if the lungs do not adequately expel it through alveolar ventilation. Alveolar hypoventilation thus leads to an increased PaCO2 (a condition called hypercapnia). The increase in PaCO2 in turn decreases the HCO3−/PaCO2 ratio and decreases pH. Terminology[edit] Acidosis refers to disorders that lower cell/tissue pH to < 7.35. Acidemia refers to an arterial pH < 7.36.[1] Types of respiratory acidosis[edit] Respiratory acidosis can be acute or chronic. In acute respiratory acidosis, the PaCO2 is elevated above the upper limit of the reference range (over 6.3 kPa or 45 mm Hg) with an accompanying acidemia (pH <7.36). In chronic respiratory acidosis, the PaCO2 is elevated above the upper limit of the reference range, with a normal blood pH (7.35 to 7.45) or near-normal pH secondary to renal compensation and an elevated serum bicarbonate (HCO3− >30 mm Hg). Causes Continue reading >>

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  1. MICHAEL

    I have had great success with two rounds of Atkins in the past (each time losing over 50lb).
    But I have had two recent attempts to get back into the diet (on a quite rigorous induction regimen) and it is like the "mechanism" has broken. My body is not going into ketosis after 2 or even 3 weeks on the diet and (unsurprisingly) this is also reflected by lack of weight loss or measurements loss; and, indeed, on the latest attempt . . . I put ON three pounds. Whereas previously ketone strips were highly reactive (bright pink) they did not show ANY color at all after the induction periods. Obviously, absent the fat-burning, then a relatively fat-heavy intake is bound to result in weight gain. I also do not have that sense of increased energy that comes with being in fat-burning mode.
    It is almost as if my body has learned something about the diet and it will no longer cooperate with it. Either that, or it is something to do with being older (near 60).
    Has anyone else seen this phenomenon, and have they found any strategy to get around it.
    I always felt Atkins was a reliable way for me to be able to shed pounds, but without its "magic bullet" I feel rather lost as to what to try, as I have had very bad lucky with restrictive calorie (and other) diets.
    [ed. note: MICHAEL (2768058) last edited this post 8 months, 4 weeks ago.]

  2. Kathryn

    Ketostix are unreliable, throw them away and just follow the rules. If you do, then you have to be in ketosis because the body doesn't have carbs to burn for energy so it uses fat instead - if it didn't then you'd be dead!
    Putting on 3 pounds suggests that either you're eating too much, eating the wrong things or have some intolerance to something you're having. Without knowing what you eat on a typical day and how much you eat, then we can't really help. Post a list of what you're eating and we'll take a look.

  3. Ellen

    If you aren't getting into ketosis (and Kathryn is right about the ketostix) then somewhere you're taking in too many carbs and/or too much protein. If you are actually in ketosis but not losing...Or indeed gaining, then you are either sensitive to something you're eating...Like sweeteners for instance, or you are generally eating too much.
    Post a days menu with quantities and we'll take a look

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Made during my first semester at medical school and in response to an online request, this video walks you through the basics of understanding the compensation of acids and bases in the body. ABG Cards for Quick Reference: https://amzn.to/2MGvjfU EKG Cards for Quick Reference: https://amzn.to/2Krefht Acid-base, Fluids and Electrolytes Made Ridiculously Simple: https://amzn.to/2KB3bug

4.5 Respiratory Acidosis - Compensation

Acid-Base Physiology 4.5.1 The compensatory response is a rise in the bicarbonate level This rise has an immediate component (due to a resetting of the physicochemical equilibrium point) which raises the bicarbonate slightly. Next is a slower component where a further rise in plasma bicarbonate due to enhanced renal retention of bicarbonate. The additional effect on plasma bicarbonate of the renal retention is what converts an "acute" respiratory acidsosis into a "chronic" respiratory acidosis. As can be seen by inspection of the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation (below), an increased [HCO3-] will counteract the effect (on the pH) of an increased pCO2 because it returns the value of the [HCO3]/0.03 pCO2 ratio towards normal. pH = pKa + log([HCO3]/0.03 pCO2) 4.5.2 Buffering in Acute Respiratory Acidosis The compensatory response to an acute respiratory acidosis is limited to buffering. By the law of mass action, the increased arterial pCO2 causes a shift to the right in the following reaction: CO2 + H2O <-> H2CO3 <-> H+ + HCO3- In the blood, this reaction occurs rapidly inside red blood cells because of the presence of carbonic anhydrase. The hydrogen ion produced is buffered by intrac Continue reading >>

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  1. skyraft

    The more i read about keto the more it confuses me to how the hell people lose weight without it? I was never too big but I lost the 30 lbs i wanted to in about 30 days when I started keto. It was almost too easy compared to diets / workout habits I tried before. Pork belly and eggs or Bulletproof Coffee for breakfast and fatty ground beef and greens for dinner, no working out,
    I mean losing weight the normal way seems doomed to fail. S.A.D. (is a joke), caloric restriction (hormone balance is a huge factor), metabolism (slows with exercise and other factors), Krebs Cycle, Glycogen storage (inhibits utilizing our fat storage).

    I know that people do lose weigh without keto but does anyone have some easy science on it?

  2. tdseest

    You can lose weight by oxidizing or burning fat which can occur if you essentially starve yourself.
    You can also have it surgically removed.

    There are probably other ways.

  3. Pilotbob

    I would expect not everyone overweight is insulin resistant.

    But, if there is a calorie deficit you will lose weight. Been there done that gained it all back.

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Hello guys In this video discuss about the basic concept of acidosis and alkalosis and Discuss the topic of respiratory acidosis The cause Sign symptom and treatment Please subscribe my channel for more video And comment which video you want discuss in next videos. Thanks

Respiratory Acidosis

DEFINITION Respiratory acidosis = a primary acid-base disorder in which arterial pCO2 rises to an abnormally high level. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY arterial pCO2 is normally maintained at a level of about 40 mmHg by a balance between production of CO2 by the body and its removal by alveolar ventilation. PaCO2 is proportional to VCO2/VA VCO2 = CO2 production by the body VA = alveolar ventilation an increase in arterial pCO2 can occur by one of three possible mechanisms: presence of excess CO2 in the inspired gas decreased alveolar ventilation increased production of CO2 by the body CAUSES Inadequate Alveolar Ventilation central respiratory depression drug depression of respiratory centre (eg by opiates, sedatives, anaesthetics) neuromuscular disorders lung or chest wall defects airway obstruction inadequate mechanical ventilation Over-production of CO2 -> hypercatabolic disorders Malignant hyperthermia Thyroid storm Phaeochromocytoma Early sepsis Liver failure Increased Intake of Carbon Dioxide Rebreathing of CO2-containing expired gas Addition of CO2 to inspired gas Insufflation of CO2 into body cavity (eg for laparoscopic surgery) EFFECTS CO2 is lipid soluble -> depressing effects on intrace Continue reading >>

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  1. __ish

    So, long story short, I remember reading somewhere that a great way to help speed your body's entry into ketosis is to do a 24 hour fast and some low intensity exercise. Trouble is, I can't seem to find where it was that I read that! Did I dream it up? Is this a thing?

  2. __loridcon

    i believe what you read is this:
    http://josepharcita.blogspot.com/2011/03/guide-to-ketosis.html#33EE

  3. __ish

    Yes! Thank you!
    I stopped eating at 3PM and did the wrong kind of exercise tonight instead of tomorrow morning, but that can be remedied.
    Has anyone had success with this method? This will be my first real go at keto.

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