What Happens To Excess Glucose Quizlet

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Ess 3 Nutrition For Health

What is the end product of both simple and complex carbohydrate consumption in humans? What is the stored form of glucose called? What happens when eating sugar before short term events (sprints, field events)? Blood glucose level shoots up and then has a dramatic fall. Eating sugar is not good for you at all, you don't need to completely remove it from your diet, but it will never improve performance. Glucagon is a hormone that is secreted from the pancreas that stimulates the liver to release glucose into the blood and raise blood glucose levels. What does your body do to regulate blood glucose level when it is too low? The pancreas releases glucagon to stimulate the liver in order for it to release glucose into the blood and raise blood glucose levels. Insulin is a hormone secreted from the pancreas that regulates glucose entry into all tissues. Insulin lowers and regulates blood glucose levels. What does your body do to regulate blood glucose levels when it is too high? The pancreas secretes insulin that regulates glucose entry into tissues (liver, muscles, adipose cells) Makes sure excess glucose is not in the blood. Fructose is the sweetest of all sugars, even sweeter than t Continue reading >>

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  1. chaiminda

    I understand that the theory is that if I am passing ketones, then my body is burning fat and protein for energy. My doctor says that might mean I'm not getting enough energy, period. Okay, but I am gaining weight and I have as much energy as most 8-months-pregnant women. Baby is a normal size as far as can be determined. Doctor said she doubted that anything I could do at this stage would be a problem for the baby, but said vaguely that it might cause "metabolic issues" or problems with breastfeeding supply for me.
    Are there any scientific studies that actually make it clear what the danger is here?
    (I'm not that interested in "well, my doctor 10 years ago said x" or "my equally vague understanding is..." type replies. I want science.)

  2. peacheater

    Doctors tend to be more scared of ketones than they should be because they're also produced as a result of ketoacidosis, which is a very bad sign in people affected by Type I Diabetes (i.e. not the kind you have, but the kind where insulin is unable to be produced). It is also produced as a result of ketosis, which is when your body is burning fat for fuel, such as on a low-carb diet. This fat could be from your diet or from your body - so I could see how seeing ketones in the urine would be a sign that a person was not getting enough calories if that person was on a regular carbohydrate-heavy diet. Others can weigh in on whether there are pregnancy-specific factors regarding ketones that should be considered, but there are good reasons to be skeptical of doctors who raise alarms regarding ketones, because they've had it drilled into them that ketones = bad, since they most often arise as a reason of ketoacidosis.

  3. instamatic

    PubMed has a lot of studies on this, but most seem vague or 10-20 years old. I found one mouse study that suggests that organ growth is the main concern (most specifically, size of he heart and brain). I read one note about excessive ketones causing similar symptoms to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. And this:
    "Maternal ketonuria or acetonuria during pregnancy is a concern because it can result in neonatal or childhood neurocognitive dysfunction."
    Here is a more lay-friendly write up that has a bibliography for additional reading.
    However, the vast majority of abstracts in PubMed seem to echo your doctor-- concern abou maternal metabolic issues and breastfeeding. And none of it seems to be studied independent of general gestational diabetes risks. (I don't know enough about fetal organ development to know risks at 8 months pregnant, but hopefully someone with more pregnancy-specific medical knowledge can back up/interpret the studies.)

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Brs - Metabolism During The Fed State

What is the immediate fate of glucose in the liver? oxidation to carbon dioxide and water for hepatic energy needs What is the fate of excess glucose in the liver? stored in the liver as glycogen for use during periods of fasting What happens to excess glucose if it is not stored as glycogen in the liver? Glucose is converted to fatty acids and glycerol to form triacylglycerols that are released into the blood as very-low-density lipoproteins, which is then transported to adipocytes. it is oxidized into carbon dioxide and water for ATP production What happens to glucose in red blood cells? oxidized to pyruvate and lactate which are released into the blood Why do red blood cells oxidize glucose to pyruvate and lactate instead of carbon dioxide and water? RBCs lack mitochondria. Because RBCs lack mitochondria, they cannot carry out aerobic respiration in the form of oxidative phosphorylation. For this reason, RBCs must carry out anaerobic respiration via lactate dehydrogenase. What is required for muscle intake of glucose? What happens to excess glucose in muscles? What is required for adipocyte intake of glucose? What happens to glucose in adipocytes in addition to oxidation for en Continue reading >>

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  1. silver lady

    As the above asks.
    Replies greatly appreciated XO XO R.

  2. silver lady

    any one???

  3. silver lady


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Case Study 4a: Sweeteners And Kcalorie Control

Sort Mr. P. notes that his mother was recently diagnosed with diabetes and wonders if that might be in his future. A review of his medical records indicates a recent fasting blood glucose test was consistent with prediabetes. What range is consistent with prediabetes? 100-125 mg⁄dL Continue reading >>

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  1. leelanau

    I realized over the last few months, that I had been unintentionally restricting fat, so I started adding. Low and behold... I started losing weight after a three month stall.
    My question is the comparison between LCHF and Keto. The basic seems to be you need to be in ketosis with both, but in Keto you also count/track calories? Is that a simplistic assessment?
    Does anyone have experience with both diets, and if so, can you share your results? I've been tracking in My PLAN for a few weeks, and will continue, as I also noted I rarely eat over 1400 calories. Trying to figure out if I should up the fat, or stay the course now that I'm slowly dropping again.

  2. GRB5111

    Right, I've been in both, and it's almost like the difference between succulents and cacti. Nearly all cacti are succulents, but not all succulents are cacti.
    Eating ketogenic is eating LCHF; however, it's a very controlled form of LCHF in that you must keep your daily carb intake low to transition into ketosis. General rule of thumb is to keep your carb intake below 50 grams per day. Some stay much lower, say <20 or <10 grams per day because it works better for them. What works better? Being in ketosis, which is the goal for a ketogenic WOE.
    LCHF is a WOE where you can be in ketosis or not depending on how you limit daily carbs. So LCFH is like a succulent, and ketogenic is like a cacti in that being in ketosis is always LCHF and moderate protein.
    I've been LCHF for over 10 years, but became more strict with my carb intake last spring and eliminated all grains and maintained a daily carb intake around or below 5-15 grams per day. That enabled me to transition into ketosis, and the result was a much faster weight loss, clearer thinking, better moods, and an increase in general overall feeling of health. So, I practice the ketogenic approach, and it's become my standard WOE.
    My stats represent the time period when I started the ketogenic approach, and my daily macros are approximately 70% fat, 20% protein, and 10% carbs. Adding fat was important, but keeping carbs low was also a big factor for me. I get most of my carbs from vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, salads, and sometimes nuts. I stay away from all fruit, grains, and starch foods like root vegetables, beans, and legumes. It works for me.

  3. Nancy LC

    Trying to figure out why LCHF isn't ketogenic. It generally is. Do you mean LCLF?

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