What Converts Amino Acids To Glucose?

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CPC Exam Tips | Free CPC Practice Exam http://www.cco.us/free-cpc-online-pra... General CPC Exam Tips - You need to understand that this is not a specialty exam. This is a core coding credential. They are testing you on your general understanding of coding principles. They say that really, you can figure out everything from your manuals. It's nothing where you have to have it memorized, but obviously if you're familiar with the guidelines, you're going to know where to go to look at and verify it. So, it's a broad base of knowledge. How many are afraidof VIR coding, vascular stuff? Normally, I mention that up, "Oh! Those are so hard." There's 10 questions on the 30,000 series which is one of the few that are shared by two anatomical sections - Respiratory and Cardio. They are not going to have 10 VIR questions. They might have one and it's going to be broad. It's not going to be nitty-gritty detail where you need to know the Vascular and Anatomy like the back of your hand. So, relax a little bit on that. You don't need to know the nitty-gritty detail of the entire CPT and ICD manual. If you're currently involved in billing -- how many are involved in billing right now? You are goin

Free Biochemistry Flashcards About Exam 4 Biochemistry

Where does the energy needed for gluconeogenesis come from? The liver uses fatty acids in the fasting state to form ketone bodies. Burning fatty acids produces lots of ATP and it also produces lots of acetyl-CoA to make sure that the lactate and alanine that the liver is taking up get converted to glucose. What are the two major amino acids in our blood and what are they used for? Glutamine is the number 1 amino acid in our blood and alanine is number 2 (in terms of concentration). (alanine forms pyruvate and glutamine forms alpha-ketogluterate). How are amino acids used to synthesize glucose and which two amino acids cant be used to synthesize glucose? Synthesize through gluconeogenisis and Leucine and Lysine. Discuss the general process used for gluconeogenesis? (What are we reversing and where are we doing it?) A sort of reversal of glycolysis, from pyruvate back to glucose in just the mitochondria and cytoplasm of cells in the liver and kidney. Most steps are reversible but some you have to use completely different enzymes. List the 3 steps (enzymes) in glycolysis that are not reversible. PEP -> pyruvateGlucose-6-PO4 -> GlucoseF-1,6 BP -> F-6-PO4Overall message, gluconeogenesi Continue reading >>

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  1. 12 Volt Man

    3 years ago I attempted to lose weight through a low carb diet. I lost 20 pounds or so and was doing well. One night I couldn't get to sleep because my heart felt like it was beating weird. It felt sort of like a fish flopping around in my chest. It wouldn't stop. Finally after a few hours my Wife hauled me to the emergency room. They said I had Atrial Fibrillation. They actually had to stop my heart and restart it to get it to beat regular. I ended up with subsequent visits to a heart doctor to figure out what was going on. He put me on a medication and basically told me I would be taking it the rest of my life.
    At 33 years old, that was quite a shock. Because of that event, I gave up on the diet. I thought that something I did with the diet had caused it. I asked the Doctor repeatedly if my diet could have caused the issue and he said "No". I took that medication for two months and had started my "normal" eating patterns (overeating, no portion control etc...) I decided to try and stop taking the medication.
    Fast forward to two weeks ago. I had not had any issues with my heart since quitting the medication. I had been losing weight with low calories and phentermine (Doctor's Idea) for about 3 weeks. My heart problems started again. Sometimes all day of that fish flopping around in my chest. Sometimes a few hours. Sometimes all night. I went back to a different heart doctor. This time thinking it was the phentermine causing the issue.
    This heart doctor had me stop taking an Asthma medication. He did not think the phentermine could cause heart palpitations or atrial fibrillation. I went ahead and quit taking both. But I still kept having issues with my heart. I went through EKG's, Ultra Sounds, and a stress test. Strange part was that the doctor said it wasn't dangerous for my heart to beat like that. Still I was very scared and annoyed by the whole thing. I couldn't concentrate at work or sleep well.
    Last Friday he sent me to go have my blood drawn so they could do lab work and see if that could shed any light on what was going on. During that visit he said something about Potassium or electrolytes possibly being low and that that may be causing my problems.
    I went home Friday afternoon and started researching this a little bit. I found that lack Potassium could indeed be my issue. I wasn't eating bananas, potatoes, or any of the other foods high in Potassium. I little Spinach was the only Potassium rich food I had eaten in the past few weeks. I had been taking a multivitamin. That only had 100mg of Potassium in it.
    I decided to up that and see what would happen. I went out and purchased some Potassium Gluconate supplement. I added 300mg (3 pills in this case). By the end of that day, my heart palpitations had stopped! Good sign. So here it is Tuesday (still haven't heard from the doctor on my blood test) and I still haven't had any problems. I resumed taking the Phentermine and my Asthma medication too. I am feeling better and a whole bunch of weight dropped off in the last 4 days.
    Long story to get my point across. If you start having heart palpitations while dieting. Don't just assume that you are doomed or that you will have an ongoing problem. Take a hard look at what you have been eating. Are you not getting enough Potassium? I hope that this post might save someone from a lot of worry and visits to the doctor.
    Indecision may or may not be my problem.

  2. k8yk

    The most surprising thing about this story to me is that a doctor would prescribe phentermine to a person with heart issues.
    My blog, This is not a Diet:
    Follow me on Facebook for tips, recipes, advice, exercise ideas and more:

  3. Ed Endicott

    Do some research on electrolyte balance with relation to anatomy and physiology. Essentially, your body is looking to balance the electrical charges in your cells by moving potassium, sodium, etc in and out of your blood cells and it's finding a deficiency. If you have too much of one thing (potassium, or hyperkalemia) or not enough of something (hypokalemia which is what you're describing) your body will want to balance things out. Talk this over with your doctor - it's basic anatomy and physiology (one of the first courses a doctor or nurse needs to take in order to start their course of study in medicine).
    P.S. - I'm not a doctor but I ABSOLUTELY disagree with the comments that your diet has no effect and I ABSOLUTELY disagree with the comment that it is not a dangerous condition. Atrial Fibrullation (A-FIB) means your blood is not pumping as it should because your heart is not beating as it should. This causes inadequate profusion of oxygen throughout your body which is dangerous both to your life as well as your brain and brain function. If you are in A-FIB, your EKG will resemble the teeth of a saw blade. If you have a normal sinus rhythm, you will see the contraction of your heart while it's pumping blood.

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Moof's Medical Biochemistry Video Course: http://moof-university.thinkific.com/... In this video, I define and describe glucogenic and ketogenic amino acids, as well as list and depict which amino acids are exclusively glucogenic, which amino acids are exclusively ketogenic, and which amino acids are both glucogenic and ketogenic. I also show how the amino acids feed into the different key products of the TCA Cycle. For a suggested viewing order of the videos, information on tutoring, personalized video solutions, and an opportunity to support Moof University financially, visit MoofUniversity.com, and follow Moof University on the different social media platforms. Don't forget to LIKE, COMMENT, and SUBSCRIBE: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_c...

Glucogenic Amino Acid

Paulo Ricardo Nazrio Viecili*12, ... Jonatas Z. Klafke*3, in Advances in Clinical Chemistry , 2017 TGs are lipid molecules formed by glycerol derived from carbon hydrates and/or gluconeogenic amino acids, bound to three FAs. These FAs have a similar conformation in most TG molecules: there is a saturated FA in position 1, an unsaturated FA in position 2, and a long-chain FA in position 3 (see Fig. 1) [1]. TGs are the most abundant lipids in nature, and their main characteristic is their essentially nonpolar nature, since the polar regions of their precursors (glycerol hydroxyls and carboxyls of the FAs) vanish when the ester bonds are formed. Animal fats and vegetable oils are complexes formed by TGs, the difference between them being the specific FAs that compose them. TGs in animal fats are predominantly composed of saturated FAs, lending them their solid appearance, while unsaturated FAs predominate in vegetable oils, giving them their liquid consistency. Both animal fats and vegetable oils can be digested in the organism thanks to hydrolysis by lipases [15]. TGs are synthesized through two main pathways: the glycerol phosphate pathway and the monoacylglycerol (MAG) pathway. Th Continue reading >>

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  1. ryuten

    How long can I stay in Ketosis

    Hey guys, I've done Keto in the past where I'd refeed on Saturdays, then back to Low Carb on Sundays until Friday, then refeed again Saturday.
    At the time I was doing strongman and I wanted to keep my strength/muscle mass.
    Right now I am doing Muay Thai and BJJ. I work out like 2-3 hrs a day. I just want to lose as much weight as possible and as quickly possible. I am not too worried about losing "too much weight" in a week because I know my conditioning will improve as I get skinnier.
    So, I am wondering how long can I go before I have to refeed? I know the brain needs glucose to function, so I am worried about going on for too long. So far I've been in Ketosis state since Tuesday morning when I woke up.

  2. Carus

    The brain can do just fine on the glucose your body harvests from dietary protein, that's not what carb ups are for. Carbs ups are a reset switch for important metabolic hormones like leptin and T3. Some people do well for weeks on end in ketosis; I'm certainly not one of those people. Plus, the added physiological benefits of a weekly carb up are more than worth it.

  3. Cowmustard

    if my understanding is correct, the more bf your carrying the longer you can go before your body starts catabolizing lean mass for carbs. I think some people have done SKD(straight keto diet) for months on end without much lm loss as long as they watch their activity and such.
    now you being a combative athlete does change the figure(I do the MT/BJJ route as well). I seem to preserve lm better when taking my BCAA supps, plenty of sleep, and getting about 2 tbs coconut oil a day.

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What is GLUCONEOGENESIS? What does GLUCONEOGENESIS mean? GLUCONEOGENESIS meaning - GLUCONEOGENESIS definition - GLUCONEOGENESIS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Gluconeogenesis (GNG) is a metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from certain non-carbohydrate carbon substrates. From breakdown of proteins, these substrates include glucogenic amino acids (although not ketogenic amino acids); from breakdown of lipids (such as triglycerides), they include glycerol (although not fatty acids); and from other steps in metabolism they include pyruvate and lactate. Gluconeogenesis is one of several main mechanisms used by humans and many other animals to maintain blood glucose levels, avoiding low levels (hypoglycemia). Other means include the degradation of glycogen (glycogenolysis) and fatty acid catabolism. Gluconeogenesis is a ubiquitous process, present in plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, and other microorganisms. In vertebrates, gluconeogenesis takes place mainly in the liver and, to a lesser extent, in t

Gluconeogenesis - An Overview | Sciencedirect Topics

Gluconeogenesis is the process that leads to the generation of glucose from a variety of sources such as pyruvate, lactate, glycerol, and certain amino acids. Larry R. Engelking, in Textbook of Veterinary Physiological Chemistry (Third Edition) , 2015 Gluconeogenesis occurs in the liver and kidneys. Gluconeogenesis supplies the needs for plasma glucose between meals. Gluconeogenesis is stimulated by the diabetogenic hormones (glucagon, growth hormone, epinephrine, and cortisol). Gluconeogenic substrates include glycerol, lactate, propionate, and certain amino acids. PEP carboxykinase catalyzes the rate-limiting reaction in gluconeogenesis. The dicarboxylic acid shuttle moves hydrocarbons from pyruvate to PEP in gluconeogenesis. Gluconeogenesis is a continual process in carnivores and ruminant animals, therefore they have little need to store glycogen in their liver cells. Of the amino acids transported to liver from muscle during exercise and starvation, Ala predominates. b-Aminoisobutyrate, generated from pyrimidine degradation, is a (minor) gluconeogenic substrate. N.V. Bhagavan, Chung-Eun Ha, in Essentials of Medical Biochemistry , 2011 Gluconeogenesis refers to synthesis of ne Continue reading >>

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  1. warriorscholar

    Hey all,
    I need to be to work in 6 hours and I can't seem to fall asleep. Anyone else get insomnia real bad when ketosis kicks in hard?

  2. DeltaSierra

    That's funny because I normally have terrible insomnia when I'm *not* in ketosis - I sleep much better when I am. I guess it affects everybody so differently - like some people go into "induction sickness" but that never bothered me. I hope you are able to deal with it - incidently have you ever tried melatonin? I swear by it for those nights when, regardless what my diet is, I simply can't sleep.

  3. warriorscholar

    I used to take melatonin back in the day. I never noticed an effect. I guess it couldn't hurt to give it a shot. I suppose I've always had sleeping trouble. I should look into this.

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