diabetestalk.net

What Causes Respiratory Acidosis And Alkalosis?

Share on facebook

Respiratory Alkalosis: Causes And Regulation

Respiratory Alkalosis: Causes and Regulation Watch short & fun videos Start Your Free Trial Today An error occurred trying to load this video. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. You must create an account to continue watching Start Your Free Trial To Continue Watching As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 70,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Coming up next: The Causes of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Custom Courses are courses that you create from Study.com lessons. Use them just like other courses to track progress, access quizzes and exams, and share content. Organize and share selected lessons with your class. Make planning easier by creating your own custom course. Create a new course from any lesson page or your dashboard. Click "Add to" located below the video player and follow the prompts to name your course and save your lesson. Click on the "Custom Courses" tab, then click "Create course". Next, go to any lesson page and begin adding lessons. Edit your Custom Cou Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. TSHELTON2005

    you will find some information and links in this thread:
    http://allnurses.com/forums/f205/pat...es-145201.html - pathophysiology/a & p/fluid & electrolyte resources (in nursing student assistant forum)
    respiratory acidosis: big symptom to remember is the patients have a lot of trouble breathing because of pulmonary congestion, but note the symptoms of the breathing compared to the breathing symptoms of respiratory alkalosis. you'll hear them say things like, "i can't catch my breath." you see this when there has been chest trauma, airway obstruction, pulmonary edema, drug overdose, neuromuscular diseases and in copd. the basic pathophysiology of this is that the patient is not clearing carbon dioxide from their body. hypoventilation (reduced rate and depth of breathing) causes an increase in carbon dioxide throughout the cells and tissues of the body. the hypoventilation results in pulmonary congestion and airway obstruction which leads to all the breathing difficulties.
    symptoms are:
    ph below 7.35 and pco2 over 45mmhg
    rapid, shallow respirations
    hypoventilation
    dyspnea
    elevated blood pressure
    headache
    hyperkalemia
    disorientation
    elevated cardiac output
    muscle weakness

    hypoxia
    respiratory alkalosis: hyperventilation, rapid rate of breathing, causes too much carbon dioxide to be exhaled and the ph of the body rises. the cardinal sign of respiratory alkalosis is the deep, rapid breathing, more than 40 breaths per minute, that is similar to kussmaul's respirations (seen in metabolic acidosis). this kind of breathing leads to neuromuscular and central nervous system disturbances. this will occur in pulmonary diseases such as asthma, as well as in pregnancy, fever, at high altitudes and with acute anxiety. think of the things that would cause a person to breathe very rapidly and cause large losses of carbon dioxide.
    symptoms are:
    ph elevated above 7.45 and pco2 below 35mmhg
    rapid, deep breathing
    hyperventilation
    agitation
    paresthesias
    seizures
    confusion
    hypokalemia
    lightheadedness
    dizziness

    tingling of the extremitieshope this helps.

  2. TexasTac

    the rome mnemonic has always been helpful to me:
    r respiratory
    o opposite
    ph up pco2 down = alkalosis
    ph down pco2 up = acidosis
    m metabolic
    e equal
    ph up hco2 up = alkalosis
    ph down hcos down = acidosis

  3. Beech1184

    The main thing to remember is that the lungs are the major way we dispose of acid products of metabolism in the form of CO2 and water vapor or CO3. 13,000 meq of acid are excreted versus 50 meq for the kidneys in 24 hrs. Anything that causes hypoventilation will thus cause acidosis. It can be life threatening especially in the very young and the old.
    Respratory alkalosis is usually self limiting and much less common. The most common cause is hysteria.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more
Share on facebook

Respiratory Acidosis

By James L. Lewis, III, MD, Attending Physician, Brookwood Baptist Health and Saint Vincents Ascension Health, Birmingham Respiratory acidosis is primary increase in carbon dioxide partial pressure (Pco2) with or without compensatory increase in bicarbonate (HCO3); pH is usually low but may be near normal. Cause is a decrease in respiratory rate and/or volume (hypoventilation), typically due to CNS, pulmonary, or iatrogenic conditions. Respiratory acidosis can be acute or chronic; the chronic form is asymptomatic, but the acute, or worsening, form causes headache, confusion, and drowsiness. Signs include tremor, myoclonic jerks, and asterixis. Diagnosis is clinical and with ABG and serum electrolyte measurements. The cause is treated; oxygen (O2) and mechanical ventilation are often required. Respiratory acidosis is carbon dioxide (CO2) accumulation (hypercapnia) due to a decrease in respiratory rate and/or respiratory volume (hypoventilation). Causes of hypoventilation (discussed under Ventilatory Failure ) include Conditions that impair CNS respiratory drive Conditions that impair neuromuscular transmission and other conditions that cause muscular weakness Obstructive, restricti Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. TSHELTON2005

    you will find some information and links in this thread:
    http://allnurses.com/forums/f205/pat...es-145201.html - pathophysiology/a & p/fluid & electrolyte resources (in nursing student assistant forum)
    respiratory acidosis: big symptom to remember is the patients have a lot of trouble breathing because of pulmonary congestion, but note the symptoms of the breathing compared to the breathing symptoms of respiratory alkalosis. you'll hear them say things like, "i can't catch my breath." you see this when there has been chest trauma, airway obstruction, pulmonary edema, drug overdose, neuromuscular diseases and in copd. the basic pathophysiology of this is that the patient is not clearing carbon dioxide from their body. hypoventilation (reduced rate and depth of breathing) causes an increase in carbon dioxide throughout the cells and tissues of the body. the hypoventilation results in pulmonary congestion and airway obstruction which leads to all the breathing difficulties.
    symptoms are:
    ph below 7.35 and pco2 over 45mmhg
    rapid, shallow respirations
    hypoventilation
    dyspnea
    elevated blood pressure
    headache
    hyperkalemia
    disorientation
    elevated cardiac output
    muscle weakness

    hypoxia
    respiratory alkalosis: hyperventilation, rapid rate of breathing, causes too much carbon dioxide to be exhaled and the ph of the body rises. the cardinal sign of respiratory alkalosis is the deep, rapid breathing, more than 40 breaths per minute, that is similar to kussmaul's respirations (seen in metabolic acidosis). this kind of breathing leads to neuromuscular and central nervous system disturbances. this will occur in pulmonary diseases such as asthma, as well as in pregnancy, fever, at high altitudes and with acute anxiety. think of the things that would cause a person to breathe very rapidly and cause large losses of carbon dioxide.
    symptoms are:
    ph elevated above 7.45 and pco2 below 35mmhg
    rapid, deep breathing
    hyperventilation
    agitation
    paresthesias
    seizures
    confusion
    hypokalemia
    lightheadedness
    dizziness

    tingling of the extremitieshope this helps.

  2. TexasTac

    the rome mnemonic has always been helpful to me:
    r respiratory
    o opposite
    ph up pco2 down = alkalosis
    ph down pco2 up = acidosis
    m metabolic
    e equal
    ph up hco2 up = alkalosis
    ph down hcos down = acidosis

  3. Beech1184

    The main thing to remember is that the lungs are the major way we dispose of acid products of metabolism in the form of CO2 and water vapor or CO3. 13,000 meq of acid are excreted versus 50 meq for the kidneys in 24 hrs. Anything that causes hypoventilation will thus cause acidosis. It can be life threatening especially in the very young and the old.
    Respratory alkalosis is usually self limiting and much less common. The most common cause is hysteria.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more
Share on facebook

Respiratory Acidosis/alkalosis

Increased rate and depth of respirations to blow off CO2. Kidneys eliminate H+ ions and retain HCO3-(urine pH less than 6) HCO3- levels rise when the body is compensating for the acidosis In an attempt ot compensate, the kidneys retain bicarbonate and excrete excess H+ ions into the urine The total concentration of buffer base is lower than normal, with a relative increase in hydrogen ion concentration; thus a greater number of hydrogen ions is circulating in the blood than can be absorbed by the buffer system. 1.Monitor for signs of respiratory distress. 3.Place the client in a semi-Fowler's position, unless contraindicated. 4.Encourage and assist the client to turn, cough, and deep-breathe. 5.Prepare to administer respiratory treatments as prescribed. 6.Encourage hydration to thin secretions, unless excess fluid intake is contraindicated. 7.Suction the client's airway, if necessary and if not contraindicated. 8.Reduce restlessness by improving ventilation rather than by administering tranquilizers, sedatives, or opioids because these medications further depress respirations. Hyperventilation caused by hypoxia, fear, fever, pain, exercise, anxiety, pulmonary embolus, hysteria, ov Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. TSHELTON2005

    you will find some information and links in this thread:
    http://allnurses.com/forums/f205/pat...es-145201.html - pathophysiology/a & p/fluid & electrolyte resources (in nursing student assistant forum)
    respiratory acidosis: big symptom to remember is the patients have a lot of trouble breathing because of pulmonary congestion, but note the symptoms of the breathing compared to the breathing symptoms of respiratory alkalosis. you'll hear them say things like, "i can't catch my breath." you see this when there has been chest trauma, airway obstruction, pulmonary edema, drug overdose, neuromuscular diseases and in copd. the basic pathophysiology of this is that the patient is not clearing carbon dioxide from their body. hypoventilation (reduced rate and depth of breathing) causes an increase in carbon dioxide throughout the cells and tissues of the body. the hypoventilation results in pulmonary congestion and airway obstruction which leads to all the breathing difficulties.
    symptoms are:
    ph below 7.35 and pco2 over 45mmhg
    rapid, shallow respirations
    hypoventilation
    dyspnea
    elevated blood pressure
    headache
    hyperkalemia
    disorientation
    elevated cardiac output
    muscle weakness

    hypoxia
    respiratory alkalosis: hyperventilation, rapid rate of breathing, causes too much carbon dioxide to be exhaled and the ph of the body rises. the cardinal sign of respiratory alkalosis is the deep, rapid breathing, more than 40 breaths per minute, that is similar to kussmaul's respirations (seen in metabolic acidosis). this kind of breathing leads to neuromuscular and central nervous system disturbances. this will occur in pulmonary diseases such as asthma, as well as in pregnancy, fever, at high altitudes and with acute anxiety. think of the things that would cause a person to breathe very rapidly and cause large losses of carbon dioxide.
    symptoms are:
    ph elevated above 7.45 and pco2 below 35mmhg
    rapid, deep breathing
    hyperventilation
    agitation
    paresthesias
    seizures
    confusion
    hypokalemia
    lightheadedness
    dizziness

    tingling of the extremitieshope this helps.

  2. TexasTac

    the rome mnemonic has always been helpful to me:
    r respiratory
    o opposite
    ph up pco2 down = alkalosis
    ph down pco2 up = acidosis
    m metabolic
    e equal
    ph up hco2 up = alkalosis
    ph down hcos down = acidosis

  3. Beech1184

    The main thing to remember is that the lungs are the major way we dispose of acid products of metabolism in the form of CO2 and water vapor or CO3. 13,000 meq of acid are excreted versus 50 meq for the kidneys in 24 hrs. Anything that causes hypoventilation will thus cause acidosis. It can be life threatening especially in the very young and the old.
    Respratory alkalosis is usually self limiting and much less common. The most common cause is hysteria.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more

No more pages to load

Related Articles

  • Metabolic And Respiratory Acidosis And Alkalosis

    Your patient has a ph of 6.9 Is he acidic or alkalotic? Your patient has a ph of 7.4 Is he acidic or alkalotic? Your patient has a ph of 7.7 Is he acidic or alkalotic? Your patient has a ph of 7.25 Is he acidic or alkalotic? Your patient has a ph of 7.43 Is he acidic or alkalotic? Your patient has a ph of 8.0 Is he acidic or alkalotic? 1. acidic 2. normal 3. Alkaline 4. Acidic 5. Normal 6. Alkaline You take in oxygen by inhaling, your body turns ...

    ketosis Apr 29, 2018
  • Metabolic And Respiratory Acidosis And Alkalosis Made Easy

    Arterial blood gas (ABG) interpretation is something many medical students find difficult to grasp (we’ve been there). We’ve created this guide, which aims to provide a structured approach to ABG interpretation whilst also increasing your understanding of each results relevance. The real value of an ABG comes from its ability to provide a near immediate reflection of the physiology of your patient, allowing you to recognise and treat patholog ...

    ketosis Apr 2, 2018
  • Respiratory And Metabolic Acidosis And Alkalosis Chart

    (Video) Overview of Acid-Base Maps and Compensatory Mechanisms By James L. Lewis, III, MD, Attending Physician, Brookwood Baptist Health and Saint Vincents Ascension Health, Birmingham Acid-base disorders are pathologic changes in carbon dioxide partial pressure (Pco2) or serum bicarbonate (HCO3) that typically produce abnormal arterial pH values. Acidosis refers to physiologic processes that cause acid accumulation or alkali loss. Alkalosis ref ...

    ketosis Apr 1, 2018
  • Respiratory And Metabolic Acidosis And Alkalosis

    1. Am J Kidney Dis. 2017 Sep;70(3):440-444. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2017.04.017. Epub2017 Jun 7. Metabolic Acidosis or Respiratory Alkalosis? Evaluation of a Low PlasmaBicarbonate Using the Urine Anion Gap. Batlle D(1), Chin-Theodorou J(2), Tucker BM(3). (1)Division of Nephrology & Hypertension, Department of Medicine, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. Electronic address: [email protected] (2)Division of ...

    ketosis Apr 2, 2018
  • What Causes Respiratory Acidosis And Alkalosis?

    Hyperventilation is the mechanism in ALL cases Hyperventilation (ie increased alveolar ventilation) is the mechanism responsible for the lowered arterial pCO2 in ALL cases of respiratory alkalosis. This low arterial pCO2 will be sensed by the central and peripheral chemoreceptors and the hyperventilation will be inhibited unless the patients ventilation is controlled. 1. Central Causes (direct action via respiratory centre) Other 'supra-tentoria ...

    ketosis Mar 31, 2018
  • Difference Between Respiratory And Metabolic Acidosis And Alkalosis

    What Is the Difference between Alkalosis and Acidosis? The primary difference between alkalosis and acidosis is that alkalosis places blood pH above normal, while acidosis places blood pH below normal. The levels of bicarbonate (HCO3) and carbon dioxide (CO2) vary as well, being influenced by whether the acidosis or alkalosis is respiratory or metabolic in nature. Metabolic alkalosis and acidosis connects to diseases or conditions impacting HCO3 ...

    ketosis Apr 2, 2018

Popular Articles

More in ketosis