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What Causes Metabolic Acidosis In Renal Failure?

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What Is Renal Failure: In this video, We will share information about what is renal failure - how to identify renal failure - symptoms of renal failure. Subscribe to our channel for more videos. Watch: (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ivQE7...) How to Identify Renal Failure Renal failure, also known as kidney failure, is a condition that can take two different forms: acute, when it presents itself very suddenly, and chronic, when it develops slowly over at least three months. Acute kidney failure has the potential to lead to chronic renal failure. During both types of renal failure your kidneys arent able to perform the necessary functions your body needs to stay healthy. Despite this similarity between types, the causes, symptoms, and treatments for the two kinds of renal failure vary significantly. Learning about the symptoms and causes of this disease and being able to differentiate between the two forms can be beneficial if you or a loved one have been diagnosed with renal failure. Thanks for watching what is renal failure - how to identify renal failure - symptoms of renal failure video and don't forget to like, comment and share. Related Searches: acute renal failure dr najeeb, acute renal failure explained clearly, acute renal failure kaplan, acute renal failure khan academy, acute renal failure lecture, acute renal failure management, acute renal failure medcram, acute renal failure nursing, acute renal failure treatment, acute renal failure usmle, chronic renal failure explained clearly, chronic renal failure khan academy, chronic renal failure lecture, chronic renal failure nursing, chronic renal failure treatment, chronic renal failure usmle, end stage renal failure, michael linares renal failure, pathophysiology of renal failure, renal failure, renal failure and abgs, renal failure and bone health, renal failure and dialysis, renal failure and electrolyte imbalances, renal failure and hyperkalemia, renal failure and hypocalcemia, renal failure and massage, renal failure and phosphorus, renal failure anemia, renal failure animation, renal failure bolin, renal failure calcium, renal failure care plan, renal failure case study presentation, renal failure cat, renal failure catheter, renal failure causes, renal failure causes hyperkalemia, renal failure chronic, renal failure concept map, renal failure cure, renal failure definition, renal failure diagnosis, renal failure diet, renal failure diet for humans, renal failure diet therapy, renal failure disease, renal failure dog, renal failure dr najeeb, renal failure due to ace inhibitor, renal failure electrolyte imbalance, renal failure examination, renal failure explained, renal failure fluid retention, renal failure for dummies, renal failure for nursing students, renal failure from ace inhibitor, renal failure funny, renal failure grinding, renal failure home remedy, renal failure homeopathic treatment, renal failure humans, renal failure hyperkalemia pathophysiology, renal failure icd 10, renal failure in cats, renal failure in children, renal failure in dogs, renal failure in hindi, renal failure in malayalam, renal failure in neonates, renal failure in sepsis, renal failure in the emergency department, renal failure in urdu, renal failure khan, renal failure khan academy, renal failure lab values, renal failure lecture, renal failure loss of appetite, renal failure made easy, renal failure malayalam, renal failure management, renal failure meaning in urdu, renal failure medcram, renal failure medications, renal failure metabolic acidosis, renal failure natural remedies, renal failure natural treatment, renal failure nclex, renal failure nclex questions, renal failure nucleus, renal failure nursing, renal failure nursing care plan, renal failure on dialysis, renal failure osce station, renal failure osmosis, renal failure pathology, renal failure pathophysiology, renal failure pathophysiology animation, renal failure patient, renal failure pbds, renal failure pharmacology, renal failure phases, renal failure physiology, renal failure prerenal intrarenal postrenal, renal failure pronunciation, renal failure quiz, renal failure registered nurse rn, renal failure shaking, renal failure skin itching, renal failure stage 3, renal failure stages, renal failure stories, renal failure support groups, renal failure swollen feet, renal failure symptoms, renal failure symptoms in cats, renal failure transplant, renal failure treatment, renal failure treatment in ayurveda, renal failure treatment in homeopathy, renal failure ultrasound, renal failure urine, renal failure usmle, renal failure vascular calcification, renal failure video, renal failure volume overload, renal failure vs ckd, renal failure youtube, renal kidney failure, stages of renal failure, symptoms of renal failure, types of renal failure, what is renal failure

Why Does Renal Failure Cause Metabolic Acidosis

Why Does Renal Failure Cause Metabolic Acidosis Renal failure patients will have many symptoms and discomforts among which metabolic acidosis, water and electrolytes disorders are the most common. Metabolic acidosis is due to excessive accumulation of acidic substances in the blood due to diminished renal filtering functions. Metabolic acidosis can cause the patients to have the following clinical symptoms such as loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, long and deep breath, etc. These symptoms will become more obvious and serious when the clearance rate of creatinine falls below 25ml/min and serum creatinine level is significantly elevated. If left untreated, metabolic acidosis, along with renal hypertension, high blood potassium, fluid and sodium retention, anemia can cause heart failure, arrhythmia and myocardial damages, therefore it is very important to seek proper treatments as soon as possible. Healthy kidneys have the functions of maintaining acid-base balances, in case of kidney failure this function is severely affected and the impaired kidneys can not remove metabolic acidic materials such as phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid from the blood. They will accumulate in Continue reading >>

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  1. Antranik

    I recently published a comprehensive guide for people who have never heard of the keto diet or want to know more. This was very well received on /r/keto and I'm sure /r/fitness would benefit as well from this information because diet is one of the most powerful and effective changes we could make to manage our health.

    I tried to do my best to make sure I portrayed this diet in a responsible, well-rounded manner with all the pros/cons so here goes:
    Link: All About the Keto Diet: A Beginners Guide
    Edit: The post was removed due to some self-promotion rules. SO I must adhere to them by probably summarizing the content of a 9000 word article. Okay so here goes:
    What is the ketogenic (keto) diet?
    The ketogenic diet is not intended to be a temporary diet for weight loss, although it works great for that, but it is more of a lifestyle change where you consistently and drastically reduce the amount of carbs you ingest. It not only makes you burn fat for energy (more on that below) but helps you become very aware of how rampant and ubiquitous carbs are in this day and age.
    Why is it called ketogenic?
    The word ketogenic is made up of two words: keto- and -genic.
    The prefix “keto-” is short for ketones.
    The suffix “-genic” is the same as genesis, which refers to “the creation of something”
    So the word ketogenic literally means the “creation of ketones.”
    Ketones are created from the break down of fat for energy when the body doesn’t get enough carbs.
    When the body is creating ketones, it is said to be in a state of ketosis where fat becomes the main source of fuel for energy rather than sugar (glycolysis).
    What the fuck are ketones?
    Ketones are like water-soluble fat molecules that can cross the blood-brain-barrier and provide energy for the brain. There is this myth where people say that you MUST eat carbs because the brain can only survive off carbs or glucose. What they don’t know (or conveniently forget to mention) is that the brain operates perfectly on ketones as well. Think of them as the 4th macronutrient after carbs, protein and fat.
    How is ketosis achieved?
    Ketosis is achieved by practicing strict carbohydrate restriction consistently. The general limit is about 25-50grams of net carbs a day which is far lower than the typical 200-300grams most people ingest per day. (Net carbs are carbs minus fiber.) Those carbs must be replaced with healthy fat sources. It takes a few days for ketosis to actually occur because you have a glycogen supply to get through initially, but one can reach ketosis faster if they exercise.
    Note: One can also reach ketosis if they starve themselves completely of all foods, but that is not ideal or recommended. What we're after is not starvational ketosis but nutritional ketosis which is achieved in the same fashion by simply restricting carbs.
    What are the benefits of being in ketosis?
    The promises of a ketogenic diet are quite impressive:
    Helpful for metabolic syndrome (obesity) and preventing diabetes
    Increased meal satiety and appetite blunting. This diet is more satiating than a low-fat diet and tends to makes it easier to avoid caloric overconsumption.
    Greater rate of fat loss due to state of ketosis rather than glycolysis.
    Note: You literally become a fat-burning machine.
    Reduction or complete elimination of Type-2 Diabetes (Reduction in insulin resistance)
    Reduction or complete elimination of hypertension (high blood pressure).
    Improved lipid fat profile: LDL (the bad cholesterol) particle size increases which is a good thing. (The smaller ones cause more damage.)

    The SIZE of LDL particles may be more important than concentration of LDL cholesterol.
    Recent studies have shown independent relationships of levels of LDL size to risk of heart disease.
    Prevention of various cancers and reduction of cancer growths.

    The mitochondria of cancer cells are damaged and require 200x the normal amounts of glucose to replicate at rapid rates. They cannot utilize ketones and cannot survive in ketosis without the presence of excess glucose.
    Possible treatment for Alzheimers. (another study)
    Possible treatment for Parkinsons
    Improved memory for older adults
    Reduction or complete elimination of chronic systemic inflammation.
    A ketogenic diet has profoundly anti-inflammatory effects.
    Improved cardiovascular health
    Very high muscle-sparing effect. (Muscle loss is mitigated in ketosis even at a caloric deficit!)
    Proven treatment for epilepsy, more effective than current medications without the side effects.
    You can extrapolate that if it’s helping reverse the diseased conditions of people with Type 2 diabetes, cancer, heart disease, epilepsy, Alzheimer’s and so forth, that it may PROACTIVELY help those of us who are not afflicted by those conditions and want to avoid them!
    Before I continue: The ketogenic diet is NOT a panacea
    The truth is that there is not a single, perfect diet that works for everybody. In regards to this diet specifically, Dom D’agostino says that this diet is excellent for ~70% of people out there but ~30% of the population does not respond well to this diet. Btw, Dom D’agostino is the expert that originally got me hooked to trying keto. He calls ketones the 4th macronutrient in this podcast with Tim Ferris.
    Weight loss is NOT guaranteed on keto. You still need to be wary of your total intake of calories and counting your calories/macros is recommended until you figure out the diet. But after a lot of experience, many people find the keto diet to be liberating because they are able to maintain the diet without the need for calorie counting by consistently choosing only keto-friendly foods.
    Why do you have to restrict the carbs so sharply? How does the body transition to burning fats for energy?
    I wrote a ton on that topic and I'm just summarizing here so here's a tl;dr infographic: http://i.imgur.com/HeEYexT.png
    So… What are carbohydrates?
    Carbs are sugar. Sugars are carbs. There are simple carbs (monosaccharides) and complex carbs (polysaccharides). There are also sugars found naturally in foods and extra sugars added artificially to foods. In the context of a ketogenic diet, they’re all pretty much the same because the body eventually breaks them down into their simplest forms regardless. (The carbs that you will eat will come almost entirely from veggies or nuts on this diet.)
    Don't we need carbs for energy?

    Despite your body needing to break down carbs first and foremost when they are ingested, carbs are NOT an essential nutrient. An essential nutrient is one your body needs to survive because it won’t be able to make it on its own. But your body readily creates sugar from fat and protein to regulate blood sugar levels.

    Many people think they need carbs to perform at their very best performance-wise, but that’s not true either. It takes a few weeks, but after someone becomes completely adapted to the ketogenic diet, they become very, very efficient at burning fats for fuel and the bandwidth or throughput within which your body can do this at is great. It’s been ingrained in us that we need carbs to survive, or perform at our peak as athletes. We see sugar as energy. We see athletes drink Gatorade, so we think we can’t perform at our best without it. We almost rely on it as a crutch. But when you’re keto-adapted you are not chained to the hypoglycemic rollercoaster.
    I'm only a quarter way through the article and it's only summarized the key points but the rest of the article talks about
    What's wrong with carbs
    Which foods are high in carbs: all grains/bread, rice, pasta, cereal, starchy veggies, potato chips, vegetable chips, pita chips, cookies, crackers, ice cream, pudding, cakes, donuts, soft drinks (none of it!) and fruits/fruit juices (except berries and avocados).
    A rebuttal to people who say, "I like food too much."
    How to calculate how many NET carbs a food has (total carbs minus fiber)
    What to eat if you don't eat carbs?
    How sustainable is such a relatively restrictive diet? How do you eat out?
    Can you get all the proper nutrients off of it? How does one create a well formulated keto diet?
    Isn't this diet expensive?
    What are all the pros/cons of this diet?
    Progress pics

    calories in/out only: eating at a simple deficit in 2013, I lost fat AND muscle
    keto only: but on the keto diet, because it is muscle sparing, I lost fat AND retained muscle

    Again, this was only an abridged version of the whole thing. If you want to read the full article with photos and full text, go here: All About the Keto Diet: A Beginners Guide

    And please remember that diets are an extremely complex subject. There is no perfect diet and it's not all about just doing something for weight loss. Diet is influenced by culture, religion, social influence, family, ethics... for some it's as simply as drinking soylent and nothing more. For some, they view it through a lens of biochemistry and physiology and geek out over metabolically hacking their body. It's all about finding out what works for you. On the keto diet, I was able to sleep well and have good recovery between strength/skill training sessions and felt a constant state of mental focus (I still do, I've been keto for like 3 months straight now with 5 months total experience), so it's nice to be able to share what it's all about, in case it jives with anyone.

  2. maurid

    [–] Woolfus 109 points 1 year ago

    How much of this would you say is actually due to keto, and how much of it was sticking to a diet and limiting calories?
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    [–] LaMarquesa 195 points 1 year ago

    I know it's all about calories in/calories out, but I really like keto because I can still eat delicious food (steak, bacon, cheese, creamy sauces...) and I don't feel deprived, which I know definitely made it a sustainable diet for me. Also, it really limits eating boxed/pre-made food, which generally has lots more calories per serving than "real" food.
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    [–] WhenWorking 148 points 1 year ago

    I think this is a really cool way to look at it:
    I can still eat delicious foodand I don't feel deprived,
    leading to this:
    which I know definitely made it a sustainable diet for me.
    Most people that I see "dieting" have cheat days, which become more and more frequent until they've given up. The sustainable diet dies because they never feel satisfied with what they're eating.
    PS. You killed it, good work! Look great!
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    [–] MinnitMann 34 points 1 year ago

    Furthermore, you learn how much diet-conscious snack food is out there.
    I went from eating tons of chips, cheetos, and sugary snacks to eating jerky, cheese, and berries and I feel way better eating the latter than the former.
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    [–] LaMarquesa 29 points 1 year ago

    Yep, I've tried all kinds of diets before keto but keto is definitely the one that's easiest to stick with for me. 1.5 years and not a single piece of bread, potato, pasta, or sweets. I realized that the starches were like my "filler" foods I would eat in order to just feel full. Now, I just eat the tastiest stuff (meat and veggies).
    PS. Thanks!
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    [–] Krombopulos_Micheal 3 points 1 year ago

    I did keto for about a month and it's definitely a great diet and I had great results, but that no pizza thing is a deal breaker for me.
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    [–] Rhiow 20 points 1 year ago

    Short answer for me: keto allows me to limit my calories in a sustainable and comfortable way. Diet attempts without severe carb reduction leave me feeling like shit and allow for short term weight loss but are not sustainable.
    Long Answer: My personal experience with many attempts to cut calories as a Type 2 Diabetic is that I have serious issues with food cravings when I would try to eat healthy carbs (whole wheat, less processed, more fruits/less fast food, etc). I have lost some weight with just willpower and eating less, but I would feel like I was always at risk of low blood sugars, maintaining that on a standard diet with fruits and some grains just felt like a nightmare at all times, even as I'd lose weight.
    On keto my blood sugar is always in a normal range. I don't spike to highs, I don't have lows. I can fast if I want, or not, without worry about passing out. I don't even need to take medication to regulate my blood sugar. My body can still do it on its own as long as I don't throw carbs into the mix.
    Keto lets me live like a normal person despite the past 10-15 years of fucking my body up with shit eating habits. At least, that's how it feels.
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    [–] [deleted] 1 year ago*

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    [–] [deleted] 4 points 1 year ago

    Not to mention you don't want carbs because without them you feel so good. During my weight loss every time I craved carbs I was very hesitant to cheat, which I never did either, you just don't want to fuck up the benefits being in ketosis brings you. Meanwhile when just calorie counting I never stuck to it more than a 1-2 months before ending up bingeing and returning to eating shit the next morning gaining more weight than I started with, keto saved my life and I still eat it even though I throw in some carb cycles to support my lifting.
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    [–] torik0 31 points 1 year ago

    It's accidental calorie restriction, just like with intermittent fasting.
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    [–] Antranik Gymnastics [S ] 47 points 1 year ago

    Which is huge, because people feel less hungry on a keto diet. As opposed to a diet high in sugar or carbs where people will feel hungry after they experience a drop in sugar. But sugar levels are regulated a lot more tightly in ketosis.
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    [–] IFlyAircrafts 3 points 1 year ago

    That's one of the subtle advantages of Keto. Most diets you can eat a few cookies here and there and it won't make a difference in the long run. However with Keto even one cheat day can throw you out of ketosis so you CAN NOT cheat. So you have to be much more strict with Keto. Being strict and consistent every single day really adds up over time.
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  3. idafridge

    [–] [deleted] 117 points 1 year ago

    I take a supplement for magnesium. I eat a ton of spinach which is really good for magnesium too. For potassium I take a teaspoon of lo salt in a glass of water a few times a day. I get plenty of sodium from the cured meats I eat during the day. R/Keto is a big fan of bouillon/broth but it's not really my thing.
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    [–] heather80 37 points 1 year ago

    Okay, I'm new to keto, so please forgive me being an idiot here, but potassium scares the shit out of me because too much can give you a heart attack, right? How do you know how much is safe?
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    [–] [deleted] 128 points 1 year ago

    Paramedic here. I've only ever seen a cardiac event occur one time from a potassium overdose, and it was in a 90 year old woman with a history of major cardiac issues. She was a banana fiend despite being told by her doc to limit her intake due to her potassium being at critical levels. But why the fuck would you listen to a doctor when you're 90 years old?
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    [–] [deleted] 265 points 1 year ago*

    But why the fuck would you listen to a doctor when you're 90 years old?
    Yeah that's just bananas.
    Edit: Ah~ you took my gold virginity.
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    [–] [deleted] 13 points 1 year ago

    B-a-n-a-n-a-s
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    [–] UpWithMiniskirts 8 points 1 year ago

    4 am and my neighbours hear me yell:
    NOOOOOOOOOOOOO
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    [–] AdmiralSkippy 12 points 1 year ago

    When my aunt was dying my mom brought her a ham sandwich from Arby's because she wanted one. The nurses were like "she can't have that."
    ...she still got her sandwich.
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    [–] [deleted] 5 points 1 year ago

    Yea I mean if she had no chance of recovery then why not at that point.
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    [–] megalowmart 17 points 1 year ago

    Too much or too little potassium can cause cardiac events, definitely. I don't think it's a bad idea to go to the doc before starting this diet and every few months after to keep an eye on labs. Even just having lab draws every few months without having an actual doctors appt would be helpful. If you did it every three months, you can also get your A1C and cholesterol checked, to see what changes were happening. That would actually be pretty cool to see!
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    [–] [deleted] 6 points 1 year ago*

    [deleted]
    What is this?
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    [–] sunealoneal 9 points 1 year ago

    It would take quite a lot for that to happen, but honestly you don't need to do that anyway. Here's a list of foods from Mayo Clinic that have a good amount of it. Find one that fits and try working that in.
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    [–] [deleted] 13 points 1 year ago

    I never take more than 2 teaspoons a day and it's usually spread out over the day. Also the only reason I ever go over one is because I'm running/cycling and sweating a ton
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    [–] 80_Lashes 60 points 1 year ago

    Please don't take medical advice from randos on Reddit. Nobody should be taking supplemental potassium without first consulting their doctor. It's serious shit.
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    [–] the_swolestice 27 points 1 year ago

    Who was even talking about taking a potassium supplement?
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    [–] platoprime Powerlifting 13 points 1 year ago

    No one.
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    [–] Darwinsnightmare 10 points 1 year ago

    The person talking above you saying they take "lo salt" is talking about a potassium supplement. Most salt substitutes are potassium instead of sodium.
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    [–] 11787 13 points 1 year ago

    Potassium supplements are 99 mg and the RDA for potassium is 4700 mg for adults, so the supplement is really just symbolic.
    http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/rda-guidelines-potassium-3894.html
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    [–] mathematical Powerlifting 8 points 1 year ago

    With keto you end up cooking at home a lot. I just salt all my foods with Lite Salt. Never had electrolyte issues cooking at home.
    Just use lite salt the way you would regular salt and you'll be fine. Honestly a lot of people micro-manage this. Once you get used to the dietary restrictions, its actually pretty easy, and things like using Lite Salt, drinking more water, and feeling good all the time are just your new "normal".
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    [–] ADudeLikeAnyOther 10 points 1 year ago

    You sound like a commercial.
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    [–] shortordercook 15 points 1 year ago

    Beef broth helps. Also lots of Powerade worked for me.
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    [–] [deleted] 1 year ago

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    [–] Gisschace 3 points 1 year ago

    Are you in the Uk? Bovril will do the trick (basically oxo cube in hot water but nicer)
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    [–] DumsterFire 12 points 1 year ago

    Powerade? But what about the ketones bro
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    [–] [deleted] 27 points 1 year ago

    Powerade Zero :0
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    [–] ArmoredHobo 6 points 1 year ago

    Are the zero carb/sugar version of energy drinks ketokosher or am I sol?
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    [–] idafridge 3 points 1 year ago

    Ok ill try those out, I have been staying hydrated but still have to stand up slow sometimes or I get dizzy.
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    [–] GumbyTheZombie 10 points 1 year ago

    When I did keto, I used Emergen-C Electro Mix which I got an amazon. It worked great for me, especially in the first few weeks.
    Liberally salting your food helps and staying hydrated helps too. I loved the drink mix though.
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Want a chronic kidney disease stage 3 diet? Try this for a chronic kidney disease stage 3 diet click here http://kidney.diethere.net/kidney-dis... - the best diet for kidney disease Read the testimonials from other followers of the kidney diet secrets. These are all extracts from testimonials that people who have used the Kidney diet to drastically change their lives and regained health; The Kidney Diet Secrets Guide Book was easy enough for an active guy like me to follow. It took sometime, but I managed to do it. No more kidney stones for 3 years. I know it will never come back once you really beat the root cause. This book taught me to get rid of kidney stones right from the roots. I was diagnosed with acute renal failure 7 months ago. I thought it was the end for me as the doctor's tone of voice implied. I did my research, and came across your guide. That was one of the best days in my life....being a business consultant, I had to travel a lot by land and by air...I thought I would never be able to follow the Kidney Diet Secrets guide but I was wrong. 11 months after, I'm still easily eating kidney-healthy diet and it never took control of my life. Thanks again! My family and I used to be very frustrated because the doctors wouldn't give us enough information for my father who has kidney failure for 3 years. 'eat a low protein diet' is never enough. How low is low? etc. This book solved everything about that. Now my father does not experience fatigue and is as happy as ever. Thanks!" I had chronic kidney disease (CKD) for 6 years before I got a hold of this book. Few weeks later after I had my regularly scheduled laboratory test for kidney function, my doctor was amazed my kidneys were progressing. It continues until today after all these months. I really am thankful to have come across this amazing guide. Easily the Best book in Kidney Disease anywhere. And the recipes included are simply the best! I had to endure having high blood pressure since I was 40, diagnosed with acute renal failure a few months later and I was advised to get ready for dialysis by my doctor. After having through your book and following your advise, It's been 1 year and 5 months I still haven't undergone dialysis. I owe it to you and your diet method Rachelle. Thank you. My Doctor Was Amazed...I promised to give you a testimonial if it worked for me. And surely enough.. it did!...the doctor was amazed how my creatinine got back to normal range pretty quickly. Everything is laid out in an easy and understandable manner. Not a single medical jargon! I definitely recommend the book to anyone with chronic kidney disease - even if you only get a couple of tips from it, they have got to be the tips that will save you from dialysis or a transplant! Glad I found your guide! "Its a Must for Kidney Patients..." This book, in my opinion, is a must for kidney patients. It wasn't easy at first, but I'm very much used to it now. Well written and easy to understand, it gave me a much better understanding of CKD and what I need to do to live a longer and healthier life. Dialysis is not something I want to experience. For those seeking information on Kidney Disease and how to best deal with it, the biggest frustration is the lack of good information available. The author explains why not much has been done about educating the public with kidney disease. A lot of good information I haven't found anywhere up until today! "GFR Shoot up in a few weeks!" The book spells out how diet and restricting certain foods can stop and even reverse kidney disease. I had a blood test done and found that my GFR was only 26 - Stage 4 Kidney Disease - that was a huge shock to me since it went from above 60 down to 26 in five months! That was a huge motivator for me to do try out the Kidney Diet Secrets and it worked! You need to check out the Kidney Diet for yourself and you can do it RISK FREE. Find out information on kidney diet, kidney diet secrets, diet kidney disease, kidney disease diet, diet for kidney disease, chronic kidney disease diet, polycystic kidney disease diet, kidney disease diet plan, chronic kidney disease treatment, diet for chronic kidney disease, stage 3 kidney disease diet, low protein diet kidney disease, low protein diet for kidney disease, kidney disease diet restrictions, diets for kidney disease, kidney disease diets, diet for stage 3 kidney disease, diet for polycystic kidney disease, chronic kidney disease stage 3 diet, chronic kidney disease diet plan, stage 4 kidney disease diet, kidney disease diet recipes, diet and kidney disease, diabetic kidney disease diet, best diet for kidney disease, how to treat chronic kidney disease, diet plan for kidney disease, diet for people with kidney disease, diet for kidney disease patients, just go to http://kidney.diethere.net or dietkidneydisease to see videos:, http://youtu.be/pzA1GuZASI8, http://youtu.be/uvIpUcWH2tE, http://youtu.be/bN08Utq_6aM

Pathogenesis, Consequences, And Treatment Of Metabolic Acidosis In Chronic Kidney Disease

The content on the UpToDate website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your own physician or other qualified health care professional regarding any medical questions or conditions. The use of this website is governed by the UpToDate Terms of Use ©2018 UpToDate, Inc. All topics are updated as new evidence becomes available and our peer review process is complete. INTRODUCTION — Most individuals produce approximately 15,000 mmol (considerably more with exercise) of carbon dioxide and 50 to 100 meq of nonvolatile acid each day. Acid-base balance is maintained by normal elimination of carbon dioxide by the lungs (which affects the partial pressure of carbon dioxide [PCO2]) and normal excretion of nonvolatile acid by the kidneys (which affects the plasma bicarbonate concentration). The hydrogen ion concentration of the blood is determined by the ratio of the PCO2 and plasma bicarbonate concentration. (See "Simple and mixed acid-base disorders", section on 'Introduction'.) Acidosis associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) will be discussed in this topic. An overview of simple acid-base disorders an Continue reading >>

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    How to Get Back Into Ketosis After Cheating (youtube.com)

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8.3 Acidosis And Renal Failure

Metabolic acidosis occurs with both acute and chronic renal failure and with other types of renal damage. The anion gap may be normal or may be elevated. If the renal damage affects both glomeruli and tubules, the acidosis is a high-anion gap acidosis. It is due to failure of adequate excretion of various acid anions due to the greatly reduced number of functioning nephrons. If the renal damage predominantly affects the tubules with minimal glomerular damage, a different type of acidosis may occur. This is called Renal Tubular Acidosis (RTA) and this is a normal anion gap or hyperchloraemic type of acidosis. The GFR may be normal or only minimally affected. The acidosis occurring in uraemic patients 1 is due to failure of excretion of acid anions (particularly phosphate and sulphate) because of the decreased number of nephrons. There is a major decrease in the number of tubule cells which can produce ammonia and this contributes to uraemic acidosis. Serious acidosis does not occur until the GFR has decreased to about 20 mls/min. This corresponds to a creatinine level of about 0.30-0.35 mmols/l. The plasma bicarbonate in renal failure with acidosis is typically between 12 & 20 mmol Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Michael Ledney

    Busy season at work again. That always means a reduction in my training load, but this year I decided to use the time to experiment with reduced calories, low carb, higher fat intake.
    I'd be glad to discuss the experiment and results to date if anyone is interested (nothing but good things to report), but I'm really here to ask about any known effects of ketosis on brain chemistry.
    I'm ~ 3 weeks in, energy is phenomenal, mental acuity, focus, and productivity are as good or better than ever, complete elimination of mood swings, and am absolutely never hungry. I actually have to set a timer to remind me to eat. However, I feel like I'm on some type stimulant drug. Very similar, in fact, to descriptions I've read about cocain or amphedamine, accompanied with a palpable tingling in my frontal lobe. I have no hesitation to using the term euphoric to describe my state of mind.
    I'm not concerned (should I be), this is certainly a highly preferable state of being, but I am curious as to whether this is a normal ketonic response. Does the switch to a fat burning metabolism drive pronounced changes in serotonin delivery/uptake or perhaps something endorphin related? Should I expect this to continue or is it just part of the conversion?
    A google search (below, all wfs) shows that there is significant interaction between insulin/ketosis/serotonin/etc. However, with the exception of the last link, my results appear to contridict the normal observations. I'm no biochemist (physical inorganic by training) so I thought I would take it to the community. Any input is greatly appreciated.
    http://psy.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/.../full/47/2/178
    http://www.doctorezrin.com/pages/464980/index.htm
    http://findarticles.com/p/articles/m...24/ai_n6168626
    http://www.moodfoods.com/fasting-mood.html

  2. Michael Ledney

    Never mind.
    Another search (ketosis + euphoria) indicates that this is a common occurance. My results are much longer in duration than that reported below, likely due to the intermittent fasting I've applied on top of the low carb/high fat (4 meals between 10 AM and 4PM, no other intake but water).
    all wfs
    http://www.alternative-healthzine.com/html/0101_1.html
    http://www.metroactive.com/papers/so...ning-0408.html
    http://www.lowcarbohydrate.net/httbl...es/000136.html
    http://allwomenstalk.com/viewstory/?...ause-euphoria/

  3. Cal Jones

    I remember a very low carb diet I did where I basically ate meat and drank Diet Coke and everyone thought I was on drugs (ketosis + caffeine = fun!) So I know where you're coming from there!

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